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Start of The Circle Collection 
AR7130 



Sys# 000198607 

LEO BAECK INSTITUTE 

Center for Jewish History 

15 West 16th Street 

New York, NY 10011 

Phone: (212)744-6400 
Fax (212)988-1305 
Email lbaeck@lbi cjh org 
URL http.//www lbi.org 






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Organioationen, The Circle ; AR - C 3086 
(society of refugee architects, '• L ^ u 

planners and designers in London) 

194 .mainly 1945-51) c - 2 inches 

1-58. lars to the membershiptmainly invit- 
ations to meetings 1947-67 (mair -948-51 
59.-71. Correspondence including a letter :rom 
Norman 3entwich 1946-67 
72- Rules of the Circle with revisions 

-ts 1956-58 

~~~ -.T--3: 1. The 'J-rcle I I ■ n3 ! ErSE teKt 

/Emigration 1933-45 4. Ouden Laender England 




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2. Karte Organisationen.The Circle AR - C ? ^6 

75-79. Poems and ;l0r0US ,?P eech f\£?o' cc 
Circle celebrations (German) 1949-?5 

80-81. Printed material of the Council of 

Industrial Design 1946 

ft?-96 Reports by circle members on metnods ol 

82 9 bricSying and on design in various parts 

of German, Austria and Hungary (1945-46-} 

97-101^ n Miscellaneous including one eulogy for 
a member 







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THE. CIR C1 3 
Hon. Sec . H.J .keifenl erg. 
315 U-oper itieli ivo , • 

itney G^ 






i January 1 7 . 



Dear fir 



a General Meeting of "The Circle" will be 
jsday, 12th February 1947 at 6.0 p.m. at r. 



The A 
held on Y/'ednee 
Ruheman' a Studio, 17a Beli e, * 

A E . 



1. Secrets r; ' s r« _ ort. 



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A vote will > talen on the folic an 

the Secret; y r . ' - ■ 

( a ) T >.3 of t i. hules of "The Circle" 

.,. en aed o p follows; 

"T3 e Circle is direc 
10 viiich fo: 
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- 

i in i "orders - 



1^ i . ./ l'f-7 \ before t re 

eli !•" 

(■b) Thot • f the ules of "The Circle" be 

a , : to read as follows; 

i. . , ] i P fee is to be fix- Lly 
bin le 
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with e slin containing your name. itJ is 

; 3ne - oiocin ; the 2nd envelope on ble 

; v nav S end it by post io 

leered -o will act, as bh at «i. 

2 etin ;. - to ousc: . a rules 

strictly or your vote will not be valid . 

4. Any other business. 



Yours -lyi 



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TKE CIRCLE 
Hon .Sec. H.J. Reifenbere 
315 Up^er Richmond Rd . S.W. 
Putney 8099 



Dear Member • 

Please find below a short reoort of the 
General Mooting held on February 12th. As there was 
not the r^escr i v :d quorum the amendments prooosed 
(the wording of which you have received) could not 
bo put to tho voto of the mooting. According to the 
constitution a n ow mooting will ^e held on March 12 
| when votes will"\>o taller, "irrespective of members 
f present . At that mooting further urgent questions 
( as 'to future activities will be discussed. Your 
attendance would be mo.st ••.•elcomo. 

un Jgbruar:.- 26 Miss Schoend_orff will lead 
a discussion on""" Prof_c ssional Informa ti on Services i n 
this c o u r.tr"" . 

Both meetings at Mr JRuhomann ' n Stud io ,17a 3e Is izc Sq., 
N .W.3. , at 6 o .m. 

Repo rt of C- one r a 1 Moot ing__ 
held" on irebruar"; : ~'l2th ,1947. 

Present: 12 membor-^. In the chair: Mr. Leaser. 

1 .The Secretary's report was read and aporoved . A 
vote of thanks to the Secretary was proposed by 
Mr .i^reud & Mr Jluhomann and carried. 

2. There was no quorum for the amendments nroposed. 
A new General Mooting was fixed for March 12th. 

3.ElectiDn of 5 Committee Members. Mr .Losse.: , Mr. 
Reifonborc and Miss Klinger formed the Election 
Committee . 

20 Members h av3 voted , all entitled to voto. The 
results were as follows: 



Mr . Jaretzloi 
Mr . Rosenthal 
Mr . Herrmann 
Mr . jfreud 
Mr . Wallas z 
Mar . Wolf s oh n 



12 votes 

11 ■ 
9 " 
7 " 
7 ■ 
7 " 



the rest of the votes beinr s^lit amene various 
members. Mr J?roud resigned in favour of Mr .Wallesz 
& Mr. WTolfsohn. M r. J a rot?,ki ,M r .Rp^ enthal ^Ir^orrj; 
mann.Mr .J^Uos:; an^L£,jm^^n ' t '"' JIV ' f 01 " J 
ele'ctVd as" moinoors of tho CT;mmittoo . 

4. A number of further quogtions were diecussed(Whoro 
to hold future rrootdncs . Contact with British 
Colloarues , otc ) 

The H:n. Secretary 






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CIRCLE . 

Hojo Reifenbergo 
ixn k iT-o-oer Richmond Road, 
^Wlis! P^one: put,8099. 



13th January 9 1948. 






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Dear Memher, ^ ^ on 

The Annual General Meeting of t he C rcle ^ , 

RSK'lS SSi'aT^i.^^ W attendance would he 

welcome* 

A fl E N X> A . 

1. secretary's Report. 

2 . giecrtlon^^ 

The five memoers who have to resign in turn are:- 

Mr. Frankel. 
Mr. Lesser. 
Mr. Rachlis. 
Mr. Reifenberg. 
Mr. Ruhemann. 

A11 except Mr. Kuh-ann have -ved on^he^lttee for 
two successive ^^f^efecWons according to the 
. ^^ntTassed ef a°t' beginning of this year. 

KU^i^ Procedure. 

Ple ase find enclosed a ^Kl^tt^T t^TrT 
names P of those remaining on *^« ^»J aiMt those five 
eligible have heen deleted). PU * a liat in tha 

Swfh you want to he on the C o^^ee, p^ ^^ in any way, 
enclosed envelope and put tne e f gl oon taining your 

into the second envelope, tether ^ envel on the 

a .JffisASr SSiffM s:us.>i- be 

^o^rvf iLsf r ulos h strfc^y or your vote will not he 

Valid, aa + *Mr 

Ho m0m hers.are entitled to vote who^av e not .pai th ^ 
memhership fee in full. Tho se^ m ^^ meetl ng. 
? h ey a wlll°finrf rU^er St enclosod with this latter. 



Any Other Business. 



yours faithfullyt 

H. J. REIFENBERG* 
Hon. S ecretar y. 






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THE CIRCLE . 

Hon. Secretary Hans Meyer 
33, Mountfield Road, N.3. 



2/48 



Dear Member , 



February 13th. 1948. 



The following passage was erroneously omitted in our recent 
report of the Annual Meeting: 

Reifenberg announced that, while retiring from the Oonmlttee , 
he wished also to hand over his post as Honorary Secretary, 
although both posts are not, by strict rules linked up with 
each other. The resignation was accepted, and a vote of thanks 
til his highly appreciated services through the first difficult 
five years unanimously carried. 



Our next Meeting Tuesd ay. Feb. 17th, 6.15 p_.m_._^harjp. 

Thp Circle will meet, contrary to usage, on Feb. 17th. in 
response to the kind invitation by our member Ascher who will 
shoY/ us over an 

Exhibition at the Toy - "»" W^the.mstow . Forest Road, E.17 . 

The' exhibition includes Master Models f or Satellite Towns 
Harlow (Civic Centre) and Knutsf or d- Reconstruction Scheme f or 
Walthamstow; Diagrams and Photos of Blocks of Flats, also from 
other Countries (Switzerland, Stuttgart e.c.) 

Trolleybus 623 (5d) from Manor House Underground. 

Supper will be available after the meeting at a nearby restaurant 

Those not able to attend will kindly not ^ that the exh ibition 
will remain open daily till 9 p.m., until Saturday £LB*. 



Our member Walles passed the S^SO^S^- ° f %e *-**£ 
So did, a few months ago, our member Herrmann. 10 ootn we tfisn 
to convey our sincerost congratulation*. 



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H. Meyer , 
Hon. Secretary, 



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THE CIRCLE 



Hon. Seer. Hans Meyer 
33, kountfield Road, IT, 3. 
Phone FIN 0143. 



Dear Member , 



March 5th. 1948 



Our Last Meeting 



of Feb. 17th. at the Master Model Exhibition at Walthamstow was 
attended by eleven members, despite appalling traffic conditions, 
. As cher and Ochs , the two "Resident Members", added, by way of 
much valuable inside information, to the interest of that 
extremely well displayed exhibition. 



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Future Meetings . 

The studio of our friend Ruhcmann to whom we owe sincere 
gratitude for his hospitality will not be available any longer. 
Until a new permanent home has been found (suggestions are 
invited) several members kindly have offered to receive us at 
their homes. 

We have pleasure in announcing that cur first host will be our 
friend Ernest 5. TRIED:. A" :. We will meet on 

. esday , March 9th, at 6,00 p.m . 

in his Showroom 92, George Street, off Baker Street 

and listen to his talk on "The Development of Interior 
Decoration," 

The problems will then be discussed over the supper-table at 
the Portman Restaurant, Mo. 1, Baker Street. 



ApoloKieo 

to HERRMAKN" whoso Final Examination actually dates much 
farther back than we recently reported. He has , in the 
meantime, become a Roistered Architect and been elected 
A.R.I .L.A. 






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Hans Meyer , 



Hon. Seer, 



THE CIRCLE 

Hon. Secr. Hans Meyer 

33, Mount field Road, N.3, 

Phone Fill 0143. 



4/48 



20th. March 1948. 



Our last Meeting . 

15 members gathered together in Friedmann's cosy Showroom. He had 
ta?en his duties as a host so seriously that he provided ample 
refres^entffor his guests and even afterwards had a table reserved 
at Portman House where 10 toolc their meals - i£" f *i**° n * °£ n ?£ ior 
altitude was his most interesting survey of the History ot interior 
Decoration as seen in the light of his own experiences during half 
a cen?ury, interwoven with many a happy memory of persons, events 
and exhibitions of bygone times. 

Future Meetings . 

There will be no meeting until after Easter that is on Tuesday April 

the 13th. Full particulars will be announced in time. 

Hew Membership . 

receipt of this notice. 
Competition . 

s&sss's as^am ns'sas -jssssh mi 

return the hereunder attached slip. 

(sgd) Hans Meyer , 

Hon. Secretary. 



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Please cut here and return 

Surname and Chr. Name 

Address and Phone No. 

DeGrc o ana Occupation ^^^.T^^^tT^ 

profession" etc. would be appreciated). 




THE CIRCLE 
Hon. Seer. Hans Meyer. 
33, Mountfield Road, N.3. 
Phone FIN 0143. 

The Committee invites all members to participate in a 

COMPETITION FOR A LETTERHEAD OF "THE CIRCLE " • 
Conditions: 

1. The Letterhead is meant for a sheet of 8" width. It shall consist 
• of the words "TH3 CIRCLE" and can be combined with an EMBLEM. It 

must be in one colour and easily printable by line block even on 
bad paper,, The name and address of the Honorary Secretary i3 to 
be included as part of the design, 

2. Entries shall consist of (a) a full size lay-out sketch showing 
also a date and the first few lines of a fictitious letter in 
which a special MOTTO is to be included. 

(b) a finished drawing of the EMBLEM 
(if any) ready for reproduction. 

3. Entries shall reach the Honorary Secretary not later than on 
Saturday,. -' ay 1st , 

4. An accompanying sealed envelope shall bear outside the same 
MOTTO, inside name and address of the competitor. 

5. In order not to loose the opportunity of one single member's 
participating in the competition no individual assessors 
will be appointed. The final decision will be made by the 
members through majority vote during an exhibition of all entries 
at two successive meetings, 

6. A P rize is offered for the chosen design in the form of a Book 

or subscription to a Magazine up to the value of 4 gns . according 
to the wish of the prizewinner. 

7 . The c hosen design will be used in the future . 

8o The Committee trusts every member will make it a point of honour 
to compete to their best ability. A member may submit several 
designs , 

On behalf of the 
General Committee; 




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March 20th. 1948 



(ogd.) Meyer, Rosenthal, Wolfson. 



THE CI R C L : 



6/48 



Hon. Cecr, Hans ?.:eyer 
33, hountfield Road, N.3. 
Phone FIN 0143. 



April 22nd 1948 












Our last M eeting April 13th , 

Seventy listeners, three quarters og them guests, followed, 
at the Courtauid Institute of Arts, attentively Mr. RUKEvJVUN'S 
Lucid lecture on "Cleaning of Old Paintings" which was accompanied 
by many lantern slides showing a cress section of the National 
Gallery Exhibition. A vivid discussion ensured. Our sincere 
pratitudc is due to Mr. Ruhemann. The charming atmosphere of the 
beautiful Adams building lent additional glamour to this Circle- 
Evening. 

Our next Ilcetinfts . 

Loth at our new Permanent Home, iTo. 1. Br oadhurst Gardens, 
Entrance from Grconcroft Gardens, nr. Finchlcy Road Mot. Station. 

1) Tuesdr- , April 27_th. 6.50 p.m . 

Date as announced, but Mr. Rachlis will not then be able to attend. 
Topics of general interest will be discussed. 

2) T uoBday. Vr.y 11th. 6.30. p.m. 

(a) The postponed talk by Mr. RACHLIS on Modern French Art. 

(b) First exhibition of all entries for the Letterhead- 
Competition. Members will vote for the prize to be awarded. 

N ew 1)1 ember . 

We welcome as a new member Mr. R. HERZ , ;of 95, Ashbourne Road, 
..itcham Surrey, introduced by I:r . Lesser. 

Letter head-Competitio n . 

The last day for entries to reach the Hon. Seer, has been ex- 
tended to :.ay 10th . (Letterhead on sheet 8" wide, fxretltao of 
typewritten fictitious letter containing a mo tto , xanolem , ny , 
apart double size, accompanying sealed envelope, outside motto, 
inside name of competitor.) 

Membership Fee s . 

Those in arrears will find a cross to this paragraph. The 
annual fee isl guinea. A voluntary doubling of this amount from 
independent members will be appreciated. 

Hans Mo'yor 



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Honorary Secretary. 



T HE CIRCLE 



7/48 



Hon, Seer. Kans Meyer 

33, Mountfield Read, N.3. 

Phone FIN 0143 



May 15th. 1943. 



Our last Meetings 

Aoril 27th: 10 Members and one guest just "talked shop". Topics 
dis cussed inclu ded Exhibitions, Industrial Design and Craftsmanship, 
Admissibility of Imitations etc. 

Letterhead Comp etition. 

^ssv5&-isM»7=ss! s ass 

Our First Spring Excursion. 

*^a„ r nov ssnfl to Winchester (interesting old To^vn, Cathedral, 

tickets (17/lld). Sandwiches for lunch advisable. Other mc Is v.iii 
be taken at Winchester. V/olfsohn will lead. 



Coll 
Back 





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Our Next Meeting. 

^^.vMfiv 25th. 6. 3 Q.-n-m. at No.1, Broadhurst Gardens 

(a) Report by ROSENTHAL on the British Industries Fair 

(b) Second Exhibition of the Letterhead Competition. 



Hans Meyer 
Honorary Secretary 



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CIRCLE 



8/48 



Hon, Seer. Hans Meyer 
33, Mountfield Road, N.3. 
. Phone FIN 0145. 



Letterhead Competition 



June 4th. , 1948 



The winning entry with the motto "1948" was submitted by HARRY 
ROSENTHAL to whom we extend our hearty congratulations and sincere thanks 
His design scored 7 votes out of 15. Two runners-up , with the mottoes 
"C-in-C." and "Medal" scored 3 each. The non-successful competitors 
are also thanked for their valuable contributions. We look forward with 
satisfaction to producing the new letterhead on our future announcements. 

Our last Meeting May 25th . 

H. ROSENTHAL gave an interesting survey on the B.I.F. Ten members 
attended ?.nd took part in a lively discussion on this new medium of 
artistic expression, its scopes and limitations for the architect. 

Excursion to Winchester I J ay 22nd . 

Four members and two lady guests were met at the station by a 
resident friend, Alexander KURZ whom many of us will remember from 
former times. Our gratitude is due to Kr. Kurz for his hospitality 
at his charming flat and his guidance through many attractive sights 
of "his" town. 

Our next Meetings t at Mo.l. Broadhurst Gardens, at 6.30 p.m . 

1) Tuesday June 8th : F. MARCUS will talk on his experiences as a Teacher 
of Arts and Crafts . 

2) Tuesday June 22nd ; A topic of general intercut will be discussed. 
No further invitation will be issued for this meeting. 

Summer Recess . 

No meetings will be held during July and August. Our best v/ishes to 
all members for cheerful holidays. 

Our next Excursion . 

1) Saturday June 12th ; A joint visit to the Open Air Exhibition of 
Sculpture at .patter sea Park . Meeting at 3 p.i... within the exhibition 
grounds , (Bus 137 froi.. Knightobridge is recommended.) 

2) Saturday July 10th > A visit to Cambridge is planned. This early 
announcement should enable members to arrange in time for their 
participation, with relatives and friends. Cheap return tickets 

(11/8 instead of 15/L1) are available for at least eight persons taking 
part. Further details will be announced in due course. 




Hans Meyer 
Honorary Secretary 



T H "ft CIRCLE 

Hont Seer. Hans Meyer 

33, Mountfield Road, N.3. 

Phone FIN 01U3 



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23rd September, 19U8 
Dear Member, 

It has been found that Tuesday, the usual day for our meetings, 
often coincides with meetings of other professional bodies. So 
doesVednesday which was our day during t^f ^s. ^t has, 
therefore, been decided by the General Committee to noia our 

Future. Meetings o n Thursdays. 

Again the second and fourth Thursday each month will "be f ose ^ n 

that is n.tohRr Mxth and 28th , November 1 th and 2g,th etc. Will 
members please make on advance note xor these days. 






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The Fi rst Meeting after the summer recess ^^ ^ y J*^g of 
conform with tin s new rule and be held on bhe xifth Thursday, 01 
this month, that is 

ThnT»Rday P ?Oth September, 6. ?Q p.m... 

at No. 1, Broadhurst Gardens, near Finchley Road Met. Station, 
our permanent home which, by the way, will V then De newiy 
decorated. The discussion is to be devoted to the 

Planning of th e V/inter Programme* 

The General Committee, in its recent meeting, _ emphasised their 

be able and willing to give such l ectu ^s. A fur tner sugg. 
brought forward deals with exhibitions of works 01 art by inai 
victual members. 
A numeroua attendance at this meeting will be greatly appreciated. 



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Her MQals wo avalUbU 



Hans Meyer 
Honorary Secretary. 




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THECIRCLE 



11/48 



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HANS ME 

)) riOUNTHElD ROAO 
LONDON • N.J 

Ttltpho"* MNthlc, °'«' 



October 7th 1948 



fiiir nevi Letterhe ad^ 

nnc; v-pHdT, in our competition, appears 

The winning entry by Harry MB^tt ^ ° s i uccess of th i S 

for the first time on this announcunen . merits also to 

design was =^ Mainly due .apart irom our nQme) often 

the incidental, introduction of a f a ^ short coming was very 

S^'ilS.^SSd'g^-SofSlou. 3 • that had to accom- 
pany the design. It ran as follows: 

■»„ Clare Voyant, The Hon Secretary, Union of Spiritualist 

Circles, Second Sight Street New City^ invitation, it is 

Dt tr dam, Tr.anl.ing you xor y di the proposed 

Ite regret that 1 ^-^f^t you . ^ non _ descript title 

affiliation. I reaaily jtatttM^ n will n& 

of our Association £ /^nature of 'our interests ..." 

from the :Vbove iexxtn.i.-i«j u* ^ 



fhiT* last MPfttlnp Sept. 50th 



n^r> home has now -been redecorated "by 
Was attended by 14 memb ers^ Our homers ^ fl us 

ro-unf and wafwfrmly 1 congratulated on his achievement. 

0ur recently announced decision to ^ ^-me.tia.s on ^ 

Thursdays has proved re £^embers, accordingly d.cided the 

n ^rSe e to n h! h wlthdrawn ana^esdays' roi d. 

The discussion about f-'n^r activities .romise^a. series ^inter- 



*• .■rfiiie held in iuture, as before, on 
Please note: Meetings will he r.eiu 

T U E S S A Y S _j_ 

,i it the usual turn of 2nd 
not Thursdays, as ™° untl y? nn °™°f Mediately he reintroduce, 
and 4th such days each month cannot ™££g£ ^ , , n d 30th. 
The next dates will he October l^h^o ^ followc d again. 
From December 14th onwards the old nu 

7 ^T^Tat So.l, Broadhurst «», near Vinchley 

Sl|^m^nrentl-an^ *from'oreencroft ,. on 



Tussfiaxi_2fili-i2fi^- fi ' 52 - E » as 



.. »nr fiOMF^ITION, in which he and 
jAKiTZKI will report on the l^^m^. petition arou 

Me>"mb,.r ^"^out ofes.siona. contested by 

uncommon irr ' tQ , 

83 entries which v»ex-c exniuxo 

Guestg ^rci_^Llcome 



Hgjtjneals_J ilS-iiXiiil^--' ] £ 
[eyer 




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THEC1RCLE 



12/48 



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H o n o r a * t itonAH 

HANS MEYER 

33MOUNTFIELD ROAD 
LONDON N . 3 

T.l.phon. FINchl.y CIO 



October 23th 1948 



Our last Meeting , Oct, 19th 

waq devoted to the T. U. C. Memorial Building Competition. The number 
of entries by the way, was 187, not 83 as erroneously given in our 
SLSSSSSSAwMEc'diBCi inning design and a few oth. , 

Sdwrolaliied his own. So did REIFENBkRG, also a competitor, in the 
ensuing discussion. 15 members attended. 



M November Snd;_ The theme will be - 

The Bri t ! : []li2iilii n - n in Copenhagen. 

,,r. f.l. «.»—«! i sx ) ss«ftrt.s n * 

talk ° n The Planni n g Process, 



^J^m^mm^^f^^ ^ S c ^er O l^ S pa C r ticS!; r s to follow. 

dates will bu November 30th ana ^comuci x - w " 

Hot meals aro available. 



Guests are welcome . 



An Exhibition is pi, .mod of Works of Art, other than arehitoctural 
designs, ty wwkr under the heading. 

^ Architects' Sidcl jn^jmd Hohhies".. 



lo us, resulted in" memhers f^^Vmore ™eh c ' 

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13/48 

HONOH * V HCMTAH 



HANS MEYER 

33MOUNTMEID ROAD 
LONDON N . 3 

T.l.phon. HNtMey 0143 



November 22nd 1948 



It is with dee, regret that we have to report the death of our 
esteemed member ^ ^ ^^ 

„ , n- i Tbp aeath occurred some time ago hut 
ral-nrmkaeU^to^s^t^rfce^ly. ave sent a ictter 

condolence to the widow. 



of 



At our la eji^.^LJlL J -^-iJ-I^— 

• -ic^ +n hear ta] rom distin/ui. I E lsh 

ibers wer. privileged to h arxa >t on 

ate. Cn November 8nd to. P '^^% ibi tion, also on 
Cp^enhagen in relation to ^ ^|ii --^cT^r -*d 

BtSBfeolm, and covered a wide fi _ ^ The diG _ 

■o^i^rTations as a oournalist M> &R0SSj foinu? rly 

S^enla, 1 ! oV^LTSi" .Replaces. 

OojMbaJ^ Mr. ^ ^^nc S^ 

He-outlined, in r s £i 1 w stcve na g e Tc 

Pl^^-LX". Jorea rL?iy interested audience. Both. 

plSR which he laid before a ftign. th| ^ nsuing 

sceptical and ■•ncoungmg opinion: ,. 

dii l 2 n ° v . .o attended by 14 each, including 4 and 3 guests 

Both ra tings were attendee jy 



resp. 



Our next two i. lu tings 

j «. ^nrrinr-p from Greencroft Gds. , 

w ^ r,rk v;ho is now working '..i J i- 
A) »nv,^r 30th: Our member *- V ;^ M eana H.Nicteon and is to 
arehite cts Prof, ^ir Patrick Ah ere. omb xe ana .^ y;ill 

ST^oSSSKS 'fWandVi^ * • «* 

^iflin ff in the Tropics. 

ts dtthwant* will lead a discussion on 
B ) Timber 14th: Our member F. RUHEWLTO rfliJ. 

Sound Proof il- 



Gucstc- Mre welcome. 

These oft-repeated words should be intc £™ "^"g 
*£»* . m f ^trfannoun^nt- - m for- 
ward themselves, . 



TTo further ■mnouric-.n^.nt 

nrw-o 'tor which th r< will be a 
ia de for above t\.o meetings, 



will be m: 
Ohrj 



until Janu iry lit! . 



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THECI 




H O N O R A IIV SECRETARY 



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HANS MEYER 

3 j HOUNTFUIO ROAD 
t O N D O N N . 3 

T.lephon. fINchl.y 0M3 



December 20 th 1948 






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Our las-t '■icctin.Qjs 

/-- -u -« *rv+>^ « q-n-Pi r-inr from "bronchitis f our 

qn-T'-c'erinrr (november oOtnj . ounami , . . ' ii,- 

SSoxcu »" ^tfn^iioii Ucndod'only 

Suffering from a * h ( n ot including the Hon. Seer.) who 

b af tr/rn!creup S of n eof e fe r o icon disused. So did the fog next 
day. 

m ..,,,- k sftsrsss r" 

initiated "by RU : . tA - • 



Th e Circle will he deprived of^the °PP°rtun ty ^-^ 
postponed talk hy our me a herB.RK onT* ^ t erj p 

£ rS t intend i 1 ^ t>od- S poed for his mport- 

ant and interesting 



The Annua I Qcncr :.i 1 " 1 o e t i r. ' 

will he held on .Tnm.nrv 11th. A foimr.1 invitation v.ill ho 

issued in due course . 

Motions for amendments of the ^^aowl^eotiS. ^ney 

^rth^^eVin°lL t h^ n of\h^Honor,r y S.er.tar y 

not later than 

Tter.isrribor 27 th. 



a tv/o thirds' majority to be passed. 

^^; t fo C f e ?ro n !u!ef •'■ l b eet°fo ^ost^ons 

.amendments oi one Kuieo, ^^ - w 

Elections of five -mho- of the Committed tt*^*^ 
&T ^e n !isfs ? ^'hr S enf ou^rogether v,ith the invi- 

tationGc ____ 



No second meeting will be held in Doc^hv r. V/o wish all 
members a Merry Chri and a Happy Nev, .c 

Hi ns Meyer 
Honorary Sccr t 



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15/ 

HONO***Y SCC ^ CT » f^V 

HANS MEYER 

33MOUNTFIELD ROAD 
LONDON N.I 

Telephone MNchley OlO 

December 61st 1943 
r^itoHn. for tim Annual ^ne rajjtgl t^ of The Circle . 

at HQ.1, Broadhurst GO,,, near Finchley Bd. Tub, Station. 

*^ J' 8& g the SSS^^SSi Honorary Auditor (Ascher) , 
and discharge of the Honoi try Secretary. 

I". SecUon'o: 'members of the Counittee. 

15. Any other business. 

Ad (alMotiiZ The following motion has been tabled by the memhero 
A ' ' Meyer , ' R osenthal and Wolfsohn: 

"That Para 6 of the Rules b amended to t 
effect that the ouorua for the validity ol 
lecisions at Seneral ('lectin , concerning 
alteration: of the Kul. e I f ***» two 

thirds to one half of the ra 

^^jy.ectionci Five members of ^ Co, ^^^^^f^keffor 
/it: -^ a -^riel^?S, Meyer, l^.u^na) re to * i -\^,,,. ntll ..i > '.olfrohn, 
another year. The five other. I J it -~i. f ots±oe , 

■Walles, Herrmann) are to r Rafter two consecutive 

ryea^te^rwaixes^as^ • £ Bernnann is eligible again. 

Enclosed are: a list of all members eligible, and two 
envelopes. Proceed as follows. 

,„ +b ,, llst aaalnst the names of those five 
(a^ Put a cross in the 11-^ a„uj.i years. 

B^tS o & o ^ B 5^s- •» ^" — — «- s 

are not, 

(1,) Slip list into the smaller envelope, seal, but do not 
mark outside. 

(C ) Put this envelope, and_a^li^w lt ,h your nam e, into tl 

larger envelope ana ceal. 



"" a 4.« +4 -nri this important mating so 

Members arc urgently guested to a tte*d £is m 
that the minimum number O: 22 may 

Hans Meyer 

Honorary Secretary. 



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THEC1RCLE 



15/4 3 

HONORARY SEC 



HANS MEYER 

)3 MOUNTFItLD ROAD 
LONDON ' N.I 

Tel. phone FINchley 0143 



<0 

As ° D December 3ist 1948 

Invit ation ior the Annual Gei j >ral ;:eoti nfi; of The Circle 
on Tuesday,, Jan uary. 1 1th 1949, 6 ,o0 ^.n. 
at No.l, Broadhurst Gds. , near Finchlcy Rd. Tube Station, 

Agen da; 1. Report "by the Honorary Secretary. 

2, Report by i lc specially appointed Honorary Auditor (Ascher) , 
and discharge of 1 H >n try Secretary. 

3. Motions by members. 

4, Election of five mem'bers of the Committee. • 

5. Any other business. 



Ad (5) Motions: The following motion has been tabled by the members 
Meyer, Rosenthal and Wolfsohn: 
ii 

"That Para 6 of the Rules b amended to t 
effect that the ouoru i dv the validity of 
decisions at General Meetings concern!' 
alterations of the Rules be r from two 
thirds to one half of the members ". 

Ad (4) Elections; Five members of the Committee (Ascher, E'reud, 
Priedmann, Mey r, Ruhemann) .ire to remain in office for 
another year. The five other- (•: i:i, Rosen th L, rolfsohn, 
Walles, Herrmann) are to resign after tw rs of of fie , 
The first thr i now elj ible after two consecutive 
2-year terms, Walles has resigned, Herrmann is eligible tgain. 

Enclosed are: a list of all members eligible, and two 
envelopes. Proceed as follows; 

(a) Put a cross in the list against the names of those five 
you wish to be on the Committee for the next two years. 
Lists with less than 5 crosses are valid, with more than 5 
are not. 

(b) Slip list into the smaller envelope, seal, but do not 
mark outside. 

(c) Put this envelope, and a sli^ vith your na j.K , into the 
larger envelope and seal. 

(d) Either: place this envelope on the table at the election, 
- or: post it to the Hon. Seer, who will act for- you. 



Members are urgently requested to attend this important meeting so 
that the minimum number of 22 may be reached. 

Hans Meyer 
Honorary Secretary. 



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1/49 



4ANS MEYER 

J3MOUNTFIELD ROAD 
LONDON H.I 

T.l.phon. FINehlty 0143 



January 17 til 19-9 



V^MS^k3^SikMSSi^& Qf ^ mepilv ,, [: ,. The Honorary 

the Balance Sh t^V - - _ cro ^ 

th n v pi , a for an amendment o1 * f this 

Votes of than ^ onmit1 ^norary Secretary. 

resigning i ' L.™ Cornmi tt , J * w " 

v ,olfsohn fro„ the Inner ^^ 25 t gg 

,or the potion °f -v- ,,..._ | — 

Herrmann -J-- 

Rachli 

Scfcoendor i 1o 

+ ^ri tv>e nominationo 
rn elected memhers have a°ceptea .- e 1op 

another 
Ruhemann. 



Our_ne^t_neetin£ at Ho. 1, Broadhurst Gardens. 

,,,, be held Jnru_^iIU. 6 '°° p,m " tlrce menhers, 

™] Ueetinsi The amendment | A vote c , n 

r e ffiasis-. - -7^ from t , 

■- n "Development o 
wi th special refer nc Hot meal^^re_availS^2 i . 



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rontri"bationri ^,.,,-M-itc an early p: 

coniiJ: v/onia . T> , . unount re- 

m ains half guinea p. u. 

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2/49 

unNOHARY UCUTMT_ 

n^U S NTF,^D Y *OAD 
LONDON N ' * 

T.I.Rhon. FlNchl.y 0143 

February 3rd 1949 



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~ SER a nd — * have = ggint.* J-J^ Conduct t*e 

H^nnvirv Secretary, Tine -w 
tionoi^ 1 ^ ^ -, r-|->c. Circle'* 

^,T.Tfint affairs 01 ifce 011 



to form, together with the 




0ur_l21. t _^SiiIlS^-i--i- attended by 9 members. 

scope of the privn 
future . 



ct of several memhurs the ai 
At the request oi s^ 

which was started at 
continued. 

Hans Meyer 
Honorary Secretary 



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3/49 



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HONORARY SECRETARY 

HANS MEYER 

33MOUNTFIELD ROAD 
LONDON N.3 

Telephone FINtMty 14 3 



February 16th 1949 



Our last Meeting. February 8th, 

Further questions relating to Sound Proofing were eagerly and 
profitably discussed despite the small attendance of only seven. 



Our next Meetings, both Tuesda ys at 6.50 pom. 

at No.l, Broadhurst Gardens, nuar Finchley Road Tube Station: 

A) February 22nd: We arc glad to announce another talk by our member 

Max Lossos 

whose previous lectures on heating questions are still well re- 
membered. He will, this time, speak on District Heating, 

B) March 8th: A topic of general interest will be discussed. Members 
are' requested to suggest and prepare any such topics in advance. 

No further announcements will be made for above two meetings. 
Guests are welcome. 



Important a nd urgent. 
Exhibition "Architects' Sidelines and Hobb ies". 

The plan of an art exhibition by members found, on its first 
announcement October 23th 48, an immediate response in the way of 
numerous preliminary offers, and is now to be definitely shaped. 

Members are requested to enter their works on the enclosed quest- 
ionnaire as early and as comp letely as possible., 

in this questionnaire a tentative, though certainly not exhaustive 
enumeration of any conceivable type of art is given. The return 
should show the number of available works under the different 
headings. 

or subject-matters (portraits, architecture etc.). 

Architectural designs would fit in the scheme only on account of 
their artistic representation. 

Any exhibition will be private nn.i shown only at our meeJAn^-^ 

V.r\ c. 1 o s e d que r, t i uim a i re . 

Hans Meyer 

Honorary Si ■■■ ' iry 






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H ANS Mt'ER 

MOUNTflELD ROAD 
LONDON • M.I 

T«l. Phone MNehl.y 0143 



March 16th 1949 



Our last Meetings* 

mimIX _ s2Ml Our me m ber MAX LOWS gave a tbgffffl 55SK&* 

^\Sli,^^ S ^t«I^/ a n d T^sL, only B -here. 



March 8th?_ 



5 members discussed professional matters. 



Our next. Meeting. 

■f-w,^ There will be rinjn ■ - + i " " n " " nrch 2 ^" d ' 
No date has yet been "•-"• J 1 "^ 1\{ X commltteTTiirTT. , t on that 
as first intended. Instead the ^ n ^ d ^^ gainst , the disturbing 
aecl^in^lentncf afsho^by ^ above V- -test figures, 
also that of 7 on February 8th. 

Our Tuesday meetings coinciding with lectures^ otherbod^ , , .g. 
the R. I.B.A. , have been sugge-tea <.s p er maJ 

attendances. Also a later hour, say 8 to 10 ^.^ ^.^ t ,, 

XVJSK.^M the Co™nitt : _ :: tin ! ____ 



Reminders. 

X) ^onn^for the V^^^^Z^^T^^^^ 

Members arc requested to reiuiu 

convenience. 

2 ) Annu^l^oMriiution (Half Guinea toprj^gg^"-*",^ 



Personal. . 

Our — fti.HOB.Hn. M.Inst.R.A. , has heen elected Licentiate 



of the R. I. B. A. 



Hans Meyer 
Honorary Secretary 



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j/49 



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H ONQHA.HY SKHTAH 

HANS MEYER 

33MOUNTFIELD ROAD 
LONDON N.3 

Telephone FINchley 0143 



Anril 4th 1949 



The General Committee 

met on March 22nd. Nine of the ten members attended. Ways and means 
were discussed to overcome th. Lately observed drop in a"^™® . 
and slackening of members' interest m the activities of The Circle,, 
Two important measures have been adopted; 

(1^ MEETING So 

In order to facilitate attendance, meetings will he held tentatively: 
a) once a month only^ . ,, 

from 8 to 10 pTm. (Those wi have their meals on the 
premises meet an hour curlier.) 

not on Tue sdays at which day most other professional bodies hold 
theTr" lectures.' Our days will be fixed individually and announced 
well ahead. 



(c) 



(2) ANNUAL PIKUBR. 

In order to create a special occasion to which all members may feel 
equally attracted a new feature is to be introduced in our activities, 

a Social Gathe r Ith L; idie! 

which is being planned for Friday J,:/ ,20th, 7.30 p.m. The entrance 
fee will be 7% each which will not cover t ual costs, as wine 
ant other commodities will be provided at t of the Circ le 

treasure. - The programme, apart from tne dinner, may include (a) the 
long planned exhibition "Architects' Sidelm ind Hobbies , (b a 
Cabaret, ( c) a "Brains Trust", and is to bt supplied entirely by 
members.' - This preliminary not. will be followed in aue course by 
a precise programme and invitation. 

We appeal to all members to help make this our first social event 
a success: Write ~o7~hc^e and make suggestions. - Offer your contri- 
bution ana reveal your (or ne ) talents ^ hitherto un- 
known to us, as musicians, performers, artistes. - Return the exhi- 
bition questionnaire. - Make a note of the day and invite your ladies, 
relatives and friends. 



Our next M A inq 



will be held Wednesday A^ril 13th. 8 Poiru (note r of day and hour!) 

at No!?, Broadhurst Gardens, nearWhley Road Tub, Station. 

REIFENBERG will talk on Town Planning with special reference to 

Road Planning. 






Hans Meyer 
Honorary Secretary 



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6/49 



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HONORARY StCMTAH 

HANS MEYER 

JJ HOUNTFItlO ROAD 
LONDON N.J 

Telephone FINchley 143 



April 25th 1949 . 



Our last Meeting April 13th. 

REIFENBERG explained with great knowledge the basic rules of Road 
PlanninF, as derived from experience and observation (surprisingly 
alike in different countries), scientifically developed and stand- 
ardised. The practical importance of these rules for every planner 
was emphasised by the lively debate and many further questions 
asked. The attendance was 9, including 1 guest* 



Our next Meeting 

will be held at No.l, Broadhurst Gds. , Wednesday, May 11th, 8.00 p.m 
Our member RUDOLF FRANKEL F. R. I. B. A. who has had many opportunities 
in this country to build factories ( cf . Architects' Journal 14.4.49, 
Architectural Review April 49) will discuss 

Industrial Building. 



Annual Dinner. 

The Circle will hold, in its seventh year, its first "annual" dinner. 
?he fecial committee will do all in their power to make it a success 
but it will defend mainly on the response of the members whether the 
prefixe "annual" will be deserved in the future. 

Special invitations will be sent out shortly. In the meantime please 
make a note of the date 

Friday May 20th. 



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Membership. 

u'r. Ten STRASS a structural engineer who recently reached this 
^'mtrv after escaping from Jugoslavia has applied for membership 
oHntroduction by SisER. Except for objections by any member he 
will be a^Uted by the General Committee in due course. 









-■ ■ 



Hans Meyer 
Honorary Secretary 






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THECIRCLE 



HONORARY SECRETARY 



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HANS MEYER 

)) MOUNTFULO ROAD 
LONDON N.3 

Telephone FINchley 0143 



The Annual Dinm -v_ 30th May 1949 

was attended "by 56 persons, exactly half of them ladies. 24 members 
were present, 17 with their wives. Other guests totalled 1! . 

The Dinner. 



Our social meeting, thi fir L1 hind, was styled "Annual Dinner' 1 , 

of course in anticipation of many h a returns. he "believe that, 
in doing so, we 1 .ve not been over-opti bic. b pe confident 
tliat all the 56 persons who attended v/il ally remember thj 

occasion. The banqueting room of "Goldhur " just 

large enough to accomodate the gay party. The dinner and t] ine 
gave satisfaction to everybody, and ill entertain re fully 

ipreciated. 
RACHLIS, in short speech, welcomed the gu< 1 and gave his obser- 
vations about "Architect P Lnti /an a a, h IDY2R 
stanzas had inaugurated the- menu deliver i very fu uodlibet in 
"Spoonerisms", 3M ' ._ , PRUUD and RACHLIS 
made the "3rains Trust" a source of lau p. HUHEMAHN performed 



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t sue ful dis- 



his sketch "How to be an Unbloody Alien" in 

guise and brought the house down r ly. 

There wai gen r 1 igrccment that thj new feature of annual dinners 

is an excellent means of . tr n t c tioi tin t make up our 

"Circle", and deserve very encouragement. Let us hop< that the 

Annual Dinner has come to stay' 

G. J i. 



Postscriut: 



So many visitors have asked for a cooy oh the above mentioned 
"Spoonerisms" t] it wc have had them duplicated and ire adding c. copy 
to this report. The Circle would pociate . voluntary contri- 
bution of about l/6d to the extra cost thus incurred, to be sent 
P. 0. or in stamps to the Hon. Seer. - Thank you. 



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^AS.^ N 



The K-rhibition 



HONOKAH Y SECRETARY 

MANS ME 

3J HOUNTF.ELD ROAD 
LONDON • N I . 3 

T «,ephon« FlNchl.T 0M3 



Annual Dinner Pare 2. 



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There are architects who do PJ^^^Iinitio^nnd 6 take their 

are others who strongly reject this - « ^ tur . a profcS sion. There 

painting just as » e ?»« B g_ a ^ en they will have done with 

ot"» even those who long for the auy .. +helr liver, to ^ure art. 

frchtlecture and can devote , th rest c ^^ 

This was the gist of tl e wtcr " n ^ high degree. In 

SK M Sf-^'S«^SSS y ^ S -y of the exhibitors this 

remark might not have appli* d. ^ 

The exhihition included works hy ten -*>««, ^Sffl 1 ^ not 

r-o-ed SgiE -frtSn SSl«P l5 their small oi.es and 

fnmilv tradition. .. hifTh nU -lity oi' his lithor, ol 

SsHtt was no surprise since the high qu. y^ ie u to0 ,. 
which he exhibited a ^v/ (portraits -i standard from 

Nor did on^ejpert ^f^lnall Ser of hi, i- 

RACHLIS who showed an all too - L1 ^, h displayed also 

With a characteristic ge^tureM ^ P^ ^ Wf . 



»5K -Si SST-S - ^ve -at his style 

Sav have changea, hut never his ^^ties. collection 

The other tun m 










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7/49 



THECIRCLE 



^RS-V^ 



<0 



HONORARY SKMTAill 

HANS MEYER 

3JMOUNTFIELD ROAD 
LONDON N.3 

Telcphon. FINchley M3 



June 8th 1949. 



Our last Meeting, tiav 11th, 

Franhcl had, at the 1-t moment to ] cancel ^^ ^Industrial 
Building, but those attendinc, 11 P-r.on„,^ « Ghor test notice, 

were hardly disappointed, for FHEUD and ™ her ' important topic: 

^ Architect?" ^tiefin Advising the Client on the Purchase of a 
Property"* 

Jus t the same morning two or those present *£.£*?**£*£? 
reouest by a solicitor who ^nted to .mow dec i in ed and now 

client intended to buy that very °"ernoon^ . ich emphas isea 

found their attitude amply ustif led by the d l cu ^.^ Such 

the multiplicity of l^^^XllVlTlTstl which cannot be executed 
^a-g.*^^^^^-^^^. such as plumbers, elect- 

ricians etc* . 



Our nc::t Meeting. 

wlll ,e held at No.l, Broadhurst Ode., Vfednesday, .Tune ! 5th, 8 p.m .. 

It is to be devoted to p ^ nr , Sculpt ure,. 

TMs new art branch which is ol : specif interest ^ ^m^nyof^r 

^iSST-ZS ^^^llo^r/partner 

GEORGE SKOLIMOWSKI 
Senior Assistant at the Polish School of A ^itecture, Ig****^ 
is carrying on this "°f V 7n^KI show some original works and 
££: S^o"S*S3£u3F ^hfspot of tK^uflJSMI*. 
Guests are welcome, - _________ 



New Membership 

We have pleasure in welcoming as J-^^ff *"*V 
application was announced in our. l-st circu 

plications for membership have been received by^rs. Helen P^| 

who wishes to re-join The Circle , m ucod b y F. A. Ruhem a nn 

Edgar HOOT, * & &**!£ MkttSd Unless objections reach the 
and E*Friedmann. Bo oh will do aunixu 
Hon. Seer, in due course. 

Hans Meyer 
Honorary Secretary 



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HANS MEYER 

33MOUNTFIELD ROAD 
LONDON N . 3 

Telephone HNchley 0143 



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June 30th 1949 



Our last Mp p+.^p; 15th June 

wa8 devoted to ^pi^PlasU-^^^^ran counted^uding 
fe^'asTl 5SS^»S SSKESnS tb.'-n room at our 
disposal. 

«<„ wot TMCV'/SKI who showed us the technique 
Both guest speakers, Mr. SKOLMOWoKl ^no d ltnes ? . nd Mr. 

of this new art with ^tonishing kill toov ,, ledge a nd insight 

OSIKCKI who did "all the t..iKinfe ^rowhout the evening, 

kept the audience m close *^ e ^°£ s ^Xproved the high artistic 
Numerous Photos, received ^,itftenthu8xaan,_.i ^ tQ0 

*oSy,°tr"a fo^s^e^M oT authorship to most of the 

works. 

Bumour has it that many a new ^o^tion ^^-J^^o^ontea 

worthy member'ar^tec^en^ged In commercial design. 

p a perscul P t f e has alsc , been developed i--y -g^ -» ** 

children's toys, as sh °:™ ^ * ° °*t t0 ^ found in "Studio' 1 , some 
House Press). Other ^S a ^°^ r ^° B ^e issues of "Display", 
throe years ago, Graphic m xv<±v — 



Our next Meeting 

Ijr^wctn HTRSOHMAHK ^nm Argentine, 

a structural engineer who at present is in London and wo^ld like to 

meet continental colleagues. Ho is preparea xo b i 

Building Conditio ns in Argentine. 

This is another instance »* ttojto^rt™^^^!}^,,, 

SSI rwould^r^^eciaterifVemhers 3 oined our guest lor 

supper an hour earlier. 

H B: The management of B^dhurst Hall^ave informed - ^the^house 

is now fully licensed and hot meaxs art ava* 

5/0 plus service-charge, ____ — 



Nov/ Memhers. 

We welcome, according to their applications as promulgated recently: 

Mrs. Helen PARNBS of 28, Leeland Way, N.W.10. 

and Edgar HOENIG, L. P. I. B. A. , M. Inst.R. A. , of 15, Belsize Pnrk.N. W.S. 



Summer Recess * 

No meeting, will he held in August and September ft > wish all our 

members pleasant holidays and to me. t 

Honorary Sc iry« 






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HONOR A * T WCMTAU 
MEYER 
33 HOUNTFULO ROAD 
LONDON N . 3 

T«l«phon. FINchlty 143 



Sept cm-be r 14 th. 1949 






fhiT* future ^p-fitinp; Place 

wi n J again, a, in ^ % years /ffl £SgBg, ^ ^ . 1.1- 

Square. We trust me 'H'vo^ t refuge, and 

surroundings who ce, , ^"esy. Meetings .ill start at 

fp^as*) ^Vovlslon'" for refreshments to he 

served. Guests are &2 mj[aj^lsaS^ 



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Our next Meeting. 

- -^„ flB y 2 1st SQPt ..JLJ-1, ,1^- S*JkIfc£. 

Hnt , the firs t of th( session, should he taken as a 

"! n ^l\& Part^wMeh memhers certainly will. celebrate hy 

Mr. g. H. K. ICTRIOH 

as =«? sjsar jssss sw s-jsss^ s- lb " 

ARTIST AND CLIENT 
in the light of his experience,, and shev. illustrations of his worfc. 



Our last Meeting; 



ontheloth,uxy wa.s P eciall *-* « Jrog -, 

compared, eleven attended, including two guests. 



on hehalf of Th.e Circle to , • mh, > y ^ ; 

■become engaged to be married. 

Hans Meyer 
Honorary S< cr ;ary 



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10/49 

HANS MEYER 

33MOUNTFIEIO ROAD 
LONDON N.3 

T.l.phon. FINchley 0143 



October 1 ,th 1949 



sSrr-ouiiIings! ePtUmber PP0V8d ° VCry 3UCcessful n ™ beginning in old 

Mr. F.H.K. HENRION whose very name had attracted ny as 31 

attending (the guests, this tine, outnumbering the members by one) 
gave some highly enlightening disci D the co-o^cration 

between the poster designer (he objected to the term artist) and hi- 
departments. ^ particular case > werc mostl y governmental 

His explanations werc accompanied by a welter of hie fine works to 
bo°th «^auti^l.- S ^r''good«r SClf " to] °^alcin s poster 



Our next Meetin g 

will be Wednesday 19th October 8 p.m. at 17A. Bclalsc Soui r . 

Mr. J. HUR3T has kindly promised to give a short talk to introduce 

a discussion on 

Damp Proofing 
in new and existing buildings. 
Guests are v/elcorv . Refreshments are available 



Our next dates 



which should be noted in advance, will be in all probability: 

16th Nov., 14th Dec., 11th Jan (Ann. Gen.Meetg.) 
all on Wednesdays at 8 p.m. at No. 17A, Belsize Square. 



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HONORARY SECRETARY 



HANS MEYER 

3) HOUNTFIEID ROAD 
LONDON N . 3 

Tclephon. FIN chl.y 143 



5th November 19 49 




Our last Meeting, 19th O ctober 

had a scanty attendance of only 7 members. The others have missed 
a great opportunity of learning a rood deal of both long approved 
and newly aevelopod moans of waterproofing. 

I!*. HURST, supported by his colleague :!r. YOE, »oth^all too modestly 
reluctant to mention their connection with Messrs, TRLiO-L ^to. , 
pointed out the value of Bitumen solution, which leaves pure bitumen 
after evaporation, in preference to emulsions. 

Other useful information included: Any grounding to be as hard as 
the rendering on it. - Add waterproofing ingredients to the ™>rtar 
for pointing. - Transparent waterproofing emulsions are not durable. 
Exudation of salts and other chemicals in the soil demand special 
attention, Flotton bricks thereby tending to throw oix rendering, ■ 
brickwork end concrete under ground level suffering much damage. - 
Good keying of plaster to brickwork is not sufficient: suction is 
also necessary. 






Our next Meeting 



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ill be Wednesday, l6th November , 8 p.m., at l^. Belsizo Square 



Our members OCHS and FRIEDMANN, back from visits to Germany, are 
eager to recount their experiences and impressions from 

F rankfurt, Heidelberg a nd Berlin.. 



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Our next dates 



are fixed for December 14th, and January 11th (Annual General 
Seeting), both Wednesdays at 8 p.m. at No. 1?A, Iclsize Square, 
(Office of F.A.Ruhemann). 



Nans !'ioyor 
Honorary Socrotary 



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12/49 



HONOIAIY JfCRFTARY 



HANS MEYER 

3JMOUNTFIELD ROAD 
LONDON N.3 

Telephone FINchley 0143 

6th December 1949 



It is with deep regret that we have to report the sad death of 
the wil'e oi' our member ASCHER. Our most sincere sympathies go out 



to the "bereaved. 



Our last I l ee ting , 
— — 

fixed for the 16th November, was cancelled at shortest notice - 
involving 17 telephone calls - owing to severe fog warning by tl 
weather forecasters, in memory of unplei at experiences from last 
year. - The night was clear and lovely! 

The meeting took place a week later, the 23rd November, An unusually 
large audience, 14 members and 8 bs, heard with great interest 

reports by OCIIS and FRIEEMANN Vbout their impressions gained on 
recent visits to Frankfurt, Darmstadt, Heidelberg and Berlin. 

Both speakers, on the whole, confirmed what most of us believed to 
know already, from partially irretrievable losses to distinct sign 
of recovery. 

Ochs mentioned certain political aspects and recounted the absolute- 
inability of those . - met to grasp the meaning oi "Total Guilt . 

Priedmann dwelled more on what he called "Bauliches und Erbauliches" 
(the latter not to everyone's nlearure). He cited well- informed 
articles to the effect that in Berlin, around a totally rum 
centra, perhaps doomed never to b stored, arise belt ol i 

prospering satellite towns, former suburbs such as Neukoclln, 
Tempelhof, Dahlem and others. The old Leipziger Strassc i. shilted 
to Schloss-Strasse in Steglitz. 



igns 



Our next Meeting 

is to be held Wednesday. 14th December, 6 p.m . No. 17a, Tel-ire Square 

It will be devoted to 1 

L. C. Cc Concert Hall. 

Our member RUDOLF KRANKBt will give a critic 1 survey of the design 
and lead a discussion on this abject. A few extra copies of recent 
publications supplied by member:-, would be welcome. 



Letter from Africa. 

Victor F. BERK, Salisbury, South- Rhodesia, who went out there early 
this year, has written to one of our memb. rs. He has J^st complutud 
master-plans for Bulawayo and two other towns, each with o to 4000 
white and 6000 black inhabitant-.. Work ha i already s1 rtod, Archi- 
tectural designs are also sujplied by his offic. , t i tan oi 
8 employees, including two of his children. A mote ■ trip 1 h 
Mozambique to Cape Town where the rest of aii Lar i family cam< to 
loin him was like an expedition over difficult tj : 

Berk sendo his greetings to all col] ; u r 

he still consid. r« him: . If to be. ffl in our t 

v.i :. and c< al itions on his ;ucc< 

Honor i 















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13/49 

HONOKARY SECRETARY 



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HANS MEYER 

33MOUNTFIEID ROAD 
LONDON N.3 

Ttliphom FINchley 0143 



39th December 1949 



Our la s t Meet inn: , December 14th 

uac attended "by o guests and 9 members. FRANKEL outlined several 
pects of the L. C. G. CONCERT IL-iLL design which had met with much 
criticism, including the: : 

The SITE on the South Bank, squeezed in between two bridges, without 
pleasant surroundings or background, away from typical London West End 
amenities, is bound to restrict the enterprise in future to a mere 
local importance. 

The ENTRANCE on one side will not easily be found by visitors or 
accessible to motorists. 

The HEIGH T of the "building involves the lowest :e; t ts of the stalls 
to be 28 ft. , those of the circle 66ft. above entrance level, with no 
lifts or escalators being provided. 

The SHAPE of the auditorium, an unimaginary square, is not convinc- 
ingly defended by acoustic considerations. 



Recent Works by I.i embers: 

FR IED?: ANN ; R. Cottam 1 s Snack Bar ana Cafe 7 Re t urant, 14/16, Queensway, 

Bayswater, newly decorated and furnished. 

RACHLIS : Shop for Messrs. Hunt & Jinterbotham, New Bond Street, 
(nr, Piccadilly) , published in Architects' Journal and "Architect 

Building News", 

FREUD : Block of three flats, Downside Crescent, nr, Belsize F irk, 

REIFENBERG is co-operating with Mr. G. Grenfell Baines in the design 
"of the Industry Hall for the Festival of Brit; in 1951, His name was, 
in publications, mis-spelled: "Reisenberg", 

This paragraph is planned to st irt a per Lt ure of our circul 

letters. Current information on work in hand or completed, including 
recent publications, will be welcomed. 

Our future Meetings 

will again take place in Broadhurst Hall, 

No.l, Broadhurst Gd:- e T N. '.V. 6, ne ar Pinchley Road Tube Station 

v/here the small dining room on the ground floor has been made 
available. Members .vho wish to take their m« Is ther< (prices ranging 
from 3/C to 5/0 plu ervice charge) arc advised tc m hour 

before the beginning oi" the meetings* 

V/e wish to express again our sincer titude to RUHEMANN for his 

hospitality during the last i mont] • ana the trouble he ha ti ken 
every time to i i"b< r in I u< 'at home ''. 

Han 

Hon i3 ry 



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HANS M 

33MOUNTFIELD ROAD 
LONDON N.3 

TtltphoM FINchltr 0M3 

January 26th 195c 




The Ann ual .flgnpral Meeting;. _ .January, lltJU 

was attended by 14 members. The Honorary Secretary read the following 

Report fo.r__134-.9i. 

Membership; We started with 30 members. Three were newly admitted, 

bringing the number to 33, as in 1948. 

Contributions: The basic rate of * guinea, voluntarily to be doubled 
W those i Bep end ent, remained unohan.od.13 members (14 in 1 9 4P) 
paid the higher contribution. Tour o.re outstanding 

activities: An "Annual Dinner", ^e first after the foundation in 
1943755 held in Way. -56 persons attended half of them ^ica. 
Attached w_a an Art Exhibition "Architects' Sidelines and .obbles 
to which ton Members contributed some hundred drawings, P^ntings, 
woodcu^s/photos etc. - lather JJojj ir.jo , f our otter win guest 
sneakers took place, first at . roadnurst hall, the lost four at 
RShemnnis stud?o. .nen the Committee in Harch decide to reetrlot 
the number of meetings to one each month and post, one tw© be innin 
until 8 I m the attendance showed an improvement against the 1. 

frnn ^ members with 10 to 13 attendances (3 ' /lth lx ) t0 ' { ?> " 

i. 5(8) members never put in an appearance. 



with just one attendance. 5 (3) 

Secretary which was carried. 

votes o f Thanks -wore oxprceuod to all menfcere of the Committee 

resigning. 

A Motion by WOLFSOHN, seconded by FRIBDMAHH, was carried by 11 votes 

against 3 . 

"The Annual Contribution is One Guinea. It may be paid 
in instalments. It can, at the discretion of the Inner 
Commutes, and strictly confidentially, bo reduced for 
individual mombers at their special request. 



Rules , as 
is 



to bo 



tMr decision is valid in accordance with Para ; of tho 
This decision is mx^u whtch rcc .do- "The momborohip fee 
amended on .arch 12th 194-7, J»* cn . Z ZL n «Lm naioritv " 
fixed annually at tho General Meeting by a simple majority. 

Elect ion : 

16 voting list, -re received oontainigc* J%™ •.££?** $? - 

SSfflS"??? l ».M "lii Sw Uh^ne'fivf roUinc .emhore 
fSli^iES^ ™3, rAcHLIS, 111.. SCilOEHl , ferm the 

Committee for 1950. 



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J3MOUNTMELD ROAD 
LONDON N.3 

Telephone FINchley 14 3 



9th February 1950 



Our member Miss Ellen G. SCH0END0RFF has been appointed 
Senior Social Affairs Officer in the Housing and To\/n and 
Country Planning Suction of the UNITED NATIONS, Department of 
Social Affairs, Lake Success, IT. Y. 

Before she leaves on the 24th February, the Coimr.it t 
mem'ber she is will give her a I ell Dinner <t Broadhurst 

Hill on Thursday, 16th Fe'bru;_ v r;: J _3_j3«m« 

We are sure that many other :. cs would like to join the 

party to say goodbye to Miss Schoendorfi. Will these members 
please notify their intentions to the undersigned not later 
than 13th Februar y. The price for the pre-arranged dinner ii 
5/0d (excl. surcharge) . 

Hans Meyer 
Honorary Secretary 







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HONOJUT SECRETARY 



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HANS MEYER 

J J HOUNTflflO ROAD 
LONDON • N . 3 

T.l.ph o n. f INchl. r »HI 



April 1st 1950 



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Our next Meeting; 

will not follow, as usual, after four weeks "but is "being postponed, 
owing to approaching Easter, until 

Tuesday (not Wednesday! I) . 18th April. 8 -p.m. 

at No.l, Broadhurst Gardens, N. W. 6. near Finchley Road Tube Station. 

G. LESSER will show, and comment on, his large collection of repro- 
ductions from 

Medieval Book? and U anuFcrir.tr 
(Illustrations, Illuminations, Lettering). 

Guests are welcome. 



Our last Meeting 



on March 18th, was attended by 7 member: nd 2 guests, but unfortu- 
nately not "by WOLFSOHN who was to show photo.- Tom his last Italian 
journey. He had "been taken seriously ill and is still in hospital 
where we all sincerely hope he will find a speedy recovery. 



The "Club 45" 

has kindly sent us an invitation for all members to their meeting on 

Tuesday, Snd Hay. 3 y>.m, 

at Broadhurst Hall (address as above) where our member REIFENBERG 
will give a talk on 

"Ein Architckt sieht London von heute und von western" 



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will be Wednesday 17th May with i distinguished guest speaker. 
For some day in June we are planning this year s Annual Dinner. 



Hans Meyer 
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T .,. P h.M FlNcbl.l 0' 41 



CS^^^^ a „ m at 1, Hfoaffliurct Gardens. N.W.6. 

WU1 be ^^n^^^— - - _ invmtion tQ give u , 

ffeo^onTif oSi-tion to the 

g.,*<«l of P^t.Mn 1951, 

the design for t,e Elding for the Ho.es on. Gardens Section 

the aesig r^, + , s are v/i-lcome. 



rr hP New Membe rs 1 List, trust, 

11 ■+* thic; -bulletin and \/ill, ue - xu r » 

S S.5S Sr^^^ 

Mlfty for errors and omxssxons will * ling t0 clV e 
rro^nrrfon h deI P it° ^ever^^-^s. _ 

nmL 1nc;t meeting nnnfiiming previous 

---— 77 t0 ^ fi xed for a Tuesday wh icn, con ^P ^.^ 

April 18th, nau cr0 wded aay ior ow. - a ij se nt have 

experiences, proved to ^e t<> f . ve members. ^ n f collection of 

^LeT'Treat opportunity eyeing g*g4 t «£ and listening to 
fascinating medieval manuscr ipts and ^ q ^ aisousS ioru^ 
his knowing comments whicn ga^ 



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The^anaa^ontribution md Q 

• e+m due from many mergers all °£ *™£ e are pelm is - 
of IGuinea is still due ir tions for a lower rate a v 

croii^his P|^ c ^; re d- oy the Acting Committee. rhey 

ihle and . w ^ v ^e proposed amount. _ 

accompanied t>y ti-e p 1 i . _ 

TT— r ™ m 'Ambers,. .congratulations! 

^— - ~ "~~ ^-la^ V-uto from the 

^ff^nere'sfe wafreSonsihle for many of the weefcly 
fou^al^nfo^ation Centre. ^ Bcn ^ 

Hans Meyer 
Hor y Secretary. 



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H O N H ART S t C > C T AJ_Y_ 
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33 MOUNTFIELD 

LONDON 

T ,|.phon. MNchl.y OMJ 



ROAD 
N . 3 



June 8th 1950 




Our last Meeting 17th May 

*aoa m.,^1. 4«+prp«?tine "inside Info mat ion" (though certainly no 
L^ldenUafdetfllsf^thHroceedlngs of the Festival of Britain 

1951 As^elntrusted with the design of an architecturally important 
nart of the exhibition, our guest BRONEK KATZ reviewed the history 
of his work IS the Home and Gardens Section and, even without 
drawls! imparted to the listeners a vivid picture of what, in a 
year' s time, the visitors might expect to see. Twelve attended, 
including two guests. 



Our next Meeting 

will be the Annual Dinner on June 29th, according to attached 

Separ StherwIse a no°further meetings are planned before the summer 
recess. We hope to meet again in September, 



Members' List 

Conscientious members who intend to keep the list up to date will note 

the following amendments: 

Jaretzki: Offioa Phone is AMB 2833. 

Neman: New address, 16 1 Temple Oardens, N*W,U. (SPE 6511) 

Schoendorff* Private Address: 7 F Apt. 531 Sa<t* 20th *t. , New York,N.Y. 

j. LQBBOBi Ada* "Jng. # A,F,UD. H - Md to name of firm: «A Co." 

M fl Lossosi Nona of firm as above t 






Congratulations 

again to happy Mr. and Mrs. Ruhemann, whose son \g engaged to be 

married^ 



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HANS MEYER 

ii MOUNTMEID ROAD 
LONDON • N.3 

Tiltphim FINchlar 0141 

8, Juni 1950 



ANNUAL DINNER 195° 




Unser dieejahriges Annual Dinner soil mit elaera 

Sommerausflug 

verbunden werden. An einem lan en Sommernachmittag (VoU- 
mond spater garantiert) wird uns eine Coach in einen der 
reizvollsten Teile des Themsetales bnngen. Durch rf&lder und 
FluBniederungen erreichen wir einen alten Herrensitz und 
halten unsere kahlzeit in einem viel gertihmten ./irtshaus 
am FluB. 

rfir haben nach reiflicher Beratung einen ,/ochentag vr&'hlen 
mussen, weil Sonnabends und Sonntags ,/ege und uasthKuser 
iiberfullt, und Besichtigungen nicht m«glich sind. ,iir hoffen 
aber bestimmt, daft unsere iviitglieder, zumal die Angestellten 
unter ihnen, sich an diesem Arbeitsnaohmittag einmal warden 
freimachen konnen, vielleioht unter Hinweis auf die berufli- 
che Bedcutung des Vorhabens. Auch dor Praia sollte nicht 
schrecken, da niemand einen solchen A us 1 lug selbstSncUg 
billiger durchflihren konnte. 

Einzelheiten: 




und Nachzligler 



Fahrt nach Burnham Bcecheg ausgedehntem Buchenvmld im KUgel- 
land von Buckinghamshire. Teetafel gegen 4 Uhr . 

4.45 ^intreifen in Cliveden , BarockschloB der Familie Astor, 
jetzt Eigentum des National Trust, auf bewaldetera Hang hoch 
liber dem Fluiital. Fuhrung duroh das SchloB. Spasiergang in 
dem weiten Park mit schb*nem Baumbestand, 

6.3O Jeiterfahrt am gegenliberliegwnden Uf«r tiber Maidenhead 
nach Bray . Dort gemeinsame Mahlzdt . 

auckfahrt 9 Uhr, zuruck in London gegen 10 Uhr 

Preis der Fahrt , einsohliefilioh Tee, bchloflbcsichtigung und 
lessen { line Getra'nke ) l5/6d> 

Anmeldungcn unter Beifiigung des Betrages orbittoh'. vtir b!e 
zum lb. Juni an den Unterzeichneten . 

Wir hoffon, wieder zahlreiche Mitglieder mit ihron Gattlnnen, 
sonstigen Angohb'rigen und Freunden begruGon zu ko*nnon» 















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27th September 195° 




■^sJ^o^MS-J^^lSiL^m aoolino in interest our activities 

T L Committee hac n-ain diocuo sod the decline ^ ^ p0 e llnR8 

,, nlc arouoc with "Offleors, ao ohoym d pec . cirolo h „ provod 

and delayed payment of oontrihutiene -vertho ^^ ^^ 
Soyond doubt its uBtfulMM^ tpo gl«gW thorofroa both In pre- 

tween so many collogues a ^t..,b^i ^ d 

foeaional knowl ed : e and -^ u ^ rl: throu ,h these channels). - In. 
of caeoo where ^ribora nov adopted. 

followins new moaaur.a have ohoroot or where monibora 

X) Mooting shall ho -ere of a-; ^o«l ,«c 1. ■- °--; tal]s shop „ , notwith- 
aro^e-tS moot friends tad og^" ^dividual mentoera as mtroduct- 
etandinc occasional prwn*** eport s ; ^^ ^ befpr0> 
ior.s to special topics. Quests .1- irioa m"nn, appropriate 

2) A new Homo hrs again h -n found eu^ ^s tod. / ^ Sv; . ?o Cottage 
lv tT^-aTcT~nd won decorated, a . * a "^ in n0 other connection) with 

&S£«f R ° o a cah'rot": n-!e^1.nd° •ood t ,ealo and toas_aro avallablo^ 
the "Blue DanuoG Oa^argx , n»*_i _ 



"the first after the summer 



reccos and in the nL,/ ' 



of^TiTtercsti.v • continental buildin S a will 



>c shov/n, 



Soir.o photoo 
rate and place: 

wnrin Q nday. Ath^Qcto^or, 



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^ -Bhr prminant that failed ; connection with the Annual" 

ass v .%w"tff=LriS?ts sssa^. *sMaa» 



g&HiSSS^S^A»a 



the failure rray 
conditions of our aortoore. 




E.FHIED. 



.... 



T.ntt" -P^^.ynl Revival. 

iB arran, 5 in 2 an exhibition o 

„,,„, |,,mi TinilnntlT^" *T .^f^M, to Novcirfoer . 19th 

in 

open weekday i 




- r ,j.-„ Gcto'- or 



in 5 i LSS^°S , . 9 l: St^V^' ^Sf a.3o,-o 






Z^^ 1 ^- , .. . .- rB B L.PBEUD whose con Clement has married. 

Felicitations to ,tr and !,ra B.L.1 Railw * ya v/cstern Region to 

O.LESSER has hcon transfer f f « M /ssiatant Architect. His of lice is 

the Executive and promoted So nior AMI ^^ 221)# 

222, :-.arylehono Rood, -..'.i. - „ , nr E alinG Common), a 

i . -or 
onorary Socrotary 










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9/50 



THEC1 



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25th Octoher 1950 



n„r> next Meeting -p^pKle y Road , 

future, will speak on hxs 

Experiences and Expressions in Israel. 

i nmP Meals and refreshments are available. 

Guests are welcome. weaxs ai 



Our_lostJeeMn£^«i-^^^' . ■ home in the ne «ly 

w , s attended hy 12 «-^'^r^ t S^ai ^JS3«. centred 

wmmmmt 

photos from the new RQixway 

cities. 



Membership., received from 

* application for memhe.ship of The Circle ^s *een ^ 

^car'sBIGER, P. B. "^f ^'singer will he .emitted unless 
introduced hy F. ^ ^"£ n g ecr . in due course, 
objections reach the Hon. bCC1 *____ 



Professor for Advanced 



Personalia * 

Rudolf MKEL has taken « , » ggf *h£* STaE 

Design at "Oxford Universxty «x«i. ^ as follo ws: 

J QOTBi: The entry in tho members ^^ Tr ehearne & Neman 

?SP E 6315), Assistant ArcMtectwxt^es (HQL , 0?l) . 

Weston * Partners, 33, Kings y, ^^^ Me mher of the 

,. A. RDHJMAHN, F. ^^^* ^gxneers (B. I. San.E. ) 

Royal institute of Sanitary ^ Hhlch ls n0 w: 

ELLffl G. 8CHOEND0KPP has agaxn^hang d ^ ^ ^ N . Y . 
33 West, 8th St., Apt. 3 (.c/o tt b 







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Honorary Secret ry. 



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THECIRCLE 



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10/50 

HONORARY UCI _L T _AA-L 

H A N S M E Y E R 

3 ) MOUNTFIEtO ROAD 
LONDON • M • 3 

T.l.phon. FINchl.y 0141 



29th November 1950 



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Our next Uectinrr 

is to - i^fe^^isii^oS up M5r&r# 

(Near Swiss Cottage). Any topic rhov; _ from hi8 
^^"SS&^SSfoSSLSSS. - .0,0 Powers ** Letted . 
Guests arc always welcome. •• • 



H 



Oui^iisiiioetina^Bth^clobM 

g ,ve great pleasure to those present The ^gj™^ ,' 
b^cestut^i^rfU Vtheinsu^ discussion, had man, 

questions answered. 

Th en appeared, as a f-*"?^ *,£ Oversea" f" r 

SCHOENDORFF, with her ^°ther < ',. liG ^ omlt ry, Prance and Holland, 
was on a professional vi.it to tjiib ft J* nfl8 . she g 

tut still found the time to ;; ee ^ ^ efficient 

vivid account of h ?r duties .and^ Housing .and 



Wft'w Member 

V,e have pleasure in -looming as a^^.r^Tae Circle^ ^ ^ 

n^r»nT» sinrrer« F. R. I. B. A. , oi o-_, 



1, 



Oscar Singer, 



For Sale (| 

« B „Bt Heufert, B uent.airfs-Lehre, Bauwelt-Ve^lag Berlin, ^190^, ^ 

g ^U"SS.VlS»VLS^& n Le hooh will he 

at hand. — 



Correction • ' 

^ - . ,„oo in our last bulletin, incorrectly 

VV rffS^lS^rSSSS oV lhe n Roy .1 Sanitary Institute 

(H. R. San. L ) • ■ 



Annual General Meeting. 



Our next Date 

Wednesday, 10th January 1951, for t: 

Hans Meyer 
Honorary S 



will "be 
Please notu« 



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H A N S MEYER 

Pi MOO NT FIE UD ROAD 
t O N D O N • N " ' 

T.l.phon. FINchl.T 0141 

29th December 1950 



Our next Hoi-ting 

. r, n -,- Hrr 7J< dnesdav, 10th Jan u ary. B ■^ •ik, 



Our last M. otine. 6th D ecjgnber^ 

was attended ,y 9 meters and , * guests .LESSEES ££.££* \ 
posters, advertisements, leaflets etc. met u«n . ht up ^ 

^fpS&i^^^"^-^ and is s P tili available at a 

price of €2,0.0. . 



Personalia. 

KMJ- '** ^ r^Vx^a^l^^ne^ois^o^Sng I* 

^rKsno,fl?df t ^.r: 1 ne ( ^al'o-to,ct in an advisory capacxty for 

their retail husine i . 

Rudol f FRAP'S appointment- ^^J^SSSS'l^S; £u& ° 

r< ad "Miami University at Oxiorci, uniu 

Struct, Oxford, Ohio, U.S.A. 

T.F.TTER TO THE EDITOR: 

I don't know what g iv< ou the idea a iiw U0USING _ D T0 v.: AND 
ahovu I act as the Technical Editor ° f J£%^ct your CIRCLE WHO'S 
COUNTRY PLANNING BULLETIIT. So no-./ you can coulee j 
WHO. Best Wishes," . 



Wishing all mem' 



burr, a hap^y and peaceful New Y« - 



Hans Meyer 
Honorary Secret ary« 









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The Annual General Meeting 1951 

was held on 11th January and attended by 10 members. 
Honorary Secretary read the following 



The 



Report for 1950: 

u -u c^n. Wp started with 33 members. These were contained 

°^en1s f„ B r.^nr e 3?i^o^ tS^rtog -mbers 
Jersfstently in arrears with their contributions. 

S^nirib^ns, One Guinea pa was fixed g Jtajgjvlou. General 
Meeting as the ^ sl ° ^ate. This »a Guinea each. 7 .ibutions 

Lfstni TufstandingVor !&>? two .ore even for 1949. (One for 
1950 has been received in the meantime). 
i2li ^ M es i The Pi- to hold again an .'Annual D inne r . thi^year 

£ rinsSficirnt^sp^seraue presumably to our choice of a 

weekday. 

An informal farewell L party was ; given in February tjBl« ^ 

^ SSi?S f HSi°oS. he ^«- aSenSSd by 10 members and , guests. 



:\ decline 
arable 

), one 

Hall, 
. hope to 
Aance was 

i owe st 5. 
) members 



St one 
The 
1 in 1949 



Other meetings showed both in number, > and attendances 
against the i^rovenents expeiienced xn is « 8 

figures are given jackets) ^eti Broadhur „ : 

^ r,t h a? !o CS 153 P nnchley Roadywhere wo, once a. 
naveTsUnst/a^ermanent. home" The average a 

12 (13) highest figures being 14, 14, lb 1*1, "»**/* 
^"figures delude 15 (41) visits by guests 22 (, 

alt0 f;rrupt^ e recora SlrtS^-SSEio™ t.*7 with 
uninterrupted recora « t in an appearance 

fumbefof voters ^General Meeting! also dropped from . 
So 16 in 1950. (Today 17 have cast their votes). 

-,i Ponnrt was piven (presented on sheet 2/51) and 
Ti^et^tr^oTrfcT by rfiedmann, who acted as Honorary Auditor, 
rmovefthe discharge' of the Hon. Seer, which was car, . 

Votes of Thanks were expressed to all members of the Committee, 
especially to those resigning. 

j. „ „ -I .; of e urrp received. One was fouu.l invalid, 
Election : 17 voting !"*■ £» elected are Lesser (15 s), 

I* *** f^^fenheim "ll)! Jascha LosKs (9), Ruhem )) 

? h cse five'win "with thofivo remaining, members (Ascl . rcud, 
Friedmann, Meyer, Wolfson) form the Commit..,, for 1951. 







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**«. 



■p-p-ire as the Honorary 
"After three years in °*" ters for the 
fr0 m Hans Meyer: A£e %Q f ^^ys been sure 

s^s^nssa.^^^ 5 " 8 * e relieved ora 

S ap after my often rep 
Secretaryship. 

Personalia^ oAri+inue his work as an 

York. wowAft. 

The Fin^n^iaO^e£ort_l2i0 

^^ \Z+ 1/51 reads as follows: 

as mentioned on sheet 1/51 



Balance 1950 
Contributions 

f or 1949 i o i g. : 1 8 ; 1 1 ° 8 ; 6 ; 

for 1950 M • J £; . 3.13.6. 

for 1951 1 ©I Gn ' = -2l^^ 

u contr . for 1950 of * On. 
las paid in 1949) 



4.12.3. 



24. 3.0. 



28.15.3. 



In other vrords^ ^ 

beginning of the y 

at the end it is 

vhich means a saving of 



The balance at ^^^ 

5.18.1. 



Meetings 
Stationery 
Postage 



7. 9.10. 
2. 6. 4. 
2.16. 2. 



Print and ? 

Despatch ?- x 

Balance 1950 10.10. 4. 
28.15. 3 














2/51 



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THECIRCIE 



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£0 



H Q M * * H St C P. t T A R Y 

„ A N S M E Y E -R 

t o n o o n - n -r 



George Lesser, 

315, Upper Richmond Rd. , 

S.W.15. 

1st February, 1951. 



ktp+ i /51 summarizes Hans Meyer's 
accoutre SS&TmIS-S on the 11th January. 

Co SS atteeJieelin & _on^^ m 

The new Committee met in J. ^°|« d d ^eyer, Wolfson 
members except Freud and Ra chlis attend tteet Meyer , 

and Lesser were "-elected to the 8 offioe as Honorary 

^creraryrana'the^rdfrsi^d wis elected in his place. 

On H. Meyer's resignation ^fter a -=-ssful r Perxod 
of three years, I fe £J;™ faring devotion he brought 
VlVtl^ £u°2£ flighty appreciated and 
gratefully Remembered by everyb.ay. 

Following a suggestion made by ^ 1°"°^ f rc hitect 
agreed that the Circle should J* ^ruora ** v±s±t London 

o? Engineer friends °1 our ^mocr in -time, it shall in any 
2S." re a tried If to y0 arranS -°U2j to welcome such^visitors. 



Our next meeting , c-, 

^The Wednesday tto , 14th February , p... ^ W5, 

Finchley ^ad (Blue Danube^ N.W.3,^ ^^ 

n «2£ "ire are obtalnSJ at moderate prices. It is 
disable °; have supper before 8 p.m. 

Ladies and guests are always welcome. 

I should be grateful ii *-*« R^J? 

willing to give some lectur or inior, inter3st i n g 

necessarily " s ic °P ta £ ot ^ photos, cto. at any of our 

m e°efing P s: r wouid a gel info contact with me. ______ 



Cojry^utions ,-., cheques should be 

G. Lesser, 

Honorary Secretary. 






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HONORARY S £ C R £ T A R Y 
M B v n R 



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Goo rp; c Lesser, 
315 Upper Richmond JRd, 

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•fc-O-K-O-O-H 
T -»l «»>.♦-"« — M- Mt hl>7 — *"♦ 



N , ' i 



15th March 1951 



;,t our n.xt He. ting on Wednesday j b .m. at 155 Finchl 

i^wf TviTT"^TmFoTr near Swiss Cottage, Dr. M.Leyy, Heaa oi the j^tern i 
R e lat on s Dement of the Hehrc T Lsti tute of Techno 
a visit to this country, will adda i T e Circle on tiio:- 

technical relations between this country and Israel. 



^j^^flnv t he llthJtorll , .m. I place, our merr 

w ~n A"ci>cr \/ill tallv about .- •■ 

ffive particular b< b c ecutlo ad a- . ants. 



.. ,. ,,, j.i . -a bruai i?. ajnal-Konyi held his lectu] 

At our He etingjgfjj ■ : £ - • , . vaults" an 

I paired to t ■ at Tor a quiet. ip. 



exhilarating anecdotes. 



Two gentlemen ha, El^4*PJ^S gffiSto £* ^ bC admlttoa ** 
any ejections reach me in due course. rh« • 

Kans Rudolf Klein, Civil ineer, 

junior Engineer tc Walter 0. ,V • , , - . -.L & £ - «• ^ 
Consulting togineer, 167 Viowjnn St., S.-...1. I VIC. raj i 

Werner Heumann, N. l<« D« j 

11 7/ondover Court, 

Finchley Road, N. ..'. ' . 

Offic : • Bedford Souare, '^ c ^ .^ ) 



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I should he obliged if SgntElbntSfiiK 121 • - nt in 

without further de 1 ... 



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to 



HONOKARY S E C ft E T A ft Y 



George Lesser, 
315 Upper Richmond Rd. , 
S.7/.1 - 



- , , n o u n Tn t i e — *-© * ° 
- t --o i < p o w ■ * •"• 



16th Aioril 1951, 



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It'll 



STSr roof It Kl lh be fl "TTthf&tS • ' 

a MUSICAL theme. H. Meyer wil v 3 ..-. - itn the t,tl . 

"BTfl TRANSI T GLORIA . . . '■ 

"The .P anic and F; t, nomnose-ra. " 






.-, a 4- mmv 8 -D.m. at J ace, Mt». Hunry H. Allen, 

OU: "Some aoousti cal^^U^ L jmTO<£J^S*0^ 

Whoever can spare the time should eon., L Lie^ and ju lcomo. 
No furlh'r ■ coi-m-i : Won on this lecture Kill he issued. 



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• " -^ .;■ I •■' why 

B po*e to an mdienc 5hvi 7 . ; 

Sn^spe^of oei.,l P L technical conditions in I 1 to-day. 



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particulars, wa. also extreniel; rfh:u.e. 



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We now welcome as new mem! rs: 

Hans Rudolf K lein* Civil E J, 

■ i e rorG Gate, S. >v« r. 

Junior Engineer to Walter 0. *nto , f*^ 

167 Victoria St,, S» ••'• -U ^vio, ru.,,.;, 

introduced "by H. * "nd 

Werner Houmann, M« R* Do , ... /,- <• -, - p,\ 

^^ irt/cndo^ Pinchley Rd. . H. . . ; M.lo36) 

Q -;,. ■ SO. , J.C.I, (-.Uo. .-rl ) 

introduced by tht; U - d - 



Our next circular will contain an invitation to i .r.ry Evening. 

oui next en ux i tu# 

please make i nut. oi tnc oura ivu*y, ^-^ 



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Honorary Sucre 1 ary. 



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Cfc' George Lesser, 

•^ 315, Upper Richmond Road, 
& S. W.15. 



HONORARY S t C H IT A H 
-6 M- C Y C R 



■ U Q H O O H- 

Tt l. fh i M — n»>Mti »4- 

10th May, 1951 



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We herewith invito our friends and their families, to a function 

Called! " "T.usticror Abend" ♦ »„■,« 

on P r i d a y , 25th U a J .^t^f^f g^f ^oul'sas^p.mf 
r^a£SbffSmS^?S5r^ffi SSL** particular, , 
we -venture Slay will ho good entertainment. - Ho admission fee - . 

Prom 7 p.m. nu 1 and nacks will he served of voll-know. good 
quality, e.g. three-course meals are ootainahle at 4/- and 5/-. 

« ^clu^ife Relive Kffi as iK'^ST-S 
S^LlSeiS^D; SS *S. andTt this occasion particularly, 

have a meal at our place. 

Your attention is also drawn to the attached Pep-Stanza 
^ "Auitaunterung" ) • _____ 



On Wednesday the 6th June, 8 p.m. , I will show hooks and other 
illustrations on 

Town-Planar^ nnd Architecture of Old-Dansin;, 
that unique old city which has now practically ceased to exist. 



On Wednesday the 20th June we shall have our last gathering - with 
on weanc..u..iy UXi -break up for a summer recess, 

no fixed programme - hetore we Drcais. up 



No further announcement -ill go out with respect to the ahove 



dates, 



. i.iv™ +ho ',-»s+h Aoril ahout "Sic Transit Gloria . . 
Hans Meyer's talk on the .can Aprxju . <j succes , if: members 

The Fame and Pate of Great Composers" J* od sue - enrlohed 

and 80 guests found their musical too'. ^^ T this wi „ 

^uragfotiers-tfeo^ fo^r^itU ^igahout their U., - they 
Lver so remote from our professional pursuit:,. 



}1-'ll, proved mo'-t i iu.ilj.ii,. uw 

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G( 3 Les er, 
315 Upper Rich] .end Roadj 
S. ".'/. 1 . 



HONORARY SECRETARY 



•H-A-N-S M-E-Y-E-R 

8 8 tl O-U-N-T-f-t-t-t-P— ft-O-A-O 

, {. -<? n- D -O-W " N-r-5 

■T »ltyliu t i t — ft N i h t . 7 — 0-W-» 



7th June 19 ol 



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Contrary to our previous plan, we fed we should give an 
account of our 

Merry Evening 
on Friday, May 25th, for those who Lot , ith us. Unfortunately, 
the shifting of the rate from Y/odn 1 ich, we hov 

would make it e icier for many bo com , the reason several 
friends who had reserved th could not Ld« 

Even so, we were 40 all tola, among them rs, most of them 
with their families. 

Our request bo hook dinners in time hufo ehand was Lly 
complied with, hut Vbout 8 boolcir b the 1 st minuti ult in 
some delay in servin the landlady had not ezepeetc rite so 
many diners. 

After that, our programme went off smoothly. The 3 the 

■ i th< 
3 nna 




(before 191*1-) 

of the humourous memoirs of his fri< ■ , t i itoct P ul Levy, 
now in Pari , chapi try- taking in Kurfuerstondamm 

"before 1903. 

Hans Meyer greeted th anbly with a rh ipso< hich 
culminated in "The "-Jmj nt f s Al t", b] G rgit- 

Roifenberg re je from her ;rc 1 'T \ i1 rs" n: 

in course of publication - it w f] ishback to Jiid-Victorian 
Interior Decoration in Old Berlin W. Frits Ru rin then delighted 
us by auto-biogr ic il sketch ■ very captivating .nee 
in the Bavarian dialect of a half-wit's misfortunes. 

We want to express our sincere thanks for all this i >a fun. - 
The Undersigned woun'd up th by th cital of pai 

in East-Prussian of Schiller's "Hands chuh". 

Following requests of th party, copies of H.Meyer 1 ! 
own ad hoc contributions are attached. 

k last informal meeting will 1 Id on Wednesday the 20th 
June, and after th X we .ill wish > »y summer vacation to 
everybody. 



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THE CIRCLE 



HONORARY SECRETARY 






Dear Member, 

On Friday, the 
members and friends 
their last tribute 
death on the 28tb 
ngain and again 
and distinction 

^eTore being asked. 
and re 

. t 

e . 

the d on 



13/63 

2nd November, 1965 



JAMES I. WOLFSON 

63 TRINITY COURT. 
GRAY'S INN ROAD. W C I 
TELEPHONE TERMINUS 32l» 



1st November, early at 10 a.m., our Circle 

met at the Putney Vale Crematorium, to pay 

to our : LKSSER whose sudden 

ctober is mourned far beyond our own group. 

i I it character 

left us, not only of science and knowlei 

ted him, : . als n 
r to help, even 
id he . at j I east, my own 
ale be - = 



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rals • • J Das E] chelnen 

elnes dritte/j i \ er leider nicht 
mehr 

" ; - ! wie es e 

;2aib dieaer 

• ' \hn vor 

r, Icise /or sic] . Lls , 



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Krhut ■ 

itber dann -■ 

wlrkl - 

Da gat es - ' 

»t^d iBt 

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das V/ori riiehen, 

,, W ie an dein Tag, ' 

.. Die 

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n so musst Lehen, 



jumes X. Wolf son. 








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THE CIRCLE 



HONORARY SECRETARY 



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Bsar Hember, 



1/6 

30"th January, 1964 



JAMES I. WOLFSON 

63 TRINITY COURT. 
GRAYS INN ROAD. W.C.I 
TELEPHONE: TERMINUS 328» 



On Monday, thelQtj >ruary , v.e shall have the pleas- 

£U r e t Save as guest s£ far. Ivor KkMLISH, M.S.I.A., 

who will talk iw red during his 
Yisit to the Contin 

0rl a( al will be held, 
Both fun< Dorice", 169a Pinch- 
ley Road, IloVr..;. at 8 p. ■»') __ 

On the 3 9 

held at - - • itailec art 

scpi belo 

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Of 6 aemb< 
iteet, and fasc 
am 

-, ■ ■ " 

Xc~ ____ 

On 3 ~ 

sing a-, 

ear: i 

Circle's ares her a las 

xaerj '■ ' - __ 

rr» he g he 13 ch January. 

, Rep ort c £' 

}■••-;■ ! ' ' 5 

ins T963 : ' ;i » *-'' 4 

and Kent - )> ana 5 !:,ore w€ 

taken off oi 

fees (Ghero, I Le, )• 3 - abro£ 

and he is now • &t the beginning 

of l c )64, 'che Circle th 'ted with 30 London and 4 

foreign members. The number of our Correspondents grew iron 

9 co 12. 

Activity 5- The : e 19 o Lcial functions of 

various kinds £see below), viz. 2 i l3trative (G.Mo and 

Committee of Ten), 11 lee • he avc 

attendance figures ir stJ 

in 1962) -•'-"' GC 









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20 o0 (21.1 in 1962). The main reason for the fall was t 
earlier starting, and prolonged holiday season. 

(1) 14.1.63 General Keetinj 

(2) 11.2. " Mo Neurath - Isotype Publications, 

(3) 25." " F.L. fcarcus - Journey to South America, 

(4) 11.3. " E.Lo Freud - L'.y work between the two warn, 

(5) 25." " G. lesser - John Gloag's "Victorian Taste", 

(6) 8.4. " Social, 

(7) 22." " J. I o Wolf son - Experiences in great developments s 

(8) 13o5. " P.Newman - Prom SoFranciscc to London via Japan, 

(9) 27." " Prof. Josef Prank (Stockholm) - My own work, 

(10) 10.6. " Soc a I . 

(11) 24o" " " « 

(12) 9.9. " n - showing slides to his talk (8) f 

(13) 23." " Dennis Young - The Story of the Windsor Chair s 

(14) llolO." ~.n.nv,vS. Din 

(15) 14- H " •*•!• Wolf son - Journey through France, 

.(16) 11.11." Carlludwig •■'; -• Baroque Villas at Frascati, 

( 17 ) 1 4 . " " Comia : ; 1 1 1 n , 

(18) 25. " " ifi. Liel >ss in Mexic 

(19) 9.12." Ho J. Reifenberg - Londons bbauplanung. 

In October we publ i "The Circ] and Cor- 
respondents, as observed by our late Hans Lever and karie 

Keurath" . 

2. Report bj - sented i.he Hon, Secret. ) - 

,j -.. h of our G. Lesser the b3 



rsh; 

13 • L . ( i ' ' 



ersi 
th 



Circle's bank account our Hon. Auditor 

H.J. Reifenberg audi' bhe 

closing 1 - l ~ s b -- wli out °- Lor 

don :. J** P^O' 

book . nd balance i 

1 circular Credit Bal an 
ce of 1^56. 9. 4d .11 • 2d in f erred from t. 

Rational Pi i Barclay 5 a been 

ehecv. and r the current r, 

with the con-' >' bhe IB. 2 , The above report 

was ».. icusly I the irs of the Com- 

ma t 1 ee given discharge . 

3 . K ihip £ .964 . 

l.o alteration fo rs; £1.10.0d (or 15 sh. in special 

cases to the ticting Con ' This amount 

of 15 sh. applies also to second full i mbership of the sa: 

family. Phe 2ee for Cor mailing of cir -1. 

is raised from 10 sh. » ..:k j ire due n 

// payments by ch. 1 ■ he Ci 'ele" id 

sear to the lion. Treasurer E.L. .cud, 52 St. John's Wood 
Terrace, fl.W.8, 

4. The move to n of. Josef Prank - Stockholm (Wiej ' a: 
an Hoi- acci 

and I am g] d say t 

to become one of our 1 i is Ha' . ban 51 

Stockholm U .0. , >n. 



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- 3 - 

• ,, - -- -fcoo of !£ - 1964/6 

5. a) Klectlon o^A±i --—'- " l 9 ~— 

.,..,* --V.P following 5 members were 

b ) Election of 2 »«aT>. 2_the_ Ittg o of- Ten for 19 , 6 , 4 . 

The elected are: F.L. BarouB, and H. Nonuenmacher. 

6. Election of the_Actir e_c JIhrec. 

■ r voifBon as lion. Secretary, Preud as Deputy 

K°K."£^£:°^ Second Deputy. 

7. aiv; other J ^ . .„, 
^7^7=- ^ «» toU«»i»6 -tos for considerab- 
le Circle was f ">' **"> 23rd Oune, 1943 by 10 

people*- architects s "ers. 

Ihe cLf/until 

„ „,i i.u +1^ inc-ri > numoer o.«. memoeio. j.u- "■*••*•■*■» 

rcle/'unS ^"JSS* 1 SiSli. 

Later on we wished bni «« « c1rc i ei and that is 

ra ore actively in the > ules „ ote 

the reason why up so « 

for this C( n - „„ . „ = 

i0A . u . 3 of 75 rs 

In my member! membership list 

who belc .5 fol mder 

has shro. ,1, has 54 mem- 

members ] ^ .0 not 

bers with ss in «f.n J- h * 

. count 3 pr, 

e; 

meiub e irshi'n • 

gy to ketp to the nuuil 'vFt£e totll m r of members. 

memoes . UA v . , „„,, T +vrink- hfst to 

id ea ^e^m " ^^coss^te^ 

attoAs to our Rul, bo implemented after a vote taken 

at the next General laeeting. 

Ja>;:es I. Wolf son. 




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UUcal^ /7/x/&& 



THE CIRCLE 



14th October, 1966 



from: fciarie Neorath, 
3a Eldon Grove, 
N.W.3. 



Dear Member, 

It is with ^reat Borrow that I have to report the sudden death 
on the 6th instant, of our old member Ernst STEINITZ, who after long 
illness had just marvellously recovered from his eye operation- We 
all feel in sympathy with our Mrs.. Steinitz, who asks our members to 
desist from individual letters of condolence. 



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Monday, Octobe r 10 th - the meeting had to be cancelled at the 
request of The Doraee, because of water damage. 

Monday, October 24th. - M. Liebesman will bring slides to tell 
about Russia; H, Samuely and k* Neurath may acid their experiences 
in travelling East, 

Moriday « , November, 14 th -- Exl 'd inary Crene r al Jle e r t ing . Enclosed 
please find a copy of" our Rules as agreed in our General Meeting ear- 
'• ier this year. 



On Monday » 2( >eptemb< 'he Circle had its first meeting af= 
ter the holi It was a Social attended by 10 members. Al- 




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U.S.A., Canada, and Aui a. 

During this first meeting t* illowing matters of Circle busin- 
ess were discuss* 3 

1. Mo Lie! i read letters she had received from krs. Ho Ro- 
senthal and tdrs. ?. -voiles. 

2. Ho Neurath delivered greetings from H. Reifenberg, \;h is on 

a sightseeing trip to America, and cannot attend the October meetings. 
He had arranged to ;ive a talk on his trip to the Club 43 on Monday, 
the 24th October, and suggested the Circl Lould suspend its ->v/n 
meeting on that date, and attend, this li ;e instead. But the mem- 
bers present decided not to suspend' the Circle meeting, and to ask 
Reifenberg to repeat his lecture to The Circle, 

?. The qi-esi^ r. of a third member of the Acting Committee was 
discussed. Ace fche Rule! Acting has to be app- 
ointed by the Co b of ?ive.'J, Wolf son proposed that an E::tra 
ordinary Genera j | biirg should be called to- elect the Committee of 
Jftve, an itlon. All L-icnbers present agreed. 

4. & » Liebes ? to bi ellevcd from secretarial duties. 
She arrowed a ait i.th Wolf son for the k .eptenber to hand 
over everything. She had found and bought the special carbon paper 
with s.hioii our~cv p] c.Ung machins can be usee, again - seo this Circ- 
ular, ^ 

OiJTc lgL, 

rl3.ja.dj : c> boolc "The Villas of Frascati" has now been 
i!)ubli - Alee Tiranti. Those who attended his lecture 

1 not have fo - i; '" 

p, \; . .' tl up t3 ' ' ' : '''■■ '"' '' 

B 7, W 

Carolina, for the tern ending 31st January, 1967, end (2) afterwards 

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January 1967 



Dear Member, 



We have to report another sad loss of the Circle; our Hon. 
member Joseph Prank died in Stockholm on 8th January 1967 
at the age of 81. 

Since our last circular in October 1966, the following 
meetings have taken place : - 

Monday, October 24th . - ** 

Mrs. Liebesrnan showed slides and reported of her journey 
from the Adriatic to the Black Sea and the Caucasus; Mrs. 
Samuely added her own reminiscences of the places she had 
also seen. Mrs. Neurath reported on her travel to East 
Germany and some of her impressions. 

Monday, November 14th : 

Extraordinary General Meeting. 11 members were present. 

Mrs. Neurath (in the chair) gave a resume of the difficulties 

arisen thro ugh the deaths of two members and the resignation 

of the secretary. She asked the meeting for their suggestions. 

The main contributions came from Mr. Reifenberg, Ruhemann and 
Wolfson. It was agreed that : - 

1, Three circulars per year should be sufficient (one 
per quarter, omitting one quarter for holidays). 

2. The post of secretary should be abolished; the 
necessary work should be sub-divided among several 
members. The following volunteered for the follow- 
ing duties : - 

Mrs. Liebesrnan - collecting membership subscriptions. 
Mr. Reifenberg - auditing accounts. 

Mr. Ruhemann - arranging lectures, drafting circulars, 

preparing stencils. 
- printing and postin.g circulars. 

)- preparing annual dinner, if any. 



Mr. Wolfson 
Mrs. Neurath 
Mr. Wolfson 



Miss Oppenheim) 

5 # Mr. Ruhemann offered to make another attempt to find 

a solution of the problem of how to avoid the clashing 
of dates of o ur meetings with those of Club 43. Ke 
also read one of his charming short stories to give a 
light relief to this rather severe but successful 
business meeting. 

Monday, November 28th : 

A social gathering. Mr. Ruhemar.n reported on his investi- 
gation; one solution (see 3 above) might have been to hire 
a room at 9, Adamson Road for a cay other than a Monday, but 
the charge of £3 an evening was considered prohibitive. He 
had drafted an application to Mr. Caeger of Club 43 that they 
meet on a different weekday which Mr, Reifenberg read and 
supported and moat members present signed. 







• ** »»*•*■ 




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.«. , .«.,.. .- - . --■ >-— 



Monday . December 12th ; Tienf .,,i. p j *- Mr wolf son on 

A soc ial g athering. Mrs. Neurath repoi ted to air. VV V! 
her enauiries at the Hanover Banqueting Rooms and th e* 
decided not to recommend them to the meeting for the Circle 



annual dinner. 

Monday, January 9th 1967 : 
Social gathering. 



FUTURE MEETINGS 

MnnrtP.y T February 6th elides - on her visits to 
Mrs. Jaretzky reports - with slides 

Toronto. 

K a &,£ff%ft 3&t - with slides - on impressions 

of a short visit to Iran. 



F.A. RUHEMANN 



KINDLY FILL IN THIS STRIP AND SEND IT TO 
James I. Wolfson 
63, Trinity Court 
Grays Inn Road 
London, VJ.C.l 

f ^ n0 i riinnpr if one was arranged 
I am likely to attend an annual dinner 

and would want ticket-. 

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T 1 



RUDOLF FRANKEL 

REGISTERED ARCHITECT 
,„ GROVE END GARDENS. LOHDOK, N.W.I TEL. MA, DA VAIE «tl 



H. Peiffenberg Esq., 
27. "elsize Avenue, 

n.v; .s. 



January 24, 1945 



Dear Mr. Reiffenberg, 

I herewith enclose as promised my answers to Questions 

7 and 8 which were valid anyhow up to 1953. 

7 The normal type of scaffold used was of timber consisting 

' scaffolding standards, putlocks, scaffold boards, wind braces 
and guardrails fixed with lashings and cramps. There was a 
fixed olatform at every floorlevel and on these fixed platforms 
temporary platforms for the bricklayer were erected, aoout 4ft. 

Sis' rather solid scaffolding was later altered and made more 
temporary for the use of the plasterers takin many putlocks 
out" as possible to allow for the uninterrupted plastering of 
larp.e surfaces. 
Q a The width of the fixed platform was about 7ft. and of the 

temporary platform 3-6". Bricks and mortar were maintained at 

•olatform level. 

The bricks were loaded at groundfloor level int. metal racks, 
transported either by builder's hoist or by special lifts to 
platform levels from where the brickcarrier carriea the racks 
along the platform distributing the bricks at convenient places. 

I hope this will be of help. 

Best regards, 

Y ours, 



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80, Greencroft Gardens, 

Tel.: MAlda vale 19^b. 
London N.V.6., Jane 24th 

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H. J. Reifenberg, Esq., 
23, Belsize Avenue, 
T.ondoni N»W«3« 

Dear *r. "eifenberg. 

ted matter concerning. the Council of 

I have marked alter peiubcix^ ^ 

gSS'o? inn^-aole^isapAntnents) 
t feel confident that some taint to 
c-ur mutual satisfaction will emerge 
from our co-operation. 



Wit best regards to bpp of , you 

Youi4sinc^4ly^ 

Leon '/.^itlin 
Ends. 



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102. GREENCROFT GARDENS. 
LONDON. NW.6. 

TELEPHONE MAIDA VALE 8556 

7th A , 1946 



Dear Mr. B 

. . .. g commit i 
Oirclt , 1 to 1 tionnai: 

ot ho] ' et ' 

- . my 1 LOUt 



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h.J.Keifenberg, VI ,Beisizr Ave. t N7:3. Fri. irQ5 



Dear Rosenthal, 



]).th August 1946 



Thank yi u ^or the draft of our answrr 
to the ' uestionr aire of the Council of 
Industrial Denign as discussed better n us. 

I like it in many respects ana some i3 quite 
excellent. I feel, however, that it might 
benefit from a rearrangement and condensation 
to' make it . o i r< lo ical and more ir. keep ing 
vrith the secuence of cuestions. On the other 
hand I felt thai there might bi lesa 
theoretical lecturing and ''.ore factual 
information, c • ..<, assume that ihe Council 
- which includes outstanding men in the field 
of desir.n- should. ) at rood di r i r x is 
and that some passages •'■ra toe much outsi.it 
our terms of reference. Other points n reded 
more emphasis whicl I have tried to give 
by the n(r- arr ngement. 

If you had any factual information irspeci.lly 
in direct answer to the ruestiens tasked) 
1 should liki to inbody it. The general 
picture ,. think, 5 good, but the" details 
are somevht t vague. It -culd e.^. he 
• xcellert to give some details about the 
training of the Bauhaus as compared with 
the usual methods Riid of the influence it 
had on industry . ether schools (R^.'^Or— a— 
"direct -ftng.8z.er- to U:; ,x^ncl>— '';»<>. " / tc. 
1 enclose my new draft. " e should meet soon. 



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Kindest reg- rds 
Yours sirccrely 



Wtm. 



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102. GREENCROFT GARDENS. 
LONDON. N.W.6. 

TELEPHONE MAIDA VALE 6556. 



14-t 1 - •• is*, 1946 



Dear Re if enber ~, 

critic: ] r ou .1 

] 1 k - i 1 ! c in the fi: I 1 . ■ ich 

is ich I 3 ] Lt to t 

; out Lay. 



Your: 



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II.J.Ri ifenber*. ?lS T Ui»per Richmond Road, 



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: rd .nite-H-ber,!? 1 '*. 

Dear Rosentl "1 , 

vou for vour letter 

nf , ,• ust PVtb. I V-avi moved turday 

of 

in, vour letter- ou ei i - 8 r.on busj 

tll l in. lir.6rtu.at.lv 
th< teUjVoM |.pci*lf 1 v let 

• ore dif 'icult sti) 1. 

sh'll j ' n 

to discus rroe. - . leRs1 

as anxious ou tc >c A the thirg OxT. 

, readi • your I saw 

that at m *ds Bora teel .ic 1 corrections. 
BliP3 BPi « tlydu. o the 

t ii p o- P of 11 < c ! u 

r?y •• i ' occurs tP1C ' lv 

, P.C. 

cus tl t or th< tel« .' oi i »^ " Ct 

,t »li P. 18 <■ ^' OW 

they are). 

it rei Inpatient, 1 shall 
contact you soon. 



Yo 



urs sincerely 



1 i, rinsed chfrue for :l.l'_'_Ji_ 



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H. J. REIFENBERG ■ DIPL • ING • ARCH • putney eooa 

315 • UPPER RICHMOND ROAD -SW 15 



Miss L. II. Hubbard,' 

The Council of Industrial Design, 
Tilbury House, Ietty France, Sffl. 



5th September, 1047 



Dear Miss Hubbard, 



your ref. Ib.VW. I.^I/JH 

Thank yea for your 
letter of September 4th. Unfortunately 
I an leaving tomorrow for Vales. I will 
return on September 16th r.nd cannot do 
much before then, in the meantime it 
would hr interesting to >no* when } rofessor 
Schneck is likely to come to this country 
so that 1 can get an idea how we might fit 
it in. Members c^ the Circle meet regularly 
on the 1st and 3rd Tuesday each month. 

Should you think that the matter cannot 
TTait until 1 shall be back I shall try to 
contact members from Wales. Letters to my 
London address will he forwarded. 

In the meantime I should like to than* -ou 
for offering us this interesting opportunity 
yours sincerely 



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Letters to be addressed 



TELEPHONE 
RnJnUS b454 (PRIVATE EXCHANOE) 



TELEO«APMlC AOORES8 
NORTHNESS." NOROO. LONDON 



REFERENCE 

KXH- 2/A.1/6. 7 




Resident Manager 

Great Northern Hotel 
Kincs Cross 

London n.i. 

11th December, 1947. 



H.F.Heifenberg, sq., ( w 
315, Upper "."iichniond 3oua, . ... J.o. 



Dear Sir, 



r e^tji_0ctober_,_.1947 . 



fc^n^anfrar S^fc -ling U «««*«, official 

receipt. referring t0 correspondence, I regret to find 

that our tSS ^ices^re income: -J*^ 

. ! t your service ana taking this 

opportunity of thanking you for your patronage. 

Youri' faithfully, 



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-- 



End. 

Ligars:, cic 

Sundries 

BiHiards 

Telephones 
I_aundry 

SERVICE CHARGE. 



Ldent Manager. 



pud out: Sundry 



Theatre I ickets 
Cars, Bus, cic. 

( i A r i l' C 

Petrol, etc. 



C arried forward . . 
I l-SSCASH PAID 



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H.A. 9/13 



TATION HOTEL 

,^204 ■■?■ <o *■ L0NI)0N ' N1 - 

w ' /X / A.-".... 

Received from 4t, 



Room No. 






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isented 



— 

Cashier. 



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Hrou^ht Forward 

Apartments 
Slock Rooms 
Baths 
I ires 

Breakfasts 
Luncheons . . 

Dinners 

Suppers 



Tea, Colfcc, etc 
Fruit and Fruit Juices 
S.mduichcs, etc. 
Servants' Board And Room 



Wines 

Npirns and Liqueurs 
Beers 

\e rated \\ atcrs 
Cigars, eic. 

Sundries 
Milliard 
Telephones 
Laundry 

SERVICE CHARGE. 



paid out: Sundr\ 

Theatre Tickets 
Cars, Bus, etc 
n Garage 

Petrol, etc. 



Carried forward 

LRSS< AMI PAID 



TOTAL 






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Doar Moyer, 

I lease r :r. or, closed 
c^oque for ':-.-.- - :.<-.Kc\ ' 
contribution to the Circle. I 
expect< ■ this to coma i- and did not, 
therefore, - n to Titv to ( ; 
It include; ■■ ' r«?M| : ee '"or 

this y^r I 1-943 ] . 

- note • ',-. + '.li ii.vj t* 

C I ■ tfO^S Should >•*; SFJ.t to 

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ablv. to i< t -.t.u )- Vc LV-c fr'f ta >or 
as I c*ui >.<?. c } d a 1 dvi "•: r. 

v. ith kindest . - . 

Yours s?.r.cerelv 



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THECSRCLE 



HONORARY SECRETARY 



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HANS MEYER 

J3 MOUNTFIELO ROAD 
LONDON ' N.3 

Telephone FINchlcy 0143 

18. uktober 48 



xieber Aeifenber ! 

Haben ^ie jetzt wieder "your head a c e water"? iDann wtt-'de 
ich es sehr dankbar besrttflen, wenn L;ie :air mm aus dei altcn 
Circle-Akten dasneraussuchten, was ^i= nicht als Trivat-^orre- 
spondenz betraehten. ^s ist bisher zur ..ot ohne die alten ^kten 
gegangen, doch brauche ich jetzt illr die Vorbereitung der 
naehsten hauptversam;iuung einiges davon unbedingt. 

Ich deiJce besonders a.; fol^ende Papiere : Frllhere i.oraittee- 
..litglieder, ..ahlen, ciatzungei. mid ihre .-■.ondments (cliese be- 
sonderafciohtigi ; Vielleichfe, ^eben ^ie sieh einen ^toii imd bringen 
die Sachen gleich tflorgen ...it, weiin aie, wie ich hoiTe, zu. de 
T .U'.C .-./ettbewerb mit sprechen werden. 

In 14 ragen wird Kachlis liber Jopenha^e.- berichten. liitte 
versuchen oie doch, herrn uross, dem ich eine besondere ^inla- 
dung sehicken werde, aiitzubringen and verabredei: Jie eine ^e- 
meinsarae Fahrt zu una, am Ihnen beiden den langen n'eg zu ver- 
kiirzen. ^ie wis sen, daLS er dort 2 btande hatte und selbyt auch 
hin-efahren ist. Kr wllrde aiso ein wertvoller Diskassions- 
^precher sein. / 

..it be stem Grub Ihr n u f s 
noffentl.ch ist Ihre Gattin -wieder ,wi^ ( 

wohlauf . bitte ihr beste Grlibe zu bestellen. J l 



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THECIRCLE 



HONORARY SECRETARY 



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HANS MEYER 

33MOUNTMEID ROAD 
LONDON N.3 

Telephone FINchley 0143 



14. April 49 



Liefer Reifenber^ ! 

Ich raochte Ihnen unsern jjarik aussprechen fur Ihre Teil- 
nahrae am gestrigen Abend. Ihr Vortrag v/ar wirklich 
aafterordentlich fesselnd und lehrreich, und ich weiii, 
daii dies das Gef/uhl aller Teilnehmer war. Lv. beoauern 
1st nur v/ieder I iinraer von weuem), dan deren ^ahl so 

ering war. oie verfolgen wohl raeinen i.ampf urn ein 
,7iederaufleben des friiheren Interesses. x,leibtcr so 
erfolglos wie bisher, so werds ich v/ohl bald die warren 
strec):en. jedenfalls fdhle ich, daii der Circle iie um 
Kntschuldi gong bitten rauB, Ihr em Vortrag so wenig 
"Uhren geliehen" zu haben. 



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FRIENDS OF THE HEBREW UNIVERSITY OF JERUSALEM 

~x-t-t- i rwmnM N W_ t 



» 17 BAKER STREET, LONDON, N .W. i 

TY/^W- WELbeck 0293/4 Cables: Scopus, London, N.W.I 



Hon President 

The Rt. Hon Lord Cohen, p.c. 

Chairman 

Prop N Bentwich.o b e. m c 

Viu-Outtrman 

Prof Sib Isaiah Berlin, c.b.b.. »■» a. 



CfcHfM-lll/^E"™'" 1 ' 

Dr. Alec Lerner 

Hon Treasurer 

Edmund L de Rothschild 



Hon. Secretary 
Eric WOLrr, B.A. 

Secretary 

Dr Walter Zander 

.Isiwloni Secretary 
Kenneth H Bennett 



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THECIRCLE 



HONUKARY SECRETARY 




ERNST 


L FREUD 


31 ST JOHN 


S WOOD TERRACE 


LONDON 


N. W. 8 


T-e 1 « p h o n e 


PRImroi* 1727 



RULES 



Agreed at the foundation of The Circle, 23rd June 1943, amended 
12th March 1947, and 14th February 1952. 

1. "THE CIRCLE" is a professional group of Architects, Engineers 
and Planners from various countries. The seat of "THE CIRCLE" 
is in London. 

2. The aims of "THE CIRCLE" arc to promote professional and social 
contacts amongst its members end friends, to further and exchange 
professional knowledge and experience. The activities of "THE 
CIRCLE" will include professional lectures and discussions, 
social meetings and the forming of groups for the study of 
special problems. 

3. "THE CIRCLE" is directed "by a Committee of Ten who appoint an 
Acting Committee of Three one of whom is the Honorary Secretary. 
Five members of the Committee resign alternately each year, the 
vacancies "being filled "by election at the Annual General Meeting 
of members. The resigning members may "be re-elected for one 
more term of two years. After this term one year has to elapse 
"before they are eligible again; this does not apply to the 
acting Honorary Secretary. 

4„ Membership is open to everyone professionally connected with 
architecture, building or planning, if introduced by a member. 
Opportunity will be given to members to object to any election 
to membership. The decision rests with the Committee, without 
any reasons to be given. To safeguard the interest of "THE 
CIRCLE", the Committee may exclude a member. 

5. The Membership Fee is to be fixed annually at the General 
Meeting of members by a simple majority. 

6. These Rules may only be amended at a General Meeting of members 
by a majority of two thirds of those present, the Quorum being 
one half of all members resident in Greater London. Eight days 
notice has to be sent to all members informing them of the day 
and place of such meeting, and of the amendments that will be 
movod. If one half of all members resident in Greater London 
fail to be -oresent at the meeting, a second meeting has to bo 
called in the same way, where votes will be taken irrespective 
of the number of persons present. 

7. At the request of one third of all members an extraordinary 
Generil Meeting must be held after due notification. 



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3 



HONOAAHY 



SPCRtTARY 






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<0 



GEORGE LESSER 

II CAMMON »0»D 

LONDON S. W. 1$. 

T«it »*•■• ruT»«r i»ti 



RULES 



Agreed at the foundation of The Circle, 23rd June 1943, amended 
12th March 1947, and 14th February 1952, 

1. "THE CIRCLE" is a professional group of Architects. Engineers 



and Planners from various countries, 
is in Londone 



The seat of "THE CIRCLE" 



2. 



The aims of "THE CIRCLE" are to promote professional and social 
contacts amongst its members and friends, to further and exchange 
professional knowledge and experience. The activities of THE 
CIRCLE" will include professional lectures and discussions, 
social meetings and the forming of groups for the study of 
special problems. 



3. 



"THE CIRCLE" is 
Acting Committee 
Five members of 
vacancies being 
of members. The 
more term of two 
before they are 
acting Honorary 



directed by a Committee of Ten who appoint an 

of Three one of whom is the Honorary Secretary, 
the Committee resign alternately each year, the 
filled by election at the Annual General Meeting 
resigning members may be re-elected for one 

years. After this term one year has to elapse 
eligible again; this does not apply to the 
Secretary. 



4. Membership is open to everyone professionally connected with 
architecture, building or planning, if introduced by a member. 
Opportunity will be given to members to object to any election 
^membership. The decision rests with the Committee, without 
any reasons to be given. To safeguard the interest ox THE 
CIRCLE", the Committee may exclude a member. 

5. The Membership Fee is to be fixed annually at the General 
Meeting of members by a simple majority. 

6 These Rules may only be amended at a General Meeting of members 
by a majority of two thirds of those Present, the Quorum being 
one half of all members resident in Greater London. Eight days 1 
notice has to be sent to all members informing them of the day 
a^d^lace of such meeting, and of the amendments that will be 
m^ved! I? one half of all members resident in ^eater London 
fail to be present at the meeting, a second meeting has to dc 
called li the sar^e way, where votes will be taken irrespective 
of the number of persons present. 

7. At the request of one third of all memhers an extraordinary 
General Meeting must he hold after due notification. 






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tf&WW /7/v/66 



" T H E 
Group of Architects, 



CIRCLE" 
Engineers, Pis ~, Designers 



RULES 



■ 




and 25th April. 1966 . 



■ 






I 
■_ 

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3. THE CIRCLE is a group of Architects, Engineers. Planners, 
Desig their Friends. The seat of THE CIRCLE is 
in London - 

2. The aims of 1 ' CIRCLE ire bo pri tote c sional 

• i s meml and friends, &j 
«ther and ofeasio knowledge and ezper 

3. HIE CIRC ' ' direi - of Five, elected 
every ye?:.- at the G ; . king t . . v can be re- ited. 

bee of Pi ■ Acting Commltte of 
Three, \ '- in the management of THE CIRCLE. 

4. Hew members have to be sponsered by two members, and have 
to be accepted by the Committee of Five. Membership will 
be granted as soon as one year's fee has been paid. 

5. The membership fee is to be fired annually at the General 
Meeting of members by a 3imple majority. 

6. These Rules may only be amended at a General Meeting of 
members, b lajority of bhirda of those present, 

3 quorum being one-third of all members resident in 
Greater London. : day's notice has to be sent to all 
members informing them of the day and place of such mee 
ing, and of the amendments that will be moved. If one- 
third of all members resident in Greater London fail to 
be present at the ng, a second meeting has to be call- 
ed in the same way, where votes will be talcen irrespective 
of the number of members present - 

7. At the request of one-third of all members resident in 
Greater London an Extraordinary General Meeting must be 
held after due notification. 



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Tolephono Addresses 



March, 1952. 







LIST OF MEMBERS 

1. Aschor, Polix D. 

2. Bork, M. 

3. Caspar!, Peter 

4. pracnkol, Rudolf 
. 5. Freud, Ernst 

6. Frledmann, Ernest 

7. Gotell, J. 

8. Dr. Hajnal-Konyl, 
x 9. Herrmann, F. H. 

10. Herz, R. 

11. Heumann, Wo r nor 
x 12. Hoe nig, Edgar 

x 13. Jarotzki, H. S. 

14. Klein, H. R. 

15. Kohlborg, F. J. 
xx 16. Lessor, George 



THE CIRCLE 
FOUNDED 23 June 1943. 
PRIVATE TEL. 



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17. 
18. 
19. 
20 



Lossos, Jascha 
Los sos, Max 
Marcus, F. L. 
Matousek, E. 



21, Meyer, Hans 



I 



22. Newman, F. 

23. Ochs, Eugen Sigmund 
x 24. Oppenheim, Albert 

25. Ostoraotzor, Herbert 

26. Parnos, Helen 

x 27. Rachlls, Michael 
x 28. Reifenberg, H. J, 
29. Rosenthal, Harry 
xx 30. Ruhemann, F.A. 

31. Schoendorff, Ellen 

32. Singor, 0. 

33. Spiwak, H. J. 

34. Strass, Leo 

xx 35. Wolf son, James I. 



MOU... 9760 



PRI... 172^ 
CUN... 6825 
SPE... 6315 
S?E... 3471/2 
SPE... 1296 



HAM... 1336 
CUN... 4860, Ext. 98 
HAM... 0144 
WES... 5866 

PUT... 0437 

GLA... 5135 
HAM... 8897 
MUS.8736 
MAI... "837 
FIN... 0143 

SPE... 6311 
STR... 7107 
HAM.. . 0598 
PER... 2337 
GLA... 0941 

PRI... 5873 
PUT... 8099 
MAI... 8556 
PRI... 4678 

PAD... 6706 

PRI... 5629 
CUN... 0658 
TER... 3289 



OFFICE TEL. 




LAR... 2334, Ext. 




49 


* 


PRI... 1728f' 


■ 


WEL... 7396 
HOL. .. 4071 


SPE. 3471/2 


■ 


HOL... 5100, 


4730 






1 


LAN.. . 2665 


' - 


Will... 2561-3 




AMB... 2833 




VIC... 7092 | 


PAD.. . 1601, 




Ext. 221. 




LAD... 1367/8 




LAD... 1367/8 






"1 


WAT... 6922 




GRO. .. 8171, 




Ext. 7. 




TER... 3468 




PAD,.. 4201 


^ 


WAT... 5000, 




Ext. 6185 




PRI... 6779 




PUT... 8099 




PRI... 0068 




VIC... 4422, 




Ext. 236 




TER... 4200, 




Ext. 3495 


















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(XX) 



Denotes 
Denotes 



Committee member for 1952. 
Acting-Committee member for 1952. 

Georgo Lo3sor, 
Honorary Secrotary, 




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MEISE-.S OS "'HE 0IR01 - 1st JAI.U.^iY 1945 . 



.-ADAMS, A, »Aj7 iVestbourne Ct.Ors t -cr. 

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v.i .> v/ : , eterN/i/ Wa Hi.- h St. St-. John's .ood 

3 ' J , CUU.X . J.2C Grove -^xcL Gdr.s M. -.8. 

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ry,l a Greencroft Gdns, ...6. 
L^.l/' 46 jJclsize oq.h.< .3. 
,511ettG. 261 Grove Cnd Gdns,:j. .8. 
, ,l.J./ > 9 Lawn a • a Lawn d ...3. 
Holland L'ark ve, -..11 
arch court,Lyttelton d 
lsize iark Gardens., -. . 



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ehs, F.S. Nnnyuki, Court Mill, Chips tead, Surrey 



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please note the new private addresses of 

tfascha Lossos, 20 Harman Drive, N.W.2. GLAdstone 5135. 

and Max Lossos, 34 Menelik Rd. , N.W.2. IIAMpstead 8397. 

The "business address of "both brothers remains 

M. & J. Lossos & Co., Ltd., 31 Beethoven St., /.10„ 

LADbroke 1367 



Those .still in arrears with their Contribution for 1951 will find 
a slip enclosed to aid their memory. 



George Lesser* 









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■MM J __L_Lll'Tr" TT"T T «"»™*™- mi 1956 

or omissions. 

Meters a.road are entered at the endo^ist^ 



T.TW, MEiABER 
Casparl, Peter, 2. H. I. B. A. , M. E. A. 1. 0. , 

. ^q Parte Lane, York Hills, S. R. I. 
Private Address: 39 p ^ ^ > ' Ontario , Canada. 



A ,eles, Paul W. . B.B*. «. I. Struct.*.. M. An,Soc.C.E^ 

Erivat § _Md r ess 1 8 ^^^Xn't^restressef Concrete. 
feSii^SCBffiga|L -f^S^tlsh Railways, Eastern 
?*^ address:: ^^^fworks Dept. Kings Cross, 

TER 4200, Ext. 3307 

Proud, Ernst, Pipl.Ing., M.lnst.E,A. 

ao q+ Tohn ! s 7/ood Terrace, N.W.B. ***■ 

Eri^ydggyyt. f ndepenaent ^itect. 

Frledmann, Ernest P. , 8Q57 

P^i-^^l « -^Tntfrror'Efcor^r * 
^^^^ItkerBtreet, W.l. UD -9o 

Gotell, J 6315 

Privat^ddr^ 89 BeauPort Park NjW.ll. # Treheawie & >Toma n 

EgglliiSaOIiaateEi. piston & Partners. 
omrf^ 83 Kin g sway, W.C.2. 

Dr . Oott.eldt, H., H.l. Struct.., «'^' ^ 5Q39 

. M Birn Way, Vtaibley, niadlesex, *w 
p_ rivflt ,e addreagx 61 Barn ^^ ^^j,. 

Pr nfp F .r,tonal s.yioin^- 

„ t r v M. I. Struct. E. M. ~ S. c. r,. 

Dr. Hajnal-Konyi, K. , -M.I.C.E., 

. 7 ire Park, N.W.ll. .SPE 3471/2 

PEiiaiM^^frndins: Consulting Engineer. 
pv ^^RslonaX_^ tanaiBSj. 

Henle, Paul VI. , &262 

P^e^g^ Wsne, 



Hermann, F.H., RH.I.B.A..M.X.H.A. 



»rmaiui, * ^ lgg6 



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Dr.-Ing. Herz, P.., F. R. I. B. A. 



PHvnto address: 56 Sandy Lane, Richmond. Architectural 

Arts and Crafts, Lime Grove, W.12. 



Hirschmann, Ernest William, Dipl.-Ing. 



^g^^LX^araMfsUfSt^u,,, and ,C) 



Hoenig, Edgar, L.B.I.B.A., M.X.B.A. 



Private address: 8D Belsi.c Park Gardens, N. W. 3. PRI 0832 



xx Klein, Hans Rudolf, B.Se.(Eng.) 



" pjlX2M _ a ^ress 1 34 Neville's Court, Dollis Hill Lane, *%, 8. 

g^agff^SlURSSS^Mtol., St.Jonn Street, E.C.1. 

Kohl"berg, F.J. 

^^^addressi 231, Kingston Hill, Kingston on Thames. 
hZr,^cne.l standin g Designer. 



xx Lesser, George H. , Dipl.Ing. 



^vnte address: l^^&f^ksttfArohTtel^^ritish 

Professional St^ldiS^ Senior ""transport Comission. 
omc^ddressL 222 Barytone Road, H.W.I. ™* 7711, ttt.SU 

Lossos, Jascha, Dipl.-Ing., A.P.I.CD. 

m^i^jiMipm » T^TJlTok Zl*. iSt,?* 8 *. . Ltd. 

g^l^a^s-l^l^cthovenltreet, W.10. LAD 1367/8 
Lossos, Max, Dipl.-Ing., A. M. I. H. V. E. , A.M. LMech.E. 



Marcus, F.L., Dipl.-Ing., M. S. I. A, 



• no Bedford Square, V/.C.l. MUS 8736 
T^v.nte address: ^^^^^tcctural Consultant. 
Profession standing.. j*ronnieo-uuA 

xx Meyer, Hans, Dipl.-Ing. 

Slvnte address:, 33 Mountfield Road, N.3. PIN 0143 

x Millet, Albert, 

^ « . «so Fortune Green Road, N.Y/.6. H<iM Q ^ 
Pr.ivnte addrer^:. 52 * or ™" hitcctU ral Designer and Interior 

r r n f i: ^^Tj^ndln;.^ .a chltccturaj. j, b D tor 



Mork, Miss Edith, 

^ ^ + . ^rir».--« 2 Ennismore Gardens, S.W.7. 
^o^ionlrit Snalrg Industrial Designer 



KG! 6142 






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x Neurath, Mrs Marie, 

tst xa ^ HAM 7413 
Prij£ate^ddressi 8 Eldon Grove, ^£ n lnstiXu te. 

^^^S^^k,Zl°nT^l vfx. MOB 77BB 

Newman, Dr.-Ing.F. ^ 

PEivate_adci ?S S f I * *^ a f £'S Plastic Goods, 
^^^^^33^ 6 Lorenzo Street, W. 0.1. 

Ochs, Eugen Sigmund. 

. 07 Barrow Road, S.W. 16. STR 710. 
Private_aMES§^ *'° Registered Architect, street, 

Pro£^ei2Gai-^^^ ts ct ? s Office, Monoux Building, nig 

x oppenhei^, al^rt, Dlpl.-I*g. 



Reifenherg, H. J". , Dipl.-Ing. 



>ifenherg, n.u.i ~~* Qogg 

. ">15 Upper Richmond Road, S.W.15. 
l^lxal^addr^^ 31u up Archl tect. 



Rosenberg, ^ugene- 



) S enPerg, *«*— gl55 

+ oflrw^- 14 Hamilton Terrace, N.w.b. Rosenherg 

Mff^^^ Chartered Architect. (Yor ^^ 

" "ZZTT 2 Hyde Park Place, W.2. iWB 2451 

Office address. 



Tvi-ni Tnc. Arch. M. S. I. A. 
Rosenthal, Harry, Dipl. mg. 



,senthax, naxi,, ~, - MA I 8556 

. 10? Greencroft Gardens, N.W.6. 

fjTTfPili^ 1 ^t,rinaing.._ 



M .„tl»l, H. «•»«• W ^- M - '■■ , - '•"•*• 



x Ruhemanr., F.A., P.R.I-B.*- 

office a doress:. <sU et - Lb - Li ^ _ 

22i±^ — " . A ., T r F ii. i. Struct, a. 

E^ .... ..MK..Q-- 7 "?»>'« S?SJ X""' ' 






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Strass, Leo, Dipl.Ing. 

P.Wate address: 84 Peter's Court, Parehester K**.™^ 

Office address^ Klau^er ***^ ^ ^ 5 735/6 

Tischler, F, A. R. I. B. A. 

a* Q e . ra Priorv Road, N.W.6. KIL 0324 

QfHii^laressL ^°^ r ™^y,. 8 : PRI 5373, 6779 

x Wolfson, James I. , 

r-.-** address: 63 Trinity Court, Cray's Inn Road, W.^1.^ 
Profe^sionaL^ndinsL Building Consultant 




MTO1W.P3 ABROAD: 
Fraenkel, Rudolf, F.R.I.B.A. 

ProflllloniOii^^i. P ^i^i University, Oxford, Ohio. 

Hermann, Werner, N. B. D. 

/rq Tandfair Avenue, Los Angeles 24, 
p^ vfl t.p. P.ddress:. 459 Lanaiaii *v California, U.S.A. 

p^f Phonal standing Designer. 



Matousek, Bnilian, Dipl.Ing. 



mia± ^^^ 5 Magnet House, Main Street, Bulavayo,^^ 

passional st^d^ Desi^Draugnt^n aii ^ ^^ 

7W^,, address: c/o rtessrs^Havlian^ ^^ Bulaway0 . 



Sehoendorif, Miss Ellen, Dipl.Ing. Arch. 



loenaoni, rum «**w«, — . 
^to address 40 West 3»» Street, Apt.^ew Yor^l, N. 

^ Bl! address: "unite! Nations, Key, York, N. I., »«» 2430 

qincer. 0, Dipl.-Ing. 

\ a, -20 Raee Course Gardens, Peshawar, Pakistan. 

E f i|g I |gg|y^ Ce cto rtered Arehiteet. 







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"THE CIRCLE". LTST OF M ™™™**, JATTTJARY 1958 

Compiled to the oest of our Knowledge, 
without any guarantee concerning errors 
or omissions. 

Members abroad (except P. Caspari) are entered 
at the end of the List, 



LTFE MEMBER 
Caspari, Peter, P. R. I. B. A. , M.R.A.I.O. 

pHvnte Address : 39 Park Lane, York Mills, R. R. I. 
"^ " Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 



Aheles, Paul .V., D. Sc. , M. I. Struct. E. , M. An. Soc.C. E. 

v w ^ PPT 7478 
Prtvnte Address : 3 Belsize ^onw, u. U. |. ^ 

^^B?S*WUSH^^ffi^S^. astern Region, 
Office Adar. s^ ^| W Se %. , Kings Cross, 

TER 4200, Ext. 3507 

Bohm, Franz, Dipl. Ing. 

^vnte Address; 3 Norfolk ^,^.8.^1858^ ^ 
f^^^iHt andtogi Director of ^*^?orl Brigineering Ltd. 

l**™««. 65 Effrc Road, S.W.2/ BRI 4081 
Office Address : dd ^ixi- «w * 

Dyrenfurth, Ernest, Dipping. 

rW ^VimiP^tpT' Terrace. Y/.2. 



XX 



Freud, Ernst, Dipl.Ing., W. Inst.R. A. 



,„-, . «gt John's Wood Terrace, H.'.V.S. PRI 1727 
ggg.Mg^fJ- Sfrtered Architect. 

of fine Addrc?sL As abov, . 



-r 



Friedmann, Ernest P. 

Profess ional boanai-w 
hffine Addrossj . As above. 

Ghero, Stephen. 

r « ™+^ rourt Parle Road, N.W.I. P^D 3858 
m^l^^m'' *w? en Dls^neriDrau|htsnian. 

Gotell, J« 

. rq Beaufort Park, IT. 'v. 11. SPE 6315 
?r1 yn to Addre ssj. 69 Be auf o ^ ^ ect MoB;rB . Trehcarne & 
Prolur.nional . Standin g ^^ ProstoI1 & Partners. 

Offlco Aadrcr.r. s 85 ICingsway, V/.C.2. HOL 4071 
Dr. aottfeldt, H., M. 1. Struct. E. , M.Inst.W. *— >«? 

Private Addr a i 61 Barney, Wembley, Middlesex. ASH ™39 

i^TTTjIvji1^: : Consulting Engineor. 
■ icu ;> i •' FrnT 75 abovo 






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Dr. Hajnal-Konyi, K. , *u K. I. C. E. , M. I. Struct, E. , M. A. S. C. E. 

Private Address ; 7 The Park, N.W.ll. SPE 3471/2 

Professional Standing : Consulting Engineer. 
Office address: As above. 

Henle, Paul W. 

Private address: 6 Fairfax Road, N. W.6. PRI 6262 
Professional Standing : Painter, Sculptor, Designer. 

Herrmann, F. H. , F. R. I. B. A. , M. Inst. R. A. 

Private Address ; 4 North Square, N.W.ll. SPE 1296 

Professional Standing ; Chartered Architect. 

Office address; 6a Bedford Square, W.C.I. MUS 2616 

Dr. -Ing. Herz , R. , F. R. I. B. A. 

Private Address : 56 Sandy Lane, Richmond. RIC 6289 
Professio nal Standing and Address : Lecturer, 
Hammersmith College .of Art and Building. 

x Hirschmann, Ernest William, Dipl. Ing. 

Private Address ; 93 Highview Road, W.13. PER 3026 
Professional Standing; Civil Engineer. 



j 



, Edgar, L. R. I. B. A. , li. Inst. R. a. -J" 



Hoenig 

Private Address ; 3D Belsize Park Gardens, IT.W.3. PRI 0832 

Professional Standing : Chartered Architect. 

Office ^dare.::-.: 79 P etty France, Westminster, S.W.I. ABB 4101 

Klein, Hans Rudolf, B. Sc.(Eng.) 

Private Address ; 34 Neville's Court, Dollis Hill Lane, N.W.2. 
Pvof c.^si oirl Standing : Lecturer. ^ ^ DO 

Office Wess : Nort hampton College of Advanced Technology, 
• " St. John Street, E.C.1. 

Kohl"berg, F.J. 

Private Address : 23 d" Kingston Hill, Kingston on Th 
pT>ofesr-.ioi^'l Standing : Designer, 




Lesser, George' H. , Dipl.Ing. ^ Ifl **#*. &. 



Private Address: 11 Campion Road, S.W.15. PUT 8991 
S^^in^I St :mdin fl : Senior Assistant Architect, British 

— — " ~~~~ Transport Commission. 

Office Address: 222 ^Wltoad, II.W.1. MB 7711, Ext. 219 

Lossos, Jascha, Dipl. -Ing. 9y ^» I. C. D. 

^^ffl^^SStSSl*"^ Sioflco Ltd. 
Q^riSdros'? ^ QtLvon Struct, W.10. L-D 15-67/3 

Loesos, Max, Dipl.Ing., A. ;■:. I. H. V. E. , A.K. I.Mech.E. 

Private Adftrur.s : 34 tfenelifc Road, S.W.S. HAM 8897 
gpofu aB ionnl S to-ndlng : Company Dtrec to r, cis £<4°^ , 
T 5u Addi-ooV ri oTTSo-thoven. Street, ..10. L.J) lobiyu 

-i", P.L., Dipl.Ing. ^££ 7^>'W3 vSV// 32irr? 

' to Aflaynan i i^Bcdford SqSare, ^V.C.l. MU8 6736 
"T^nSTlTl ■• '.ndin;: : Architectural Consultant. 






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Meyep, Hans, Dipl.Ing. I I 

private Address : 71 Fitzjohn's Avenue, N.W.3. HJ*M 9566 

Mork, Miss Editha, 

wv.t. n Address: 2 Ennismore Gardens, S.W. 7. KM 6142, 6815 
Professional Standing; Industrial Designer. 

Neurath, Mrs. Marie 

Private Address ; 3 Eldon Grove, N.W.3. HAM 7413 
hffir-o Addre ss: 68 Oxford Street, rf.l. MUS 76&9 
Neman, Dr.-Ing. P. ty ;,Vj /j ")''..( 

Pro^..sion _^o, _ siik screen Printing. 

O^^i^^Od^s^: 6 Lorenzo Street, W.C.I. TER 3468 

Ochs, Eugen Sigmund, M. Inst.R.A. 

Office Address: Monoux Building, High Street, E.17. LAR 1929 



Oppenheim, Albert, Dipl.Ing. 



Private Address t 16 Somali Road, ^^J M 0598 
P^iT::,rional ^t-mdinr; : Architect, r.tir^d. 



Quittner, V., Ph.D., A.H.I.B.E. 



• ♦ •flflrr. • 129 Sutherland Avenue, W.9. CUN 0069 
fiii^rtiuidS: Electrical Engineer. 

Eeif enherg , K. J. , Dipl. Ing. 

„• ♦ caress- 315 Upoer Richmond Road, 8. W. 15. PUT 8099 
RSLSSL& aS' ^ivate Architect 



Rosenalc, 8. , B. 8c. , A. M. I. Struct. E. /^ ,, , - ' 

„ • ill Oonse Hill, Wimbledon, S.V/.20. WM 7386 
vr,^rr,tr. nddrersi 111 Copse juu-l, _ Engineer. _ 

fS j- EI ^ 0iia din £ : W^W^ -<V. /\ A***^*?-. 
p^enherg, Eugene, F.R. I. B..u J^»u>/^ 'nn^t.*. 

^^^Odr^s: 14 Hamilton Terrace, N. W.8. ; CUN 9155^ ^^ 
'r ofession^S tajiding: Chartered architect ixor > & . ;ardal 



P: 

Pro: 



5. 



A IB 4521 



Office .v^ drus^L 2 Hyde Parle Place, W.2. 
withal, Harry, Dipl.Ing., -rch.Lu S. I. A. 
fatof *M :• ^i GPecncroft Gardens, IV.7.6. MAI 8556 
E r ^T-M7^ri' Standing : Fret Lance. 

' "thai, h. Werner, Dipl.Ing., F.H.I.B.A., &IjB^ Boss™ 
^i^daress: Oreystead, Quill Hall ™t£»*%*»* 

>ls nal standing : Private Architect 
; ' _: oOB Wlmpolo Stre t, './.!• 







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Ruhemann, F. «.. , F. R. I. B. A. , M, Inst. R. A, , M. R. S. H. 

Private address : 46 Belsize Square, N.W.3. PRI 4678 
Professions E nding: architect, Surveyor, Mer Hot Consultant. 
Office ^ddrTs^ ; 20 Bulsise Square, N.W.3. PRI 0068 

Samuely, Felix J., B.Sc.(Eng.), M. I. C. E. , M. I. Struct. E. , 14. Con. E./^- 

Private Address : 7 Oakhill House, Oakhill Way, N.W.3. HAM 7688 
Profcs3iona~Standin.r . Consulting Engineer 
Office Address : 8 Hamilton Place, .v.l. GRO 6791 
5 Grafton Street, W.l. HYD <& < < 

Smith, Mrs. Elizabeth. Josephine, 

Private address : 218 Endsleigh Court, Upper Wohurn Sgg^* ' 1 ' 

Professional Standing: assistant ^t^riJ^W, 

Office address: Architect's Office Civil Engines Dpt. , 

Euston, N. tf.l. EUS 12o4t, ^xx. o^jo 

Steinitz, E.W., Dipl. Hig. , P. Inst. Pet. , *. Inst.Mech.E. 

Private .,dd re_ss: 789 Finchley Road, adders Green, ^^ 

Professional Stand i^ Research Chemist. 

Strass, Leo, Dipl. Ing. -f~ 

«. rz pptcr's Court, Porchestcr Road, W.8. BAY 7017 
gfiBffiLSiS* Co^-Sond Sat in ^.eign lodges. 
Kwnn Addres¥T 66 Finshury Pavement, IS. 0.2. HON x^yu 

Walles, R., A. B. I. B. A. • HV 

• * •*,,„„<==. ifi Fon-rch Court, Lyttelton Road, N.2. SPE 6190 
SffijffiffiJLJrSSl^. National Coal Board, 

- TO ~ Reconstruction Dpt. 

Office Address! Hohart House, GrosvenorPl.ee, 8. W. 1. ^10^401 



xx Wolf son, James I., Dipl. Ing. arch. 

Private address ; 63 Trinity Court, Gray's Inn Boad.^0.^ 
w^^n^l Standing: Building Consultant. 




KTMTffRS ABROAD 

Fraonkel, Rudolf, F.E. ^.^V^ stre ct, Oxford, Ohio, U.S.,.. 
g^vntB Address 1 156 South u. -in J^r £ awn0Gd Design, Miami 
Pro fuss ion-,l_^tanding. ProfcS u°^ v "sity, Oxford, Ohio. 

He SStf^^dM r -enue, Los Angeles 24, California, 

T>™<v,r.str>n al Standi ng: Designer. 
""Sg^ffiSSi "Snstralctiva Company", Marandcllas, S. Rhod.sia. 

^^^^^ ! fusing' »^*»*«5JW^ 
Offloo address : United nations, New York, H.Y., Pi 

31 pll^idSf g 20 Race Cours . rdens, Peshawar, Pakistan. 

\'~y, ;',.,-! ->■ • ■ ', uUn ". C3 architect. _ 






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THE rT-i"»- - tnnual I,lim — 



20. Mai 



1942_ 




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Ihr Wunsoht, ™as ..poonens.u , sei u frag 

Die AJrtMrt Din ich g^&.^eim zu heiBen 
Aut deatsoh P^^ St. toheim Z u reifien. 

so ?run s ^s^»b saw. 
..ws s ssBFas rax. «.. 

Oit mufi nan - wenn n ^ c fie * . ime traufen'i 

land ioh Lehre -Croligemuter ^eister^ ._ oister "? 

()er ,. w ie ham. S^chs sagt, ■« "Sst'nloM reinlich, 
war, & ? eth ! rl s S^t soloh Erdenrest nioht heinlich?" - 
,- f'-^ollt^ ich mi ■ itres Diehten sehentan 

Vle w an vernulft- e\- - .chiohten denken. - 
w t1 ,ht I aihelm Busch entschieden meint, 
V °^ C e "h^ and gemieden seheint, 
,,cnn der \ewubte Gri«. « ' ca » ch i B ^t 

Dooh'tefzt tut uns der 3 rune not: 

! te rt M : ' ' ■»• 

^SaTTila S uAd 'lhA,oil ohlieBlich wissen. 

Nun denn: Zu einer sehr fcor Jut 

SoSStt jUngst der ho . nrat, 

Irs Kommitee der "Up; -^ Icn" . _.. . 

DieT^est zu gefcen kttrzlich, nest 

So ^ing es an das Annual Dinn «, 

Dos es mit sehr vergnugtem feinn ertaohte. 
,**T -,aPht' der lein uns "dkonoraischen summer, 
iW Vd "ton: *ie *ommt man zu rfiner Xomischen ; «er 
Dem Clou, der nioht Vor-lust, nur Lust gebraoht hatt , 

■ioruber man aus voller Brust gelachthatt t 
Da6 vier vorher sich urn den aolinaus gensaen, _ 

Nioht nachher klagt, sein ield sei ran jhmissen. 

-,.„„„ h ier sind Sie, zahlreich, wie 
Je Xreuen sle den Sohritt, den Sie gev-agt, 
kt s Sie dies Fest in engre Jahl gezo„en. 

Zvvar wird gewifi nioht nur die aahl gewogen, 
Doph moren nie mehr die *nnalen zeigen, 

DaB SSarts sioh die .itgliedszahlen neigen. 
Denn was du mit zu kleiner |,hl ver. . 

1st hofinungslos, sodaf, ou mal ^ n s fleiiiig _ : 
Du drliekst den ,/erheknopl, au dxuc. 

Es bleiten xmmer die Yf*"*n" t ,- m immt, 
^^e^mrzi^r^iont: doon ist'nioht verstimmt. - 
von fernen Landern kamen wir [en. 

^ViS fir nlerherVom , * f ek™ 

Als D utsc, . f rn^i- sohie1 _ 

^/^aionsnirn^.h^.mit : .;l ; --.,.n.. 
"so kamen wir aus mancher n..rr.n L..na. 

-an --sa-s? ; -■■""• 

° "L h j u :r s.lbU, wie er - ■- • 

u a tain" ' - keinnooh u - 

"''^fniemand eiAen bloods For a ■ it. 

Und i er wird "I let you , 

Doch dieses "No!" hat an i . i ;onagt. 







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Und 




ihm fast nach Selbstverriichtung ri^cht, 
. kurz: ihm pafit die ganze jxiohtimg nicht I 
Da packt ihn, der doch was Gesoheut «b weifl, Graue n^ 
Ihr konnt mir mal ins AUge kreuzweis schauen! - 
Kein freundlich .fort, nach dem er lechz , and rings 

./ohin er hOrt, nur -nglisch rechts und links. 
Er sfdhnt, wenn Sehnsuoht ihn zurUckbegleit .t . 

"Dort, wo du nicht bist, da ist Gluck bereitet ! 
^uch scheints, dab hinter ihm die ...enge lacht: 

Ob aas des uantels grofi're L&nge raa.cht? 
wilt Grara denkt er des kontinentalen ...eters. 

die gern auch hier mit uezimalen tat er s. 
Doch dafiir ist der Britenstaat berllhmt, - 

Es ist auch vvohl in Gottes Hat bestimmt -, 
Dab man vora liebsten uezimal mufi scheiden 

Und ,-ieter, Celsius, Gramm pauschal fliufi meiden. 
liun, wer auf keine utth 1 verzichten wollte, 

die er den ,.aben and uewichten zollte, 
Und wer sofort in Fub and ..oil gefuhlt, 

Ist's, der aach hier bald auf ^rfolge zielt. 
Hat ihm der Kopf auch dann ana warm gedrohnt: 
^r hat sich eben schlieBlich dran gew'dnnt. 
./as er nicht aas der Fantasie holt frei, 

Lernt er, zumBeispiel, was Freeholdsei. 
Selbst ira Gesprach wird er ein netter Jicht, 

5 cheat kein' Gemeinplatz, selbst das better nicht 
Vvi Und kann erhob' nen Hauptes kscklich schrciten. 

Vergcssen sind die vielen Schrecklichk i n, 
Und hinter ihm jetzt: wesenloser 5 eh in. 

./as wird, runt in der ^ukunft SchoB allein. 
kian s chaff ts ! braucht nicht mehr ohn. it zu ruhn. 
"Bald hat ' er Arohitokt mit ^lat zu tun, 

ochwim.: auf dem Papier gehaust, 

'.{ i Let, hie LUSt, 

Vernunft sich formen: 
Drmen. - 



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Schon wi: 

Hier wird skizziert, 
Und jeder Plan labt mit 

ik»an wahlt blob eine von 
Von manch Kollegen ein Ge fluster 



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i)aLU er urn Aufnahm' ims Register fleht, 
,/eil's jedem gut fur sein Vorhaben steht, 

.Venn er zum Namen auch Buchstaben hatt ' . 
Wie oft er sich auf Konferenzen tummel 1 , 

Er habt den ganzen Kompetenzenrummel 
Und kampft urn mancherlei Dispens, nicht zart, 

Der wie der nicht mit der Lizcnz sich mart. 

^DeTire^ ^TLT §^M^^^> 
So ists der Bauherr, der das schlieBlich tragt, 

Obwohl er an die Brust verdneblieh schl go. 
Der Bauherr! - ./as weiB der von . l, Tuten? 

Das Kunstlers Herz mag m ^.ks-tasen bluten, 
" ein Plan erschcine auch den deinen -mist -. 
Der Bauherr hat von all dem kemen Dunst . 
Er Hebte billigen Ef fektcn-Tand, 

WofUr er keinen Architekten fand, 
Und wenn du's fertig in d c Pause hast, 

Ists fraglich, ob's d ' Frauvom Hause pabt. 
5o find't er immer ira irojekt ein riaar, 
Dabei hat er es ausgeheckt ^ i^ Jahr. 
Wie hast du dann wohl unterm Sporn i;ezuc/:t 

Und - hinter seinem Rlicken - iorn espuokt! 
Das will raich nunmehr an die Planner mahnen. 

Was alles diese klihnen fugnnor planen! 
Kioht dab die wolkenkuckuoksheime baucn 

Und wahlloc StraBen ziehn und Ba'ume hauen. - 
Der Planner weiB, was nb'tig Leute haben, 

Dab sie sich kUnftig mehr als heute laben. 
Br weifi auch, was se lieben, was se klagen: 

Sowas kann nur ein mann von Klasse wagen. 
Dann raub er seine Analysen deute 

Und zeigen, was denn l*ot tut die sen Leuten. 
Da, wo man ihn am off'ne Llaumo bat, 
Schafft er fUr . , Strauch an 

Er maoht Verkehr durch tieuo Straflon leiohter, 

Die alten, die zu wUnsohen lasaon, streicht or 



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Sodaii niit ^roben wie nit kleinen ,/agen Clrcle 5 

...an si cher fahre, ohne .j'einen, klagen. 
Solch .-irken schatzt selhst der hanause noch, 

l>er heat 1 in Slumc sich fUhlt zu nause noch. 
Doch was sind hoifnungen, fcntwttrfe <ienen! 

vev reine Tor! Lr 6'lauot, er dlirie wahnen, 
ivian k'dnne zeichnend allerhand gestalten. - 

rfie selten hat die ^ukunf b standgehalten. 
AEh meistens oleiot auf dem Papier der Schein: 

,,an UberlaDt den Armen schier der Tern. 
Nun dcnkt an unsrer engineers Ges chick, 

(Sie za ver^essen brach' mir schier's aenickn 
£,r reclinet nie im ..opf, sich lieoer schont, 
./eil alles sich mit .(echenschijber lohnt 
Uas sieht auch jeder, weil 1 so nett wa ' , ein. 

u o: 3 mal 3? - ? -: annahernd etwa 9! 
Doch vjie der neizungsingenieur sich hetzt: , 

^r kommt, sieht, riacht and schafft tenor sich jstzt: 
"Nicht den iCamin, den arg verrasten, huiz!_ 

"Iiiuim den ..onvektor, der spart Hustenreiz." 
Fragt man inn: Isoliert ein ^ater-jal? 

,veiB er sofort die Antwort: ''da, th i' . 

wanch ein^r ist ein Spczialist jewesen, 

hat auf nochschulan, wij ihr wifst, gelesen, 
hat sich mit Reinforced Concre 3 . .. ■ Sfti^t 

end ge ,gen Stahl ucn Unterschied I tigt. 

£r weifi, wenn man Beton auch E ktisch preBt, 

Er "bleibt auf uMg und Bruck gleich bisch fest. 

Auch seine Kenntnis sohr bcsticht in Briicken: 

,/ as er berechnet, niemals bricht in Stiieken. 
Ich selhst versttinde das so leben3gorne, 

Uoch glaub 1 ic]1 » aa - 1: ' ich '- l: '" s verse "bens lernc . 
*ur Prtifung hat man mich geplackt, S^trie^en: 
Fur mich ist Konkret stets *hstra] 
^nn.f kann ich von dem fcebiet mcht knegen, 
^ h IcHel/blofi einl: ...an kann Concrete nicht biogen. - 
,un, Gruppe 4 will auch nichts kleiner's sagen. 
die hdrt man Per die 1^31,2^3 klagen, 
) dab sie uns%er 6 ull'n-aTe rbissen, 

Lie uns die braveb ^uckerb liehen. 

n Sr Tl die in den ,unstgehegen leid - 
/% von ihnen spreehen ist Verlegenheit ! 
Nun ist ja das, was der designer kann, 
NUn ^rade das, ',orauf noch k 'sann, - 

-,: M ym-nfpr der fur neue wormen iicn-o, 
* VcWnlt ' er lie her shtan Formen nicht, - 

Der schbner erkzeug und ,.aschinen <a*oht 

hesi^ners, P lanners hah' ich he it, 

^|^fK^n-T^n-Trcli:^ r -l:tcn - sehr gehetzt -, 

Und hah' mich zu CT. 
i-.ii i. necht den 



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•■CircT"" n .i- - n wir ' s genannt . 



pr nKre 1 s" cl^s " Circles" nicht geschlo 

BrB ?S 8 SLSSi-^ncr Auf stieTircTnicht._ 

/pnn ihr dls fiihlt, so ist mein 3an S gelungen. - 
''^IoB; nah' ich nicht schon viel zu lane gosungen? 
llPhr btroih.n wurdet nn' verwundert hOiei , 
Meh ?hr denkt: ttott schUtze, wenn's noch 100 jaren. 
Ihr haht mir reiehlich schon ueduld &; iKt . 

Kin Tropf, w.r nicht der 1 iscimla g^ denkt. 

ja x»ank! - u uch alien, die zum Feste gin en, 

\uf unsru Lockung sich als Ga'ste fin^en, 
Sich auf uas iviahl uixd aui ie schau '- ut . 

und dicsmal hat auch keine Frau cheut 

Zu kommen. Fiihlt man sich nicht die ■ i n? 

ijenn i)amen sinu bei uns noch nie //esen, 
Dio himmlisch' no son in das Leihl clw n I . 

urum lalit zum achlul^ das Ewig icihlich^ lobonl 



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Aufmuntc runs 
ztim "Luatl.on Abcad* an 2$« Hal 19^1 



Zoit s _;o7los^• , and ICollegel 
:;ilG r iu C d< o nelli to i ace 
Hooh tien Bluuen Donau - Grundan, 
Urn Erhcitrun^ dort zu fiadan. 

Snge n 1 o h t t "Ioh Chilean nioh alia, 
Donn waa achaut dr.bei h< 
Lr>oh lol df ai sr Tmaon? #i 

.crd io]i nioht vor falnn hnon? 

Ge] loh hin - feein ' nn tat O.rln, 

oil ic: nicht In ;tiromung bin. 
Auager ohnc b tt! 

Ioh gen lieber fruh zu lett!" 

ute, 1 oioh nloht «. itblodon, 
^o t\n 3<s i " ar zu reden - 

Solohe freilloi flnd^loli ale lich 
;ond«i ' • ill' • 

joI i>u nloht wlc 09 1 

San nor feaeh - una *rnat belaeita! 

L( .; eitr< wlrd Dir Icier 
AU9 Qem heats n Zlrkular. 
Al30 , lb 1. elnen itoaa 1 

. 1 auf , >a wlrd famoa* 

111st Du aber nit dan Eoinon 
.oh on aura Abondbrot erachelnen. 
Dann beatell bel vlr I 4 i n - a o o n . 
Ditto baldi Und nloht Vti 'j oonl 



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"Lustigen Abend 1 ' des "Circle" am 2% Mai 1951. 



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Heissa- und Juohhelssa-Rufer! 
Lustige Nacht am DonaU-Ufer! 

Das geht 3a, hoch her. Ihr sold auch daDei, 
So zahlreich wie niemals, ein kecord 
In unscrn Circlo-Bannalan. 

Heut v/ollt Ihr mal ausspannen, Euch lm Gei3t 
Von dioser IrCbsal-Inael versetzon 
Zu jenen Gluckseli;;en, Borgloson Insoln - - 
Wle war doch der ITamc? So ahnlich vie ^-Souci, 
Doch in einer andern Sprache. - Jeozt hab ion s. 
Ea Bind die "A-Zorcs". 

Hier seid Ihr vers amine It am gastlichen Ort , - 
"It a ghastly place", wie derEnglander eagt,- 
Als brave Mitglieder, nicht wie so oft 
Als ein Vicious Circle. 

Und hat der Vorst nd so oft gekls 
fthr-r Manuel an Co- operation, . 

Tat BiSd wir wleder, asmk leasers Bemuin, 
Eine Co-operative Society. 

So zoigt Euch gloichgultig gegon olle 
Advuizos und Eizes der Pescimiston 
Und gobt den Kelancholorikcrn **+**-+. 
Die einzig ritfhtigc, die Gotzische Antv/ort. 
Wie ich Dir mal, so Du mir mal 

Hiildiet heuto dem neuen Llarxismua , 
(gena^t nach den TSbx* I re) ..und vor 

Traumet wieder als Kind Euch zuracke 
Und lemt von Ncucm das A-B-o. 

Trnr^mt Mnor her ^us fromden Landorn, 

Kommt ^cr^hor ^ ^^^ gohr mi ern ( 

TTnfl nil dr\a Weuo dis or och?.ut 

Un Erschoint ihm gSnzlioh unvortrr.ut. 



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Dem abzuholfcn, hab ' ich jetzt 

Vorschicdno Wink© aufgosetzt, 

Damit er England riohtig sch': 

Das E m i g r a n t o n - A - B - C : 

A t o m o , winzig sicht man kaum. 

A g e n d o n pfliickt mm nicht vom Baum. 

Big Ben geht eincn Penny nach, 
Der Busman halt nur, ivonn or mag. 

Dor Common Cold 1st unabwondlich. 
Das Cricket blcibt ganz unvcrstandlich.. 

Si ^ c i m a 1 s let'B jotzt zu suat. 

-uer JJOiiargap kommt von dor Po vert St. 

Dor Emigrant 1st schr gescheut. 
h t o n ict niohta fur unsro Lout. 

ii^s Festival stoht nur schon bis dahin. 

Dcr C q n t W Jn U t G - l G **™ k ™ leioht vordorbon. 
Dor L-entloman ist ausgestortcn. 

5™ V S + Si ? d i d0al » und sweot » und-knapp. 
l^n Hut mmmt man hier nicmals ab. 

Die I nlan d Revenue maoht sich Sorgcn. 
xaontlty Cards sind nicht zum Veiborgcn. 

Mo J u g c n d benimmt sich schr salopp. 

Dor J e r r y b u i 1 d e r kriogt den Job. 

Der K a f f © o fchlt dem Wiener sehr. 

Das K 1 i m a kommt vom Wot tor her. 

Die Labour braucht viol Polizei. 

Zum Lunch ist London geschlossen bjs Drei. 

pV 1 V B a tpp beraten die Massonspolsung. 
Fur Modem Art lies die Gobrauchs-Anwelsung. 

Dor Nobel ist was ganz Apart 'a. 

Dio he lion Nylons kauft man schwarz. 

Opposition bczahlt dcr Koni . 
Das x f e n e Pouor hoizt nur v/enig. 






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P o r r i 4 g o iet dou Briton Spoiso. 
pjefst flndt man otollonwolao. 

d » | J P 2 KK8 23? i . a, »"? » « - «• 

+ r- p i o - Charges sind kblossalt 
IHlon sUtuLr-.ochvorti^l. 

a- trlnlrt men fttnfinel am T^c Jotrti 
I.« wlrd nio naoh dom Neman gesetzt. 

i i i + v uird nio lcngweilig. 
Vu/o r m lat au<* hicr toili*. 



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vr , , t o h a 1 1 liogt des Pudcl.i Kern. 
VtVo V Bprioht man immor gem. 

v o h i r c - Pudding ist;Englands Bhrc. 

^^^i^cLcDroi-Fuss-A^rc. 

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Begrussung 
Zun "Lustigen Abend" des "Circle" am Z$. Mai 1951 










Wertgoschatzto BundoGglicder, 
Zi rkols chwes to rn , Z i rko lb rude r , 
Mo Ihr trou und unverdrosscn, 
Freigesinnt und frisch-Gntschlosscn 
Euch vorsamniGlt scharenv/oiso 
In des "Circle's" Zaubcrkroiso - 
Gas to auch nicht ausgonomineni - 
Alio, Alio co id willkoinmon! 
Stiirzt Euch munter ins Vergnugon 
Und ^©nicest in vollcn Ziigen! 
Fuhlt Euch noglichst vie lu Hauso 
In dor trr.uton Circle-Klauso! 

Las at Euch jotzt vor allon Dingcn 
Erst mal zum Bev/usstsein bringon, 
Wio dio hoho Obrigkv/it, 
Die ho floissig und geschcit, 
Uncrmiidlich Tag und Nacht 
Euor Wohl und Weh bewaoht. 
Noulich, -.Is dor Droicr-ilusschuss 
- Ganz intin und untor Aussehluss 
An&rcr Horrn von Zohncr-Rat - 
Wiodor mal zuspjancntr t, 
Da begann oin _ rossos Krc bzen 
Auf don gram-durchfurchten Glatzon - - 
Falsch! Ich muss mich gleich bcrichtigen, 
Um Protesto zu beschwichtigen: 
Ep.lt ich Umsehau, so gewahr ich, 
Dob's dor Ausschuss noch rccht ha rig! - 
Kurz und gut: Verdustort schienon 
Meyer - Y/olfson - Lossers Mienon. 

Meyer, als der Senior, 
Spr.^nr; von soincm Sitz enpor, 
Und die Faust voll Ungcduld 
Hiub or drohnend auf dr,s Pult: 
"Longer kann es so nicht gehen, 
Sonde rn otwas muss gesehehen! 
Donn ^s 1st nicht alius gut, 
Was der hoho Circle tut. 

Zv/ar dor Ausschuss fruh und spat 
Fiebert vor Aktivitat. 
Mancho LECTURE voll Finesse 
Fordert aac Berufs-Intresse. 
Zwanglos, aber wohldurchdacht , 
Wird co mancher TALK vollbracht. 
Oft in ongror Frcundes-Rundo 
In dor Mittv/och-Abond-Stundc 
Warden schone ANEKDOTEN 
Horz-orquickend d ir ;oboten. - 

Dcnno c h : B ang e Z v e i f c 1g - Frag en 
Fuhlo ich ira Bus en nagen: 
Wird, was not tut, untornoinnen 
Zu des Circlo's Nutz und Frommen? 
Wird auch hoho'rc Vorpflichti 
Voll crkannt in jeder Richtung? 
Wird genugond Zeit Lht 

Frohlichor GeselliglxitT 




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Chock-, 



Wor die Horzon will bowogon, 
Hat Goaolligkeit zu pflogon, 
Dorm daa hochate aller Guter 
Sind orhoitorto Gcmliter, 

Fornor dann: Main ate tor Arger 
Sind dio bos en Druckoborgcr, 
Die si oh nio die Muho nohmon, 
Zu den Mootinga hinzuatromen. 
Punktlich zwar crschoint ihr 
Doch sio aelbcr bloibcn wee! 
Solchcs ,:eht rair schior zu Horzon. 
Unklug war 1 os , hier zu schorzon. 
Wenn una solcho Plagon kratzen, 
LIusa uii3 ja der Kragon platzen! 
Sagt rnir drum, mit was fur Listen 
Man bokehrt die Abaontiston! 
Sagt, wio konncn wir's erst re "ben, 
Die Botoiligung zu hobon?" 

Hierauf schwieg.man f'tinf Minutcn, 
'.Vahrend dom die Gcistcr ruhten. 
Wolfs on, der I dc en-Mann, 
Hub wio folgt zu redon an: 
"Gar koin Grund, sich aufzurogon! 
Was ist da zu iborlogen? 
Unser Eerrr.iann braohto nculich 
Einon Vorachlng, ochr erirculich, 
Donn or aagte: Ausscrst nett 
1st so'n kleines Kabarett! 
Also machen wir's doch so - 
Daboi ist kein Riaiko -: 
Lessor setzt, so achn^-ll er kann, 
Einon L u a t-i g c n Abend can. 
Ein geachioktoa Zirkular 
Le£t dio Sacho lockend dar, 
Und Introssu wird erwockt: 
Also garantiort porfokt!" 

Jotzt der Dritto in der;. Bundo 
Sah bedonklich in die Rundo, 
Und naoh reifor uberlcgung 
Gab or Dieses zur Erwagung: 
"Lustier Abend! - Frout nich hcrzlich. 
Und nur o i n Problem iatachmerzlicn, 
Waa direkt zum Himnel scl.reit: 
Y/oher nimmt man Luatigkcit? 
Dieso niitzlichu Subs tanz 
l3t vom i.larkt vcrsohwundon ganz. 
Luatigkoit wird oft vcrmiaat, 
Y/cil siu nicht vorhanden ist. 

Doch ich will nich mit Vergnugen 
Eurer boaaroii Einsioht i'u^on, 
Donn ich setze mein Vortrauen 
Auf den Donau-Club, don Elauon. 
Hi^r auf Hampstoads holier Dune, 
Unter Peter Eorzona Buhnc, m 
Wo das Auge achweift ins Gruno, 
V/o dor Fuss zur Ticfc dringt, 
Doch dor Geist sich aufwarta schwingt, 
Wo Fr-ru Kohn mit woiaor;Muho 
Sorgt fur Braten und fur Bruno, 










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Wojnan edlon Apfelstrudel 

Spiilt horab mit Apfclsprudel, 

Wo dor Kaffcekcssol brodelt, 

Wo dor Steiernarkcr jodolt, 

Wo dor Mann von Budapest 

Sich oin Gulasch Kommcn lasst, 

Wo Gich Pankow, Stoglitz, Frohnau 

Spiogcln in dor Blauon Donau, 

Wo dor Mens oh von Britz, von Stralau 

Kolportiort don vVitz von Kalau, 

Wo sich j e d c r -Europaar 

Funic t Alt-Europa nahcr -: 

H i o r vicllcicht wird ^s gollngcn, 

Frolic Stlmniung aufzubringan. 

Mancher Fro und wird sich bomuhon, 

Witz-Rakcton zu verspruhen, 

Un zu Jodormanns on 

Etwas Uottcs bcizutra&exu 

Frisoh gewagt ist halb gelungen, 

Frisch gehupft ist halb gesprungsn, 

Und das kuhno Untcrfangon 

Moge zun Erfolg gclangGnl" 

Kiorauf scl.ritt dor Droior-Rat 
Ung c s au m t z ur c rns ton Tat, 
Und doa ondlicho Ergebnis 
Ist das heutgo Fcst-Erlcbnis f 
Drum, Ihr Alton und Ihr Jungcn, 
Plaudcrt froi und ungGZWUngcn, 
Lasst von Frohsinn Euch erfiillon 
Und verjagt die alten Grilloii, ■ 
Unsro taglichcn Be.jloitor! 
Y/orft Tioiscito, was nicht hcitor! 
Niumand soil an Aufbruch donkon 
Und die Schrittc hoimwarts lenken, 
Bis das Fost-Prograrnm bcschlosscri," 
Bis dor lotzto Trunk jenosson, 
Bis man sich bcoilcn muss 
Zu dem lotzton Autobus, 
Bis die alto Bakerloo 
Schliosst ihr Sohweizor-Hausohen zu ~ 
Lann orst, Fro undo, lasst uns gehn, 
Und auf frohco Y/iodersohn! 



Goor,;o Lessor, 



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Vortrage zum Annual Dinner des "C i re 1 e',' 
Association of Architects, Engineers, Planners & Designers, London 

am 24. November 1?55» 

V RSPRUGH, von G. Lesser. 

Liebe Gaste, Freunde und Kollegen! 
Wieder einmal seht ihr froh ent^e&en 
All den leckerhaften guten Dingen, 
Deren Diifte aus der Kuche drin&en, 
Wo Fran L e c h n e #> r ihres Amtes waltet 
Und so kostliche Menus gestaltet. 

Seid gegrusst! Und nehmt sogleich zur Kenntnis 
Unser unumwundenes Gestandnis, 
Dass als Fest-Pro^ramm uns schwebte vor: 
Frohe Laune , Heiterkeit, Humor. 
Unser Motto ist in grossen Zugen: 
Stimmung, Spass , Gel'achter und Vergnugen. 

Aber ach! Schon frag' -ich mich beklommen: 
V/erdet ihr auf eure Kosten kommen? 
7/erdet ihr bei unsern Spass en schmunzeln 
Oder kritisch eure Stime runzeln? 
Werdet ihr euch freun am he item Spiele 
Oder gahnen wie die Krokodile? 
Ferner bittc- frcundlichst z&» boachten, 
Dass wir alles ganz alleine machten, 
Dass wir in der eignen quelle fischen, 
Urn euch frische Fische aufzutischen, 
Dass wir in den eignen Bus en greifen 
Und auf fremde "Entertainers" pfcifen. 

Darum, wenn ich herzlich bitten darf , 
Urteilt sanft und mildo, nicht zu scharf! 
Wenn's dem Humoristen nicht gelingt, 
Dass er euch spontan zum Lachen bringt, 
Lasso t Nachsicht walten und Gcduld! 
Denkt: Es ist gewiss nicht seine Schuld. 
Ein Problem ist so ein Kabarett, 
Darum seid zu uns ein bisschen nett! 
Wirklicher Humor ist leider selten, 
Darum lasst den guten Willen geltcn, 
Und nach jedera neuen Ohrenschmaus 
Spendet reichlich Beifall und Applaus, 
Weil der Kunstler das so gerne sieht! 
Und nun: Recht gesunden Appetit! 








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DAMENTOAST 



ven Hans Meyer 



Sonnet 



Ha.be nun, ach, seit langen Zeiten 

Zu alien diesen Gtiegenhei ten 

Durchaus studieit mit heissem Be...nhn 

ie iede, Gedicht form. ..dip Terzin', 
,t, AiphaBet, aen KfiuEu jvers 

Una leider auch den Schlittelvers. 
Und nun sollt's wieaer was neues sein. 

Hier stockt' icn schon. Nichts fiel mir ein 
Fur den Circle schien mir alles zu schlecht, 

Kurz, keine Vers- Art war mir recht. 
If my talking G< rman should v-orry 

A few of our guests - I am sorry. 
But you will forgive mi , I know it. 

Af t< r all : I'm i o I I oet. - - 

Da stand ich nun, ich rmer Tor 

Und war ! 






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Da - kaum schrieo ich da hin ^f k ^ l |chnitt's ae Ritz, 






Jetzt endlich fall'n von meiner 



Leier Schleier, 









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, zt endlich raii'n von - ^j- freier. 
Ich schlage sie zur beutigen «ei« 
Doch «s ist Form?- wird ^ ju sagen e 

Der S:nn ists, nach » singen klmgen, 

g0e |!o t h V SSnn C i5r » ^He!^^*" 

Gleich muss ten «' ^XMinuten rShten. 

Sodass «" '"I^mpM nan Kaun. in Zaun: -, 
Den frischen Eifer hielt man ^V" u schaum. 

Und doch ward manoter Blutentraw zu^ 
Das wurde anders, als 0-ie R h nahmen, 

Und ihren Platz ^ u nserm n <m _ ob 

Ins Bild dann auch das DiasKop sic lcb , 

Und das Niveau nech h*-| r ^ sCh „ellen 

Merkt ihr, v-orauf *° h J „npeheuei teuer? . . 



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und andre Sachen machen, 



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VnTPiSHdie, Toast una •«!.«-.■•;■„ 
u, lelephoj °«fi?°KS"lireSicht e r, ricbt 
« B A.ftSSStK*J«5SJ« "SS'Staii rehUn. 
M e"Su 8 Tii KSu i yi n e R |H Igjjl. b ellt . 

i.-Sjsvb; 5 Hiss " 

Was da zusammenkommt, ich nenn s 

mnus 1 « &; if] ?' « ss - 

Wnd z?hU'. Meviel 



Wir to? nner var n 



u'.zu nie klug..fenug. 



h.euern - 



Nur kann uns zum Eaporen | fertren horen. ) 

(Ihr sollt mi°h starker e ^^ ern , 

Vom Abwaschtische bleiot ihr iwn t n! 

Anstatt de n Kuche nr L ^ e ^ n teuern, 
Ach, wurdet ihr den Gat ten, eue heuern 

Nicht zum Geschirr- una ieiit 
Wir v.iirj.cn jeden Mann von Ehren ien _ _ 

Dass Praun zu Engeln zu erklei 
Genug! Es irengt rr.eir SVL&ss Verdruss. 

It,;,, schafft zuvie 0; ^rgu 

^iilStuK"!^?^ "Strel n, lehenM - 




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LONDONER ALLERLEI, 
von Albert Oppenheim. 



"Oppenheim!" so sagte Lesser, 
n Ihr musst auch mal reden, oder besser, 
Dichtet was, 
Irgend was, Ernst oder Spass!" 

Bin furv/ahr kein Stegreif-Licnter, 
Langs am gehn mir auf die Li enter. 
Luster setzte ich mich nieder, 
Lachte hin und her and wieder - 
Wenn ich dann zuruck^eblieben, 
Mussen s ie das Fest verschieben -, 
Und da dacht' ich an Hans Meyer, 
Unsern Barden mit der Leier: 
War es mir doch nur vergonnt ;> 
Dass ich auch so schillern konnt , 
Wie der ccht £erlin:r Ivleyer - 
H'lt' - Ich haV nen Echtcrmcyor , 
Aus der Schulzeit her ein Bach, 
Find' da Poesie gcnu^: 
Klopstock, Goethe, Schiller, Heme, 
Alle Sterne, eross and klcme, 
Mach mir welter koine Sorgcn: 






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ihnen Haltun 
Lichter j^der 



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bor c en, 

Zo11 " ml 

s ich dichten soil: 



Werd' von 
Word 1 ein . 

Wenn ich nur wusst, 

Fur Lyrik ist's fur mich zu spat - 

Sind auch Wegc, die ^V-^Lftirr zu sin^en - 

Und liber die Zunft und die Zunftlcr zu sing^n 

l£ wUs-tet Ihr -He viel mehr zu bnngon. 

?hr Tcil die Mcidtar.vom Brett und vom Bau, 

v*rmt Bv-laws und Kosten und Fees genau. 

Ihr^stlrmt durch die Lander mit forschendem Geist 

Und wisst zu erzahlen, was Ihr erreist, 

Und Tann last not least, nicht zu vergessen. 

„p q ,rph da ein wunderbares Essen! 

I^h klU EuoS violleicht aueh manches sagen 

Una war rc-det Dosser box Ehepacrcn. . 

Nun wirt'a ator Zeit! Ich muss mich sputcn; 
Ich hah mich vorpfliohtets Siebcn Minuten. 
Blick um dich! Greif zu , da wo du hist, 
'.Vo alios nnehst zu allem 1st, 
2? L L b oVf o G n° 3 nlchr^n1a- r Verso W ort ? 
So Yort denn, was ich kleiner ksnn 
Uber "Ich und London" erzahlen kami. 

Ich versuohe zu schn als Architect 
Wie slch Erschoinun^ una Lebon deckt. 
Und echo ich heute auf hohen Strasson, 
So tfclbt's mich morgen nach engon Gassen, 
Vom Strom zum Kanal, vom Dom zur Parrel, 

5S III llllTsoll^l^Tloi^lll^ du cs faasen, 
;«Lu; du sitzost uf offenen Strassen. 



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,„ Menschcn sind frcundlioh, gohn ruhlg vortoi, 

"jot or hobby?" f ragon ale Manner J- betwoon .« 

Was soil ich.drauf sagwrt Nan, bo i strahl cn, 

Dio Frauen sind t*" **"^ 6 ^ solber malcn. 

Jo nachdom sle gelaunt sind oaer alch flnden> 

EM^\S£ C dfn C BiliTnd den Bob herbal. 

Am Endo sind os crheblxch mohr, KreuzVGrh -6r. 

Und os dauert moht lang , >» t ep 
■mster, are you an artist? irag^ ^^ 

Er ist slch nlcht klar, ,00 3. mU fondem Elxch 

Und ein zweitor ruft. bmjn "« ZU rdck. 

Und holt nloht zu f*°f ^f^Xr??" geht's welter. 

-What will you do with *f ^° aorldera Gesohelter, 

"Ho will ^^^'agt "This here is our house". 

Und eine Kl^ine s.^ h craus. 

Sio ist bo stolB, ^,f; s0 ht , s inmerzu, 

«Eow long ^? * koramt, und im Hu 

Bis dann was " ndrwo , ,° v ,, an f die Eine, . 

U^x^lTo 1C ontse,c.ia!n: .rtist or no? 

Heo^rauohiclniobtdrausson^ki^ioron, 

Durft' Hn„f e ^ li0 ^ n „?g a Blchter welter plagon 
Und ich konnt' mieh f 3 ^ Bingc sa gen, 
Und Frau Leohner ™cl -cnon ^ nloM reoht( 

Dooh ioh f nd os nxoht p rrch . tcl . ti 

.Us Idealist, d s ^ lb ;, H Din^o geprxosen, 

Wle Horaz der exnst solehc ^ng^ ^ achUoss6n . 

Mit 'ner Ode auf Esa en un Raohogesa ng 

Noin, ioh sohli--^ Dich u.n zwang! 

Auf den Mann, der mien er FrcU(Ui 

Da hab ioh, f n B ' h ^ 1Mr seite. 
Euch alio voll *"" Designer, Planer - 
Ob /.rehitckt, Engineoi, Maimer. 

Diosor lessor 1st uno.xn^ ^^ tun . 

Es 1st dooh so schon *™ \ T uns doch ruhn. 
Er tut selbst so viox, x orwoc lct or, 

Aber immor wi Oder don Giro fll Dlrok tor. 

Er hat uns dreBsiert, ax«-' d soha uon, 

Wir miissen rede* and horon zcu und ^ B?ucn , 
Was cinst und M J et | ch v/elss oo genau, 
f^SU'f -Vra S u'x : r ". guten Frau, 
Worm irgendoiner etw* b 6 . dr mass pan! n 

Drmn raft ?r ^cgeistcrj ^ gutcs H _ r# 

Doch lass lot -'• n n ^ n „ uch diococ J .hr 

Er hiclt uns zusr.nimcn -uo^ y irUch und lolBf 

Und mp.oht ' u f^ :.;{,"'n,a Frcundeakreia. 
L\ia dem &rt>eits-Ciroi ^ Lfcn woitcr gov/ctfiron, 
Drum duik ich, wii J- --•-• clrc i c zu Ehren. 
Una -lion zur Frc-udc acm 





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ROOM TO LET.! 
von Fritz Ruhcmann. 



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Lass nur! ich gen schon. - Here ^ - yos please 
Cm, se room, - Yos it is still.frec, I moan empty - «* -no, 
.on*, furnished of course. - Particular, oh no, ve are no 

oh I see, some details about 

at oi1 particuiar, :i;;i; *-, * - - *»* . - — 
Be „„., Y o 3> v, blea8 «. _ vat aro you? x ra _ 

l0 ns, sat may save - - yes as x ^ ^ 

vat for a profusion havo you? Oh, ana, 

« q 1 rit7crlant, lof 1? contry, di. 
se WtaBl rf. Oh, I .now se Svi-tzerl . ^ 

Beck your pardon? .0. Vy? X -nU see Bat in ^ 

shua t so easy aa .«. *». set .-a noes^. T. - 

^ Usb much better from us. X and „ vife - v. ape 

„.«, fluent ana, as you hef probably remarked, I - - 

nation (my vife has a light Viennese accent) 

goot repronunci-tion (.my 

live at Enelish people, you .re _ 

X mean, you von-t learn a sain.. Sey never i r aU 
ri6a teyou.. ana aey are so so cool, co con, tea o 
feel yo urself cosy sere-. Bee, your pardon, Vat - oh ye 

, « s izo" Vel, about middle great, yos. 

pl oaaurc. As, only. - Se .1- ^ ^ ^ 

Sunny? - V,t difference makes sat olr. ay, 

T '.■ Yes a very nice viev,, it is top floor, ant se 
seldom.?! Yea £oe a lc; 

vindovv ,oes out to so baefcaide. - Garden. 

t lotB of roofs ant hunderda of chimney pots, 32 
of sky ant lot. ^ ^ ^ 

♦ unts - vcrv interostmk. - I nei 
ferentkinto, pit ehena , pitched 

er e lots of birds, birds - Oh doves - olrigt 

, )nf nat You will soon learn 
„„-!(■ . -nvsink out 01 oai>. »" 
don .t make yourself anys _ ^ ^ 

G oot En 6 liah. Yes, se pitches e.urr 

„ pt 0V .r your vindow, from sunrise to sun-und.r 
lovely, direct ov.r yo ^ 

r,v T^ittv, sere -in one cdi uu 

h - - dusk, yes. Oh piwi 

.. v t c r will abor ^ in Madchen. - v lx 
(boiaeite) Bin Madchon. ion 

t , n * ust aaid Bat she vents only i 3 .ay. -Pit 
ploaao? Oh my vile shust 3d 

in, doak, Ho. not really, but a very nice great Buffet - yea 
nu riotly , r vea oolu.no. Ant aere is a lively earvea 

a over ao divan, via a great mirror ant z kelim 



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„ « „ divan. - v.., ol ...... ' ■>■■."" '" 1 ««"' "' " 

iat, collapsiox repr0 nunolr-tion 

.^n- v.^n\c vour pardon: iour i«-yj- 
o se lamp IB in so middle - Bock yo 

?» •• • i- victor'' Self understood! in ^c 

not yet very clear - oh, r.nnink water. 

, direct next your room, ant se W.O., you see, is 

^ sat ycn ve 

r° 0m " A " : To v are not Uttly, X " — . 

u » - - — - Gas r; or :,, — - - — ■ 

i0in ucn! Ve reckon nossink for _ ^ ^ ^ 

| ot undcr tenants who never bathed. ** no _ ^ 

L fore .. but no, ve subtract * ^^^ - « "* »«- 

I I did't ssink sat ron yo u n o ; x _ ^ ^^ onl 

••v o-t's rlKht. - £3, y° s uU Mt .„ se house 

ah, sat s ij-&" v0 arc moter~, *=>^ 

. „„t.rH - yes meter, yoo , vv - , t a 

ght and gass is extra, y nossink ernstly, shust a 

tongs Oct he ssanked net us -0, ^ ^^ „ is 
of leak here ant sere. » _ ^ 3crr;fj you mUG t 

r0 om nowtodays! - No, sorry no ser ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ vo 

, in k your o«n laundry.- V* n,^, ^ ^ ^ se rcon 
;r o also once younk. B. en ^ ^^ ^ ^^ 

ormfree - because our ******* us hcf vcne . Maybe sey will 

, ve hex no piano, hut ,e pocp J ^ dots nc t need it for 

lev, y ou to use it, ven seir 1 ;n ^ ^ ^ ^ ... 

..ctisink. - Ah, y° u C "\!, * u von't hear scarcely nossink^ * 

.you stip her ^ f t f ^ l« Ve - Mae - Vn"l ^ -"« 
i"j. ^ frivl - se cotton vu^j- . f i re n&v tn^n cu^uj 

°, « S - Yes sere hef you right. « ^ y ou go on tiptoes, ant 
KST^ou up in bo mornink'- ^ ^ ^ kon us up £?"%*. 
h^t before you go aw ay you o ^ ^ serf ^t ve h. ^ ; 
up of tea? Ho, £«*£%*„,, you ^re^bctrca^s^^ & . 



n ust before you go aw ay y - r , , d not serf us s.t - ' ^ ; _ , 
up of tea? lo, f;^^' S orry, you dare not botrc ^ * ito) Sci 

lllv costom! - No, Miss, ... jU dQ to ou! ha. ^ me 

U voult .scon see vat my « . v;1 . vat ss ink you you & c^ j now? 

Lihig, stor mich nich^ i:i .. t 6£al not d: v ; " ; t s , 

cr £3 nowtodays?'- Vol, , . Y s . t 'a ri«iht. in fc 

el, do you knOT se ■ .- b , cn s0 lcft site. *nt .. ^ 

.cnt cross street ■ : , r- But s t makes noss ink, _ 

: rink, se belle ' .. „ shust valk in, top llowe d! 

o doer locks vc ■ , Ucn o nl? n oookink 1^ m tcLn 

e, I voult r-i Llotcn . 11 our after me r 

. net In my ; i *. .. _ t 20 in se last ycc.r. lf , 

hry] -. M yourself !- Vat allo^yoo se^ us 

' ; - lh ?_ !: ' ' I t. you if I voult be - ( r -;„ v , r . ut i y net 



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J)ie_Ze2zunj^leser_ 



Verfasst von H. Friedmann, verge tragen ven 

H. und P. !F-riediriahn 



Zeitungsleser liest aus seiner 
z*rei Zeilen, und der andere 




Jeder der z^ei 

Refrain spricht jeder eine Zeile, -ehreni aie 
letzte Zeile von Deiden zusan^.en gcsi.roc.iibn 






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Der Circle gibt, wie *ir ?£fahren 

Heute sein Dinner, jaeetMre ; 
- Diese Dinner sind ? uss £^t ^elieni. 
Der Circle gratis das Essen gibt. 

Refrain: Glauben.Sie's? 
V/er, ich? 
Ja, Sie! 

^ ch unS i sowas drucken sie hinein 



Hah, ha ha, 



Georges Lesser, 



Berichti^n, vcn c; a. r ^ n ^ b6£Ser: 

B i C ^ er Gast r |einen V/ein. 



Der v-.riSS a. 
- Vir sind ja 

Wir zahlen aucn je: 



Refrain 



hbrt n.an sagen, 



Von Barbara Button 
Sie will ;eder Ehc- 

- Das Unglaubliche 
Kan sah in ein 



ber ist geschehen: 
Nonnenkloster sie- gehen 



berichtet, 







Dunst - 



Refrain .... 

tvo nil Aiif ^er Farn> sich erholen, 

b Bulganin *iri dann President. 
Refrain .... 




Refrain .... 

Ein Ji Ln< hier I i ■ icl entdeckte 

Bri tish Subjecte. ' **,.«„,, 

:..■•!• : ji tzt em Riesengedr 

i , ■ :. fiirsLlich GescnenK! 
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Nach Cneouers ist Perc-n geflogen. 

Er sept: Mich hat mein Volk betrogen. 
- Ich bleiue nier, auch ohne ivi?gdele:n. 

Dies scheint der Garden Eden zu sein. 

Refrain .... 

London kaufte. so heisst's ungelogen. 
Die Viiener 6per in Bausch und Bogen. 

- Der Preis: Zehn Millionen, und entre 
Als Draufgabe Covent Garden dazu. 

Refrain .... 



nous: 




Refrain 



Rpriohtieurp: Ganz ubertrieben, 

BG Y/as hilr vom Honorar geschrieben. 

- Im Gepenteil, sie macfien's ganz frei, 



Denn'unbezahibar sind 



arei. 



Refrain 

So vollen vir nun A.bscfcied nehmen, 
Tnuns ot unsrer Henne schamen^ 

- tin- se~en nur, eh wir jetzt genen. 
Mi ho f fen auf ein i-iedersehen! 



Glauben Sie's? 

V/er, ich? 
J a Sie' 
Oh Ja! 
Ik nachsten Jahr sind 



•ir wieder da! 



ENDE 







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1946 Exhibition Committees 



Policy Committi i 

Sir Thomas D. Barlow, cd.e. (Chair- 
man) 

Sir A. Steven Bilsland, BART., M.c, 
D.L., J. P. 

Dr. R. S. Edwards, PH.D., a.r.c.s. 

Mr. S. C. Leslie 

Sir Charles B. L. Tennyson. C.M.O. 

Mr. Allan Walton, h.d.i., n.r.d. 



Mr. J. L. Beddinyton 
Mr. J. Cleveland Belle 
Mr. T A I- emit-more 
Mr. R- E. J. Moore 
Sir Cecil M. Weir. K.n.E.. M.c. D.L. 
Lord Woolton, P.C., C.H.. d.l.. 
li.d. (Hon.), J. P- 



Secretary: Mr. R. D. Ryder 

Ftnance Committee Execut.vc Committee 

Dr. R. S. Edwards. PH.D.. a.r.c.s. S,r Charles B. L.Tennyson, c.m.g. 



(Chairman) 



(Chairman) 






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ai8 3 P«93o/»39 J.joo a/46 C.P. Ltd. Gp. 9.8.J 



THE COUNCIL 

OF 

INDUSTRIAL DESIGN 

T he Council of Industrial Design was set up in Decem- 
ber 1044 by the President of the Hoard of (Trade, wrtfa 
S ' rhtmas Barlow as Chairman. A Scottish Committee 
of the Council was set up at the same time unde he 
Chairmanship of Sir Steven Bilsland. Hie Council is 
financed by he Government, and an annual report on 
ft" -Kdvitii is made to Parliament by the President of 
the Board of Trade. 

The purpose of the Council is to promote by all 
practicable means the improvement ot design m the 
products of British industry. Its mam tunctions are. 

la) To help industries to se. up Design < lentres on a eo-operatWe 

has.s supported hy contributions from firms .n each induS 
try ;;2thc help Of a grant from the Exchequer. The 
Suncil aJv.es the Board ... Trade on grants to be made by 
the Government to these (. entres. 

(/,) To hold and to take part in exhibitions. The Council's first 
larce-scalc Exhibition, * Britain Can Make It . will be neia 
in London in h J4 '-- It wiU be a selective exhibition of design 
in a full range of consumer goods. 
(c) To give publicity to good design by a variety of means such 
{ } as publications, films and photographs^ I he Council *orks 
in collaboration with adult education bodies and %oluntar> 




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. .. „ , cctures courses and visual educa- 
tional matenal on des.gn pp ^ (h< , 

M\ To co-operate with educat.on authont.es 
W £££ .ndustrial dcs.gncrs. 

w To advise Government D^« &'. h e design 
W to they P-c »- and to - «£«* 5homng 

point of view for the d t , exhib mons. 

L Government stands in intern of 

(/) To be a centre -.•^^"gSSSS department 
U ' industrial des.gn &* infa*^ Council maintains a hst of 
and other interested bodies. "» bout the selection of 

Signers and wiUadvse ^ nqmrer^ ^ by the 

£MiM ° f lndustrial Art DesigneR ' • . 

National Register activities the 

The Council inch.de, ^^comn^ oditieslist 

design of all consumer g°°<* s ' ^ h motor bodies, hand 

for the t94« «*r« ^ "W^' ''"I 
and garden took, all domestical. n of var ious forms 
he fntcrior equipment and decorauon ^ ^ 

of public transport. The wora g (or quantlty 

many processes in the P^SIes structure, texture, 
Eduction by ™^J£"£Sd design is taken as 
binfboSSSc^venienceandbeauty. 

uES1GN 2 ?2S 8 - -* 

A Design Centre U » ntended « to » ^ ^ , 
design for the benefit of an m > mU conS umer 

S^Spattoutputoftrainedd^ners 

for the industry. 



s »t— * t ::;:: 



Mrs. Margaret Allen 
Sir A. Steven Bilsland. DART., M.C., 
D.L.. J f ■ 

Sir Kenneth Clark. K.C.B. 

Dr. R- S. Edwards, PH.D., a.r.c.s. 

Mr Leslie Gamage, M.c. 

Mr Erne stW.Goodale,c.B.B.,M.c 

Mr . William Haigh, J.P- 
Mrs Mary Harris 



Sir Francis Meynell.R.D-l. 

Mr G. W. Odey. c.b.e. 

Mr S.Gordon Russell. M.C R.D.l. 

Sir Charles B.L. Tennyson. C.M.C. 

Mr. A. G. Tomkins 

Mr. J. II Tresfon 

Mr Allan Walton, R.D.I.. N.R.D. 

Th c Hon. Josiah Wedgwood 
Mr. Philip G.R.WhallcyCBE. 



dIr bctob:MR.s.c.les L ib 
Scottish Committee of the Council 

MC DL J P.(CHAIRMAN) 

S IBA.STBV B NBItS,AND.BABT.,M^ MacG ^ orofMacGregor 

Mr. Stanley Curs.ter. O.D.E. ^ r ^ Maclean 

Mr. E. L. Denny Mr Ncil Macneil, J.P. 

Mr 3 Douglas Hood Mr wil |; nrn Hcnme. J.r. 

Mr. William Hunter ^ R . 1>v on Scott 

Mr.JohnMcMurtrieKay^^^^^^ 



Committees of the Council 

Design Committee 

Sir Thorn- D. B*-ft — < Ch3 "™ n> 
. /s-MT-l Pur/wsn Committee 
Finance and Gem ru p n) 

Dr .R.S. Edwards, ph.o.,a.b.c*V 

Exhibition* Committee 
S it Ch„U.B. L .T»n,»n,c.„.o.(Ch.«n». ) 

TVawing Commttu* 

~ , mud (Chairman) 
Mr. Allan Walton, n.D.i.,N.B.D.t 

HoutMhm CmmittM 
Mrs. Margaret Allen (Chairman) 




MARCH 1946: THIS SUPERSEDES ALL PREVIOUS NOTICES 




'BRITAIN CAN MAKE IT' 

1946 NATIONAL EXHIBITION 

OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGN 

IN CONSUMER GOODS 

NOTICE FOR THE GUIDANCE OF MANUFACTURERS 

Issued by the council of industrial design 



1 The Exhibition will be held at the Victoria 

and Albert Museum, opening on September 
24th It will be officially supported and widely 
advertised. Policy regarding opening hours 
and admission charges will be settled and 
announced later. 

2 The Exhibition will be open to all types 
of consumer goods, together with certain as- 
pects of civil transport. The list of commodity 
ranges to be included will be found on page 3. 

3 The Exhibition will be on a strictly selec- 
tive basis, the selection being carried out by 
expert committees appointed by the Council, 
which will itself lake full responsibility lor 
their decisions. (See para. 11.) 

4 The purpose of the Exhibition is to de- 
monstrate to all comers at home and overseas 
the leadership of British goods in design. A 
strict selection policy will therefore be ob- 
served. No attempt will be made to cover the 
complete range of output of a given industry 
unless the goods available reach the necessary 
standards. Design in the sense here used 
means not only shape, colour, texture 
decoration and visual appeal generally, but 



also functional efficiency in all cases where 
this is closely involved with the shape, texture, 
etc., of an article. 

5 Space will not be sold. There will be no 
stands representative of individual firms, or 
trade or industrial associations, or regional 
industrial -roups. Arrangements will be made 
by the Council to give all necessary lnlorma- 
tion to visitors, the attendants being em- 
ployees of the Council. 

6 The gross floor area of the Exhibition will 
be 90 000 square feet, making an extensive 
display area from the point of view ot the 
individual visitor, but a very limited one when 
measured against the full range of goods 
which industry can produce. The area is 
rather less than one-fifth of that of the pre- 
war British Industries Fair. This emphasises 
the selective character of the Exhibition. A 
provisional outline plan will be found on 
page 3. 

7 Each type of commodity will be present- 
ed in one or more of three different ways: 
(a) In commodity groups, either in specially 

deigned sellings or in separate halls 

or sections. 



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(b) In a series of some 24 rooms— bed- 
rooms, kitchens, living-rooms, etc., etc., 
planned and equipped by experts chosen 
by the Council, using goods agreed by 
the Selection Committees as reaching 
the necessary standard. 

(c) In certain special features where goods 
are presented in such a way as to tell a 
story, and especially to throw light on 
the significance of design in relation to 
that class of article. Examples are the 
section on Packaging and that on Chil- 
dren's Clothing and Furniture. 

8 There will be a special section called ' War 
to Peace' showing notable examples of goods 
which in dcsien, material or method of produc- 
tion derive mainly from the technical lessons 
learned in war production, or from types ot 
article originally developed for war purposes. 
Manufacturers who are producing articles of 
this character-i.e., new types of goods, or 
customary types in new materials, or made by 
new methods deriving largely from war pro- 
duction-are especially imiied to communicate 
at once with the Council and give particulars. 

9 Any manufacturer who isin doubt whether 
a certain commodity is eligible or of interest 
for the Exhibition is invited to address his 
query to the Council which will give him all 
possible help. 



10 In all industries where this course is 
considered likely to be helpful to the indus- 
try itself or to the Council, the Council has 
invited the industry to set up a committee to 
advise it on matters connected with that in- 
dustry, to act as a link between the Council 
and the industry wherever necessary, and to 
assist with arrangements for the submission 
of goods for selection. There is no intention 
whatever of restricting submissions for the 
Exhibition to firms which are members o 
trade associations. Where committees exist 
they are intended to represent all the firms 
in an industry and it is understood between 
the Council and the committees hat 
this is their policy. A number o them 
include representatives of non-members ot 
associations. Any firm wishing to obtain 



further information on this subject is invited 
to communicate with the Council. 

1 1 The Selection Committees appointed by 
the Council will be published soon. These 
committees will be assisted by technical 
assessors appointed by each industry, who 
will advise selectors on technical questions 
of production and marketing. This will en- 
sure that the special knowledge and point 
of view of each industry will be known to 
the Selection Committees in making their 
choice. Where a single Selection Committee 
. covers several different ranges of goods, the 
manufacturers of each range will appoint 
separate assessors to advise on the goods pro- 
duced by their industry. The Selection Com- 
mittees themselves, acting for the Council, 
will remain solely responsible for their choice. 

12 It is the general policy of the Council 
that the name of the manufacturer, and where 
possible the designer also, of each article 
exhibited shall be published. This policy 
will be adhered to throughout, except at the 
wish of industry itself in cases where the cir- 
cumstances are such that straightforward 
competition among different firms tor the 
verdict of the Selection Committee has not 
been possible, or in cases where, for reasons 
connected with the war, any large part ot an 
industry is not free to submit goods. 
The names of manufacturers and designers 
will not be placed on the actua goods but 
will be displayed and/or published in other 
ways which are under consideration. 
There will be a number of information 
bureaux placed throughout the Exhibition to 
deal with enquiries from buyers or the 
public. In particular, these bureaux will be 
iblc to give trade enquirers the names ot 
manufacturers and designers in those excep- 
tional instances where these cannot be dis- 
played or published. 



13 Retailers who, while not manufacturers, 
exercise complete and exclusive control over 
their designs, will be eligible as exhibitors, 
i.e., to have their names, as well as those o 
the manufacturers, associated with goods 
chosen. The possession by a retailer of sole 



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EXIT TO CROMWELL ROAD 



COMMODITY GROUPS AND FEATURES OF 

COMMUU sc ^_ fic insirumcnts and Camcras 



Pottery 

Furniture, including Office, School. 

Garden and Nursery 
Wall & Floor treatments 
Travel Goods 

Office Equipment 

Fancy Goods 

Toilet Accessories 

Radio & Gramophones 

D s^orns,L^i^in- 

eluding Fillings) 



jewellery & Plate 

Hardware and Non-powered Domes- 

tic appliances 
Hand and Garden Tools and Cutlery 

Glass 

Watches & Clocks 
Books and Printing 
Ladies' Fashions 

Dress Fabrics 

Gloves, Boots & Shoes. Hand- 
" bags, Umbrellas, Belts, etc. 



THE EXHIBITION 

Men's W 

Dress Accessories 

Boots & Shoes 

Children's Wear 

Household Linen 

Furnishing Fabrics 

War to Peace 

Leisure 

Transport 

Designs of the Future 

Packaging 



SEES* •» »- T-S5TSS, 

unless he is its sole distributor. 

14 There will be no speeial emphasis on 

SSL possible to fix them exactly) but 



eaeh article will be marked m such a way a to 
indicate .bat it belongs to one of three pnee 
ranges-the higher, medium orlo*^ 
for the commodity concerned The advice 
each industry will be obtained m lixin„ 
limits of these levels. 

15 AH coods submitted must either be it. 

^nmnSm-^cdforproductio,, Special 











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items or 'stunts' produced primarily with 
the idea of obtaining entry to the Exhibition 
are not desired and will not be eligible. Par- 
ticular care will be taken to make clear to 
Exhibition visitors whether an article is 
available in quantity in the home market, or 
whether it is likely to become so at a fairly 
early date, or whether its availability is rather 
more remote. 

16 There are certain industries which pro- 
duce for export designs of a character dif- 
ferent from those supplied to the home 
market. The Council cannot provide for 
separate displays of export goods, but manu- 
facturers in the industries concerned, in sub- 
mitting designs which are specially intended 
for the export trade, should mark the design 
accordingly and should name the particular 
export market if this would be useful tor the 
guidance of the Selection Committee. 

17 The exhibition is primarily intended as 
a display of new post-war designs. In certain 
industries the best designs of the immediate 
pre-war period may be included, as long as 
they do not form any disproportionately 
large part of the particular section in which 
they appear. 

Mere copies of traditional or historical pat- 
terns will not be of interest. Designs based 
upon traditional themes and ideas will be 
considered, as long as they are based on 
freshness of inspiration, and reach the neces- 
sary level of excellence. 



18 Except in a few industries, for whose 
convenience an earlier date has been fixed, 
selection will not take place before July. It 
will be left as late as possible, and the exact 
date will be settled in consultation with each 
industry. 

19 Articles prepared for submission will not 
be subject to austerity restrictions, though 
licences (obtainable through the Council) 
have to be secured when raw materials are in 
short supply. 

20 The scope and nature of a section deal- 
ing with civilian transport (ships, 'planes, 
railways, automobiles, etc.) is now under 
active consideration and a further announce- 
ment will be made as soon as possible. 

21 As this is an Exhibition of design, metal 
exhibits should be in sample finish. 

22 The arrangements for collecting the 
goods together for judgement by the Selection 
Committees are being actively considered, as 
also are the subsequent arrangements for for- 
warding the selected goods to the Exhibition 
sites. Arrangements for selection must differ 
widely according to the size and geographical 
spread of an industry and the type of its goods. 
Manufacturers wishing to exhibit may rest 
assured that they will receive forwarding 
instructions in good time, either direct from the 
Council or through the Committee for your 
industry. 



1 

2 



3 
4 



THE COUNCIL OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGN 

makes the following requests to manufacturers: 
Press on with all speed with the designs you have in mind to submit for selection. 
If you hare not already been in touch with the Council, or with the Committee 
Jet up for your industry, notify the Council of your intentions at once, sending a 
ZcriJtZnof the goods concerned and a visual representation-photographic for 
tefennce, but alternatively an artists sketch or simple technical drawing. 
Do not hesitate to write to the Council for advice and guidance on any point 
about which you might be uncertain. 
Await detailed instructions about forwarding. 



COUNCIL OF INDUSTRY DESIGN ■ T.LUURY HOUSE - PETTY FRANCE ' S.W.I, 



WHITEHALL 6322 



2218 P2368/G2 20,000 3/46 C.P.Lid. Gp. 9.8.2. 






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,,-, rH n ?Q .,«,, n,-Wii;£ OK B'.iICKL.vYIHG 



The following refers to the ^tho.s and V-ctioe^^^ 

Of the general practice in use can be given. 

1, (a) i.onnai size of Brick . 

In Ger anv generally since last quarter of 19th 
Century SElfl darn size for ordinary bricks 

(Belohsformat) 25* tt x lfagMia courses to 1.00 m. 
height), c headei is mortar joint . s-rt tcner. 

Horizontal joints 1.2 cm, vertical joints 1.0 

In the B ^urs region the Hamhurg size is in use 
instead. 22~ 0.5 cm x 5.2 a (-- cour.es 

In Austria ana Hu ngary , the Austrian or old size 
brick s sTlir'in use oefiTee ■, • ,hsfomat . 

T^s is 89 * U x 6i- cm. (16 courses - l.fl ml . 

Spasmodically some other sizes aresUU^use 

importance • 

Cb) Goi ^ral thic : _:vLls.^g,:: a113 *. 

Thickness varies according tc |*2^^°JL umA - 
Gfinprallv U bricks 38 cm with cleiohef oriaat J ^as 
'oonsioerSa to be the, - for °uts • s f 

habitable rooms. W was coa - °oSoiea by different 

s.-svrc^r.st/r a: . &&*— «• 

class people. 

Segulations variea as to thickness ?«*»«•«*»« 
calls'. G .s a guidance the following is given (Berlin 
regulations) : 

Outside walls- 38 - for th, £«./■ 

one oriok - 25 «. This was waiv e a er the W « 
when 12 cm. with top plate was admitted ior 






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buildings with small spans. 



. , for ihroe uppermost 



I» U>. . Eg region » «». i« ^reefl^r 

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being 23 om - t,a0t " ,„„_*. wer e made with 

In the interim «- g\&2£$ 1. £; r ffi°3lX«M 

ox the wall SO cm. redu::Q 

# 0fnftBt object in doing so was i»» hovge ver, 

twice per storey. ig Y;ay# 

: „•■» Mrs SJSSS JS--5 s-s& 

by header course ■ «»{„ UiCBS i entire **%° W above 

. .,».„, o»,«y »"• "•" °" e "" al " 

•bo a sucoess. 



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bricks froia recent a/eare. 

fvuc brie .3 are ./ V x ~ w -^° I 

Share is a wide divergence in brick types. 

It may be said that the use ox facing bricks 
decreases the .ore WJ go south. 

here are instances of a coat or lime slorry or. 
mineral wash u^cd on normal br±u : .3. 



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Mo « OX discontinuing ^U^G ^,, oront 
*• AS t0 o ^enefafa^erVan >» «" en B etll" and Centra! 

caees i.. tcala to J' is overdone the 

freezing oh b ut a tnia * 

la used for „ e ntly remain damp. 

briefer* mas . ■ bu iiaing !■ 

„ Austria end l - r - •.»-„, a-5 aonthe. - 
in M .E .Germany, f^ode extending from 
4l8 oontinaed in winter per ao- 

in Hungary it e ^ ?e 53 ofoenind 

tehindmade j gov 

KftS Veer^irBeriin. 

Similar soree*.a 












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3. Building is usually done 6n normal strip 
foundation- rafts or pilea oro o ,, uusod where 

rivereot u.,c, vex. ;•» J. ... Jt , „. ld 

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6 . A noruai days output P-^Jjfg- S^SSSbOO) 
aver-es 4C0-500 bricks, a;™^ 11 °^ s i v;ork and greater 
SfS« r fSgg The" o Id war? in case of piece 
output per hour "iore ine t 100 o-1300 bricks, 

vork the figure is "»"•" ni & u< " • 

«. rearer i s not standard but may . 
v^w, nf triaUa^rto^y -»„ dor _ e ln piecework 

--Scl^^L-sa^rofindustr,. in H^ary ,0, 
of labourers are women. 









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1. [orm 1 size ( E-ichsform t): ; . 12 : 6.5crn { 
to 1.0m 

i • , ;: L brick « 12cm, ] Lck = 5cm, 1 !/<: 

= $6cm, - = 51cm. 2 1, 

I.i " 

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Z. tfoliO. v/alls. In post- -;s prodi Ion, 

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HUNGARIAN 




HM f.| g ,nd Practice of Brickl aying., 

Note : Medium size building have been 
1 assumed / Houses with o-12 rooms, 
or 4-6 storey block of flats/ •- 

1 General thicknesses of walls /not rendered/ : 

?r, m /'- o in. /for & heds, small industrial buildings, 
SQ on /15 3 in/ nin. thickness *or houses, 
51 cm /2o.o in/ uore heavily loaded walls middle walls 
ox cm z^u.u x v. ^^ bui iaings containing chimneys. 

normal seize of .ricks : 25. x 12 x 6.5 cm /9.o x 4 1 x 2.2 ins./ 
So called -old-size -bks: 29 x 14 x 6.5 cm /11.4 x5.5 x ..2 ins./ 

2. llormol type of construction : solid walls. 

Kirst class brickwalls in English crossbond /every vert. joint 
^ covered oy brick in .the" following ™™**/^ r/ lf*\^ 
of 2nd class bricks /crushing strength 100 kg£o£- 1400_ 
lbs/in. sq., measured i.e. uestea lor a P ier ° b wu 
hhntq sawi from une brick and laid in c-t.rr.ortarj 
inline mortar - Under DPO level in lime cement mortar. 
hirst class piers out of at lea st 2nd class pier-bricks 
Mrs /oifbr?cks/ with a crushing strength /see above/ of 

3500 lbs/insq. in cement mortar. ^ c 
if li.e-ce^t .or tar to be ; » p * gaffi^ 

S%**S 1 for lOMnutes in water before laying. 
Different specifications for chimneys .partitions, etc. 

3 Walls are generally rendered externally and rendered or 
plastered internally. 
Normal type of rendering : set and finish with trowel and float 
Industrial buildings often pointed externally, or both sides. 

to the scaffold/ 

5. Stripfoundation is usual in most of the cases. 

Raft foundations for. very high buil in towns or for 

heavily loaded industrial builda s. 
Piling is used fairly frequency near rivers and lakes, 








HUNGARIA1I 



Methods p.nd Practice of Bricklaying 



Note : Lledium size building have been 
assumed / Houses with o-12 rooms, 
or 4-6 storey block of flats/ .- 

1. General thicknesses of '.vails /not rendered/ : 

?<5 cm /9.e in. /for *heds, small industrial buildings, 
m nm /IS ^ in/ nin. thickness i'or houses, 
51 cm /2o.o in/ So?e heavily loaded walls middle walls 
91 ° ' of buildings containing chimneys. 

Aormal. seize of uricks : 25 x 12 x 6.5 om /9.o z 4.1 x 2.2 ins./ 
So called *old-si ze-bks: 29 x 14 x 6.!> cm /11.4 x5.5 x 2.2 ins./ 

2. Normal type of construction : solid walls. 

RMrqt class brickwalls in English crossbond /every vert. joint 
* ir covered oy brick in . the' following course/ zA leas t out 
Sf 2nd' class bricks /crushing strength 100 kg^crf - 1400_ 
<^Z^\ lbs/in, sq. t measured i.e. nested ior a pier o- xwo iidii 
CU^ sawn from une brick and laid in ct. mortar^ 
tt- 1 in lime mortar - under DPC level in lime cement mortar. 
Hirst class piers out of at lea st 2nd olass pier-bricks 
/ln|!br?cks/ with a crushing strength /see above/ of 
3509 lbs/insq. in cement mortar. be 

be soaked at leasffor 10 minutes in water before laying. 
Different specifications for chimneys, partitions, etc. 

3 Walls are generally rendered externally and rendered or 
plastered internally. 
Horrral type of rendering : set and finish with trowel ana float. 
Industrial buildings often pointed externally, or both sides. 



4. Building is 



usually discontinued in winter, for B -10 weeks, 
/verf urgent works boir.fr done I temporarily bricked 
mToTwminaa - laid in sand - in heated roocis/Ao do 
externaf forks it is necessary and usual to co It 
screeS the building, rough boarding with windows fixed 
to the scaffold/ 

5. Stripfoundation is usual in most of the cases. 

Raft foundations for very high buildings in towns or for 

heavily loaded industrial buildm . 
Piling is used fairlv frequently near rivers and lakes. 






r 




2 . . 



HiraGAnlAN . 



Methods and Practice of Bricklaying /contd./ 

6. Average output 60 - 70 bricks ^1^^^^^ 
^Vec^sAnln the InL^^of facers are ,o,en. 

^rrc^P^tone, girder, carpentry, and 

bricks /i!n barrows/. .^ boxes> 

■ "—aS? on S s C «hIr 3 %rffi LfaiS 



7. 




Main scaffolds are : SUTnor ted by standards, entirely 

*' Serins nx S?S ' fjg «ith ^d f s an craups 
^feS'fcSoia »/ xo/repaire and xor buildxng 
a'^i^rlfgfs 8 ; for repairs only 

Normal type to new ^uildxngs : type f '|> e f ^^^s/.posts 

posts or trestles, along the ^lis x. y scaffold, 

fiamps built into the oufe xd e ha It 91 h full boardin g. 

Slope 1 in ;> /max./.usuai i xn ?. 
Bricks i «** usual! '-^ainc on a^lxghtly . ? xsed ^ 

g v lfhis a o V Xs%o t S 1 lwS S where axAow to P iace 

f the materials. . n to 

secondary platiorms for bnouayeia 

only 

wi «„ hot+ens fixed to brickwork. 
Courses marted on battens "« u 



lo. Bricklayers complete each course separately. 



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3. 

Methods and Practi_e of Bricklaying /contd./ 



HUNGARIAN. 




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11 9 Lime-mortar 



Lime mortar, 



1° 



Co 



13 



lime: sand 1:4 /volume/ /slaked lime/ 
water to a yard cube : 55-40 rail oris 
Use: ordinary walls above DPC level. 

lime: sand 1:3 /volume/ /slaked lime/ 
v.ater to a vard cube : 30-35 gallons, 
Use: Ksiixxkstafi internal rendering. 

Lime-cement-mortar : 2cwt secernent to 1 yd. cube lime-mortar, 
water to a yard cube : 3o-o5 gallons, - 
Use: waylls below DPO. level, more heavily 
loaded walls, working m cola weather, 
. external renderings, ground to bettor 
quality renderings. 

Portland cement mortar /1st cl./ 1:3 ,6cyts p.c. in 1 yd cube, 
rortiaiiu content cca 25-3o gallons per yard cube. 

Do ./2nd cl/ % cwts p.c in 1 yard cube. 
use : piers, heavily loaded walls, wor 
in wet soil, waterproof rendering 
/with additions/ 

Mortars are used with a fairly wet consistence. 

Bricks are generally dense, /porous bricks bricks with 
cavities, hollow bricks manufactured as such/ 

Required porosity : ordinary good quality bricks 
4 l J minimum b # ? maximum 3'j g. 

. engineering bricks: minimum 5*. , 

/Measured in percentage to the dry-weight./ 

Kethod o-p selecting bricks for testing purposes: 

Pick'at random°200 bricks at the Mogield /not talcing 
«nv outstanding r ood or bad ones/, sort tnem into iour 
^oups acfordin^to sound given wnen hit with a hammer, 
lake lo of each group, altogether 40 bricks and test. 

Architect : visits the site according to the importance of 

the building. Site meetings in the early ana m the late 

stages of the building. 
Architect's assistant visits the site regularly. 
Clerk of Works xflt usualJin very few cases only : large 

Government schemes, etc. 
Senior adviser architect appointed bv great -concerns only^ 

visits site in great intervals, deals with special proDiem. 



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4. 



Me 



thods old Practice of Bricklaying/contd./ 



Hungarian 



13 /contd./ 

Organisation 01 the Work on the site : 

Urgani^axiui buildings one agent 

C °1f^^oL?liffor / ^r^i?kn,s/. 

SlSSS f~*s assistant /Usually a good bricklayer/, 

Timekeeper, storekeeper, errandboy, 

Bureman-Bricklayer, . 

For eman-Sca/f folder, 

Forer.an-Roinf .cone porker, 

Foreman-Ga-^rpenter, 

Labourers' Foreman /not general, , 

nth*r trade* carried out usually by Subcontractors, who 

° th have their ovm foremen on the site. 

/On smaller schemes a general Foreman and a Foreman 

^Bricklayer would do the ]ob./ 



London, January, 1945 



Elizabeth/ K linger, 

Paul L, V a g o , 

RegcArch., 
R.I.B.A.Dip. 






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Page ro.l 
1,'ethods and Practice of Bricklaying - (AUJ + RIAIT IteGIOi:) 



(uestion 
i;o. 









1 



^^ 



2. 



2. 



Answer 



Two standard sizes of bricks are in use:- 

(a) The German size of bricks: 25 cm. x 12 cm. x 6.5 cm. 

or : 927/32" x 4 23 /22" x Z%?>" 

(b) The Austrian size of bricks: 29 cm. x 14 cm. x 6.5 cm. 

or : 11 L 722" x 5-/64" x 2^/16" 

Consequently the general thickness of walls varies according 
to the type of brick3 used. The following schedule shows 
the usual' thickness of walls. 



Thickness 
of wall 
in Bricks 



• | brick 

1 " 
U " 

2 " 

Z\ " 
3 



German Size of J 
Brick 



Austrian Size of Bricks 

r 



T" 



jravr 



in 
Centimetres 



12 
25 
38 
51 
64 
77 



in 
Inches 



4^/22 
cj 27/>2 
142V32 
20 5 /64 
25-A6 
20 5 A6 



m 
Centimetres 



in 
Inches 



14 

29 

44 

59 

74 

89 



5&M 

111^22 

17^64 
23 7 /3 2 
29-^ 
25*/22 



in 
Centimetres 



15 
20 
45 
60 
75 
90 



In 

Inches 



5 2 ^2 
11^/16 

17-3/32 

• o 
29^-722 
25A& 



In both cases, (German size and Austrian size) the bricks are 
£ centi: : or 2 9/ia- high. Including - bed mort,r. joint , 

thirteen courses rise to one metre or equivalent to - a e . 

The normal cvoe of construction is the solid one - usually 
1422/22" or 17^22' lonu bearing wall for domestic housm & . 
I can supply a typical Specification. 

In general walls are always rendered externally and plastered 
internally. Before describing the normal type oi rendering 
and plaster ana the technique used, I an giving below a schedule 
of the classes of mortar used:- 

/contd. 



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Pare lTo.2 



f estion lTo. 



Continued 



Answer 

a) Lime Llortar (coarse stuff): one part of well slaked lime 

and three parts suitable clean 
sharp sand. 



(b) LimeLIortar (fine stuff): 



one part well slaked lime and 
and two-and-a-half parts of 
fine river sand. 



(c) Cement Llortar: there are three types :- 



(1) Lime Cedent Mortar: 
(Slow Setting Cement 
Llortar) . 



(2) Cement llortar 
(Course Stuff): 

(3) Cement Lor tar 
(Fine Stuff): 



50 kilograms or llOi-lbs. 
Portland Cement to 1 cubicmetre 
or 35-^5 cubic feet of lime 
mortar. 

one part Portland Cement to 
six parts suitable sharp sand. 

one part Portland Cement to 
four parta of fine river sand. 



(d) Slow-setting Gypsum llortar: 7o kilograms or 1GjV?.2-1o: 

plaster of Paris to one 
cubic metre or 25^/3 cubic 
feet of lime mortar. 

EXTSHIIAL R3I:D3KI1:G: 



The normal type of rendering, for instance, for domestic 
housing is a three-coat work of Lime Cement Llortar, (slow- 
setting Cement Mortar). 

Technique used in application : Many techniques are used 
in practice, description 51 which would exceed the scope of 
this report. I quote, therefore, the most usual technique 
as follows :- 



coarse stuff of a wet consistency is 
When this coat has set just so much 
slight pr re of the finger-nail a second 
coat is applied ana the surface is scraped with 
which must have a strai it • e). For che ( \ 
size of grain of the sand is approximately |. - 
final treatment of the surface varies ana I 
will describe the most fr tly used, called "smooth 
rendering". After complete hardening and dryin ; of the above 
two coats, walls are wetteu thoroughly and the finishing coat 



Firstly, a coat of 
applied with a trowel, 
as to r 5ist a 
rather thicker 
a wall plate , 
groundwork the 
After this the 



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pa.:e Ko. 3 







Viestion No • 



Continued 






4 

5 
6 



n 



w e 



consisting a line thin mortar Is applied with a mason's float. 
mETtffii last coat has set Just so much that i* cannot he 

S*u' "^VJT&oth finish^ obtained, without any cracks. 

Having completed the above process all facesare normally 
W hite-walhed twice whereby a small portion 01 nne sand «nd 
litmus is au^ed to the milk 01 lime. 

To obtain other tints on the surface of the walla vari< 
colours, well diluted in water are mixed witfc the milk oi 111 .. 

PLASTERING: 



rorn°l tve of plastering of internal brick walls is 
the ap lica'ion'oi a Swo-coat work of Lime rortar. (coarse 
ana fine stuff as descrioeu aoovej. 



Re 



sarain? the treatment of the finishing coat, there 



are three types :- 



(a) 
(b) 

(c) 



lit ?r , SrT.irpU P i M rr r tl« surface is smoothed 

^ucco^usfd fo°r a special reception rooms In this 
category are the lime stucco, gypsum stucco, 
stuccolustro , etc. 

w,^iAlnc i always at a standstill in winter - usually 
closes loll xor a period of 4-5 months, November-March ). 

Building is usually on a strip foundation - rafts are 

very seldom u3ed . 

The normal day's output per bricklayer is twe cubicmetres. 

or 70' cubic feet. . , 

Ration of bricklayer to labourer is one to two. 

Scaffolding : See the enclosed sketches. 

normal type of scaffold use, Is ^^SipSd'lSSSlli 
ro 4 Stanaard of straight douu_e poles, (stuppea xruniwi 

10 2 'o'' ; to 14?0» the lover enos oi *^,ole are ■ Deeded in 
earth auout 3-i- ae On these up: ana vertical to 

the walla loadbearing oross-bara cramped m the standards 

/conta. 



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u<-stion No 



Continued 



} 



v 



10 



11 



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are laid with a small slope against the wall ana sunk into 
it! On these cross bars and parallel with the wall ledgers 
are fixed and cramped to the cross bars. 



ana in distances oi' about 



r * t 



0", short planks are laid on 



which spruce boaras 
a stage or platform, 
rails of boards 3 f 3| n 






to 2" thick are nailed, thus forming 
On the inner side of the poles, guard 
hijh are fixed. 
The scaffold platform is not raisea at all. The Platform 
is usually arranged at floor level oi each storey^ or on 
averse at i:- '0" intervals. For works between the storeys, 
detachable trestle scaffolds, as shown on sketch £o£, are 
used. 

Width of scaffold platform from o«6" to 9 '10". 
Bricks and mortar are maintained ai platform level. 
Horma? methods of transporting materials to ^icklayers 
for a medium sizea builaing, (house), is oy way o_ hoists 
for large buildings cranes are us«a. 

Ho profiles are used at quoins. (r , rr) . ra11 .. nf 

The usual practice is to place the frames, (generally of 
T^\ !„ *hp o -eninss as soon as the brickwork is up to 
Till hei ht* Cour re not mi on the .rames - they 

are imitated on a rod. TnT7 roa shows all the important 

l^roxim^e^Z^^'tone me tre), aoove e floor level. 

Each course is completed separately by the bricklater. 
The setting-out of the first course is arranged by the 
builder 1 s foreman. 

and t] ree parts suitable clean shar. sand, 
of 35^16 cubic feet of lime mortar: - 



b_ 








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1 


&>...% 

&. 


1 




mm 













m 



Mixture of Llortar 



Slaked Lime 



1 : 3 



0.33 cbm. 
or 
ll 23 /^ cu.-t. 



Sand 



1 cbm. 

or 
7.V/L6 

cu.-t. 



Water 



I 



0.20 cbm. 

or 
7V16 cu.it 



/conta 



pare 1T0.5 



Nation To. j 



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12 



13 



Bricks are generally dense. 

Porosity ?L;ures : 

I can only note the standard Austrian «,ul^" 
regarding the lty o* a gooa brick «»J» <J the adding 

The maximum increase in weignt oi a ones a 
or water should be not more uhan.- 

(a) For Blue Bricks, (called "Clinker" in Austria). 

(b) 'For other hard burnt bricks 



.2' 






Two facts are 
quest ion: - 



the governing 



features in answering this 



of 



ion; - 

The client has appointed a registered builder, (Contractor 
lo'design'onf tc > erecj a building for Um. ^ ^ ,„. 

Regarding the »^ ^ a i™ cler ic of Works , usually 
this case, ^e Contractor n o^nate^a VorgiSIgrBfa to 
one oi his raos. experie c - a ° ^ J - : :„ duties are mannold 
supervise ih v/or on the site. Hi 4etall oraenng 
inoludin the issuin - - - £ t _ an4 this ls 

materials, checking deli* , etc., has a 

important - * ",^° "f^^Home exteno "fe lvalent to a 

deputy, calleu-^^Z^T 7 • s ^ 0l ler« has its origin from 
builder's forema5T-ghe t name Polier^^ ^ ^ , 

the 7rench v.ord "P""* , viz Ms on a slt e) 

person, who has something to sa, a cont ractor. He 

This Toiler" is appointee and P^ia oy _ and 

is a very i. ' ma t au I ?he "ork, organises 

to disc r kmen, he su rki ns-times for 

evor;; he is respon ^^or v;ork> has ke 

oraer on the siw, a^-ick P^^ss v.orkerAaceept 

provisions neces for the security 

and check all uelivenes and he has w 

eXCaV |or°buUain- undertak^oi *„£?£"», '■" . the 

Poller" is , —-,_.; al the-Brlcklayer-Polier", 

^V-::oldin^Il- ■-■. ---, r-Polier". etc. 




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(b) The client has £f 

design ana U>_ 



supervise the jre ttioii oi a 



tered archi tect to 

— or iiim* 



SuTXuTii 

/contd. 



Page i;o.6 



uestion Ho. 



13 

Continued 



A n 



vi e 



In this case - and this is the fundamental aiii'erence 
as compared with the usual practice in this country - the 
architect, after having issued separate Specifications lor 
each class of v.-ork, receives the tenders of the various firms 

MP the contracts. The selected builder, (Contractor), 

v/ho in such a case carries out only the v.ork 01 the 
excavation, concretor, bricklayeiTand drainl yer is ^ever, 
responsible for carrying out one regulations ana is liable 
for all defaults made to the Local Authority. 

If the building is of a large size, the architect has 
*L5 ! r P ~rv o- "/orks ho is uaid by the client. 

This P man the'kef man on tn e site, actsTsolely in the interest 
of Ihe client, he has to >r nise the sequence ox the .or,:. , 
he keeps a Jou rnal , and charts regarding the progress of ohe 

ork on the site. All the various Contractors, viz bh 
respective Pollers" must ac all ord 

site v.ork from the Clerk of Works or irom the 



the 
architect. 



For tne normal medium sized house building the 
architect or one of his employees controls the work of 

F- ■ SEW- ^S 

building is executed according to his iaea. 



r 





/ R allesz \ 

/Former Austrian Registered Architect^) 

26, . .onarc;: Court, 

Lyttelton Road, London, K.2 



29th January, 194 3. 

2 Bncl3. (sketches of scaffolding) 




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1. Methods end Practice of Bricklayin g . 

1. Outside brick walls i» general on Ground Floor end FtAst 
™H« t° k 9 ^'76Uin. thick Hi;hor building thicks of 
walls to be increased Ji.?2!|. in. for ev* w „ storeys 
proposed to be used for permanent habitation. J 

f^orainary Tills? ^ ^^ ^ °™ Stand ^ d 8lz ° 

25cm lengthx 12cm width x 6.Scm height, equal to 
2 headers + mortar ]oint= stretcher. 
Measurements in inches would be 
9.8l|5in.long x l+.72l;in.wide x 2.559in.Mgh. 

2, ^! h i r nStr "° ti0n3 ' S0Ud brlck ™ nlls a"d cavitv wallsa 
are in commun use. Practice of construction of -Z 

17 il,?i frerB £ r r, 6 "g lish method. Overall thiokness^f wall 
i 7 *??3in.. one brick tfalc inside to take the full load 
~l 7 $ 1 "' cavit J + ^.72ltin. outer shell. Cavity is never 
extended around corners of building heavy lo fd p d oar-, 
at intersections of -.veils door and Window openings? 
rtwlJ ? t V l ? 0t kno ™° J " Heu of them headers wiih bac' a 
fh^n,! V" °l '? r at ? " 5 Letcher centres are bonded 

rqu^\^Lr:. r -nTJe\:^n:n^v:o^?i n Lr A ii 

pSd oltiS are^SnTsK- 3 ^ ^ 
St 1 5jSt2d! m " ti0n f0P brickv ' ork certainly exists but is 



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i 9 nre usually r< ■ Ld-e tuid 

p 1 a - ■ ' ■ ' ° • , 4. i • 

a norma] type of outside rendering used is line mortar,,!. 

preferably hydraulic lime mortar as atter sets and har 

ens quick ' the Influence Lsture i fhus ay 

ahrinkage and lastly Portland Cement mortar, 1 lime \ 2h 

-+6-12 parts clean sharp sand. Very often waterproofing 

materials are added to the rendering; material. Besides these 

a great number of patent 'pjieX aim! oated mixtures, similar to 

Adamite and Cullamix are in general us- are used in sit 

with the addition of clean water only* onsist of -round 

natural stone in 7 ;rades/fine medium and coarseJlime and 

cement. For certain effects colour is added. The advantr 

•these materials are: colourf astness, washability, natural t 

and texture. 

The technique of rendering varies considerably from v>>e 

English practice. 

In prenaration of rendering the plasterer will rake deep!/ 
all joints clean the br: 1 h a bv - at thor* 

ly Then he will dash on a Lng ^f the material to be 

used for rendering and allow time for setting thus prepar 
as rough a key as possible. 

Nov brickwork ' ^mbod to determine t Linimum 

thickness of the finished rendering. Next vertical screeds, 
6-7in.vnde are formed at appr.l+ft.c s.As men r 

are sufficiently dry the brickwork will be thoroughly we1 
arain and the rendering course consisting of the aoove 
ntioned variety of materials will be dashed on wmn 
Lderable force. It averaj |i b 2in.and is t 

lod d tool simili ■' a Darby u n Northern 

England, e of this c is left rough and 

de -, . n 5 enera] n ther ff is in use for ■ 

care is taken that' the surface is not 
nd smooth a. lication of the finish 

course wi-1-1 stop evaporation and thus aid 'the formation 
of shrinkage cracks*" 






H 



The most commun and cheapest form of finish Is hai 'ayed. 

• is doriQ - ■ ■ t slurry consis ' of lime and 

•ade clean sand yed on by hand with a 

broom knocked against a piece of wood. According to the 
distance this piece of wood is kept away from the wall the 
texture will be finer or coarser. 
Rou-h-cast and Pebble-dash in many varieties arc much used. 

at ent materials town as'Precious ar 1 

are used as folic ■ fter the usual preparation -or/ 



, ! 1 '7 i»t O '.3 »-l d *J J- Vrf -»- -»- — • • — - - - t_T 

an : 9 the '"- ^ ' '" - . '' 

.thick fri hydraulic lime and sand. This coursejvhilst 

hazel i; 



course ox Liio / uaouiio i 

y J>y . ick ia 3 i.ed 

rendering, 'pnls I: 



in ly devilled and rivon time to set. Then a 
i of the/na*: LI soaked a: ' ely 

after previous thorough wetting oi 
trc i until it ia « ' 

and intimatoly 'connect. ad ? 

mention is taker the a too dr-nso 

i to f st and to. stor oi 

in the first course.T-o-*v 
rry is vod bv 

i 6in. 
course ' I ' Lents of 1 nfc 

i . accor 









3 








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blade- appro- ,ly i ^fln^i-t at" 

course is hazel cm4 < i : all ingredients 01 



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St! more modern appearan, ;r ••« 

suseeptrtill 'acking .ihe part it - 

vim s?s 

in this country. 



In Austria and Hungary methods of rendering and plastering vary from V 
of Central Germany. 
Materials used 

(a) Lime l'ortar(Coarse Stuff): one part of well slaked 13 

to three parts of clean sharp 
ndf 
(t>)Lime Mortar(Fine Stuff): one part of '.veil slaked lime 

to 2\ parts of fine river $and, 
(c)Cement Mortar of 3 different types: 

(l)Lime Cement Fortar: 50kg or 110|lbs. Portland 

Cement to lcbm (35l/Sf t.cub) of 

lime mortar, 

one part of Portland Cement to 

6 parts of sharp sand, 

one part of Portland Cement to 

HTiRxpsrtxtJf^PcjrtiandxSementxis 

4 parts of fine river 3and, 



(2) Cement Mortar 
(Coarse Stuff) 

(3)Cement Kortar 
(Fine Stuff) 

(d)'Slow-Setting Plaster of 
Paris Kortar: 



Ex terna l Rend ering 






75kg. (165- l/321bs) plaster of 
Paris to lcbm( • ■•!» ft. cub. o 
lime mortar. 



Most houses are rendered outside with Lime Cement Mortar in three coat 
work and many techniques are in use. Common practice works as follows: 

After thorough cleaning of brickwork a coat of coarse stuff of a wet 
consistency is dashed on and trowelled leaving a roui -rfnee. /he* this 
this coat has hardened enough to resist a slight pressure of a finger nail 
a" second thicker coat is applied and trowelled ."/hen this coat is hazel xt 
the" slurry is scraoed off with a straight cdre thus exposing a^ rough 
texture. The aggregate used for this base work i 3 graded up to tin. These 
coats are given enough time for complete setting and drying until any 
further work is done then they are thoroughly v/etted-and t 

consisting of a fine mortar is applied with a float. Only when nazel tnie 
coat is trowelled down smoothly under constant wetting with a brush. 
After completion outside walls are normally white-washed twice wit 
slurry consisting of lime fine sand and litmus. ,., • , 

Very often dyes of a mineral base are used for staining the ri wh 
to obtain pleasant rr-^nl-ts. . n *v ov **«< 

besides the foregoing as the most common method of rendering other fin: 
Lmilar to those described in 'Central u ermany' are in use. 

as terinp. 

In Central Germany riala for plastering are: 

(a) Lime r for co.it ^ ^^ ^^_ 






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ioroupmy we-ctea^ann a setting coat 
isting of a fine mortar la applied with a float. Only n) n hazel this 
V.t is trowelled down smoothly under constant wetting with a brush. 
JTter completion outside walls are normally white-washed twice with a 
Slurry consisting of lime fine sand and litmus. 

Very often dyes of a mineral base are used for staining the whitewash 
to obtain pleasant results. . . 

Besides the forefoinf as the most common method of rendering other f ini ifr 
similar to those described in 'Central u ermany' are in use. 

Plas tering. 

In Central Germany materials for plastering are: 

(a^Lime l'ortar for base coat 1 part of slaked lime putty to 
UJLime i-oriar iox ^ ^^ Qf clgan gharp san(J free 

of loam = 

t^x TAmo Mn-r+nr a^ above but with fine sharp sand for setting. 
M As a rule Plaster of Paris is added to fine stuff for quicker 
setting and smoother finish. 

lei Plaster of Paris retarded by small nuantity of vegetable glue 
(C ' as finishing ooat i*-**d for high class work only. 
SSU* to^and^are^ea ^^plasterer, to (c)by special 

I plasterer only. 



p l art eriri£_o f _Ce ilin£3 . 



-jr" spaced 




Cons 
XX P 

apar 

ment.A nattinp: 



wide and 

to stop nov°- 

Un^of VedsTirir within", ..wire and_ daliye: 
consisting ui _ ,_,.j .,j „.,iw^iU at. rirht 



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Letters 
referring 
to para- 
graphs in 
Questioriair\e. 



DESIGN III ( jY in the late 19th century was Inferior 

to that *•» ■ ■■ '\*v /y~^ -'-~- 1 -- ( i -n i - j - H^r in this country J • 
But it made & r b3 "\ • ►€ aring^ES first 



A. 



tf/& 



third of tho 20th century. 

'Oho follov/ing industries may be singled out aa 
oxaaples of improved design and its success on the 
export market t- 

China (includ: earthenware and ceramics \ Plate, 
Jewellery in precious and semi-precious stones, Cutlery, 
Leather ^oods, Carpets, Tapestry, Furniture, Door aid 
.indow fillings, Li ;ht fittin i, tletal furniture, 
Electrical ; ccessories, Sanitary appliances and fitti. 
The extent o± trr.de increasej/ia indicated by the 
y#/,4t***e. followi] aioh compares the peal: export years 
*//*»«&■>*•>* before ,• ter t a first \o rid war. e figures are 
k'iven in million Reiohsmarkt- 



B.& 



EXPORT -III 



TO 



2211 



1927 



China 



Total 32.0 47.0 

Gt. Britain 4.5 5.7 
United States 10.0 13.7 



Cutlery 



lot :i 38.0 

Gt. Britain 3.0 



67.0 



5.3 



Jewellery in 
precious and 
semi -precious 
stones. 



Total 2.7 

(Jt. Britain 0.6 
United States 0.0 



20.0 

1.2 

4.0 



Leather Goods 



Total 35.0 39.0 

Gt. Britain 16.0 14.0 
United Otates 0.8 5.5 



Carpets and 
Tapestry 



Total 13.7 

Gt. Britain 2.8 

United 'Jtates 1.5 



29.0 

5.5 
4.7 



Design, thou h jaet the only reason for the increase 
in trade volir. , n in the table, was cert; inly 
a considerable factor in building up a reputation for 
Germaa f ;oods ••-■ich, in the Chic 3 ::iiibition of 1093, 
y a. • V vn*-*^t ^*"«- n/T.. o r c3 cii.ru t ■. r I j . ~^ ';ho slogan ' i ' d 1 . 

This upward development c; ic to a standstill 
durin g the late 30 f s. is remark, based on obser- 
D. ahp&r.**J*~ v '. bio n. , n^th q.-*.- v ■■• v,-,i i , ■ « — i — only. If ex ort was 
^U—^~ 2;:baacied during that time, it was due to new methods of 



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11. 



MS 
to 

( ylestio ^ir^e. 




** Strife of, ^ 

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0. 



German trade policy, using political powerl^r 
obtaining economic advantages. This standstill 
in the realm of artistic production was, it tfLU. 
be remembered, inst* - aeous in liter-tare and 
painting, owing to direct interference by rulers 
whose interest in cultural activities wan only that 
of uervertinp- them to suit their own ends. 

P £ design, this suffocation was less immediate; 
good standards could be maintained .«*i~^r~W-~. A 
^the moretectoic^industries where Jon» «• 
Itte^IogTcmirneOTraD 1/ Some crafts which fell 
into line with the retrogressive sentiments 
festered by the regime, e.g. wrought i'ft^jj 
even an impressive revification. But this and 

ilar revivals of past traditions cannot be 
admitted as » development in design 1 since tne 
Present dov problem is not concerned with handicraft 
ou?'ith industrial production. . Advan oe of design 
in this sense fBlso in Building) came to a standstill 
because Nazi influence reversed the very process 
which, in recent decades, was basic for the progress 
in design, namely, the abandoning of period 
reproduction in favoufc of forms expressive of 
contemporary life. 

GERMAN S - RIQRITY IIT i » e:"rly *W« , 
oenturF, must be largely ascribed to the f act that 
Germany took up a significant fcapet us wnioh 
originated, but was not brought Lo f ration, 



/Cds" 



¥ 



s/etrt afar e'&i 



1*1 



this country 



The reaction oi William ..orris 



3 circle to the industrial revolution, which 
u^set the traditional process of design (craftsman) 



. w « r ^s^L ^s~? a-j*wa.-** 



the failure of his practical lino oi actioni- 

If-Hli breaking ' from the classics^! not 

merely!^ B c -over from one :-.od stylo to 

another, buHIis preference of bhe mediaeval 
principles in^e^gn co. i #* germ of discarding 

period reproductio '^^ W 4^ o« ho 

2) Hie insistence oris^ound craftsmanship, uj ne 
interpreted it, was als> ble of growth into 

a comprehensive ide I e-.i^acvenent. 

During the next generation bhis^novement was taken 
u,, and spread vr idly in ^rmany^din ^some 
neighbouring countries. rried *°^* J* 

ScMtect^and < r 3 of great persWi • « 

at le^Weved its aim*'*, enough only 3b 
and after great effort, detoir s and failure, 






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Letters' 
reforming 
to p&ra- 
grg(pha in 

<* 4.q s t i dani r/e . 

; . ^^The^trenda pointed with increasing clarity towards;' 

The postulate of quality was interpreted (mo st *$"**>& ' 
ao u.i i. oly by the Deutocher \;crkbund) to include not ' 
only t;ood craftsmanship and material and genuineness 
of treatment 9 but even the long term aim of finding 
factory processes which could give satisfaction 
to the . orker. 

It was when 'Quality 1 was welded into one 
with genuine expression of the spirit of the age. 
ecially in its nethodo of industrial production. 

the hi \he:,t level was achieved. 












(LaJs^k'jTT^ ole Kunstj ' l "t S| oj 






Public at large, -ere drawn into this eultur 
" tru ' > ' l ° ■' nvolvcd not on ] 3 h< tic but al«o etl icvl 
( ' 1 ; 1 1: '• ™ indu , Ploa , , 

• L«n I calling in the best reput«d 
raotors buildings a»d products. ,, .. .,.. ... . 

ncaxlj not too inprc Bive, tic pr - 
- a cultured envir. . t. | 
minority set t: . standards of taste thus influei .littli 

jority. 
ji " « 'tition Roing. rh«y subscribed to t1 
. ' ' °J ° '* roduc d periodicals rrhicl I n t( - i 

1%*!"? ' . the r ntUry ' " he " tht< " Studl °" had be,, L 13 
in j ct ' ' f J art nagasine of repute. 

influence or these Kxtxx p nodical, 



> name the folloiring: 



s rfA S . gopuj l { < u.. C^^k-, 



Kunst und Dekoratioa 
Innnonde koratioi 
Die Pom (D.W.D.) 
Dir Kunst 
^i" Kunstrert 
' asi nth 1 ; atshefte 
Decorative k'unst 
Kiu st r;ir All 

•t und kKKst^cxxi Xuastlcr 

' '".athlntt 



' 1E list iR b ' ^ ik, cc picte. 




in deal . t of sou 

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LcMrt ers^re f e rr ing 
to paragraphs 
iiV/ uest$.onnaire • 
-^ -^ 



IV • 



fflDS EDUCATION I 



1 JGRTERBLER 1 . alo ^ 



Q. 



0. 



lines theoretically acknowledged in this country, 
was taken very seriously by, ■ ad made the concern 
of, German stateo rjid municipalities* ie 
'ICunstrev/orbcschulo'v/aa usually in the capital 
of a state and provided an all-round ti in 
design, with special clas or •Interior Dec or ati a 
•Fashion f , ' Lettering • , ' Oom i srcial Art * , • itage 
Design' etc. She 'Fachschule ■ was generally 
located near its industry, (lopferschule - mzlau 
Y/ebeschule Href eld ) . A gg/ 

Though both<tT.: then wore meant to serve 
industry in a vide and responsible s se, they 
were not expressly briefed by the Government to 
do so, nor were industrialists to a t, 
alloved to exert an influence," conflicting with 
the di - rcctlii ; school authority. is was 

put on v.- or!: ) training preceding artistic 

tfitioeship,^ - 



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Sunday morning classes were attended in the 

it i erbe or Fachschulen. - Llo/Cfe 

a J chschule, afterwards went through a 
'..erbeschule. 

he Princi pals of these schools, m-ostly .state 

-o rtftd , were reco *rs of 

pro ion, sometimes architects oi iters, 

in any case personality s ] yes 

in practice. They were selected with r t 
care, the method of selection bein^ not 
advertisement, but by the best man b . — .^orphod 
/CVL#e/M/7** fiCfr^elec l :iven a high standing, iavei 

fare** &>-nat i onali ty . 

"teachers. Apart from hono 
..... , ^-T were entru sted with well pa id com i: ion 
y fiu-Hf#eKe"c**>yTQX carrying out" prominent t V . Usually they 

were provided with f oil studios, where 

they worked with some o ir students who wore 
often also paid and were in any case brought into 






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touch wii ctical opportuni 

She training , in the kunstgewerbeschulen 

at least, \ us not st ;ed or stereotyped, 
jut vari ed and - — ppon, f> l ^'' , u^'' H '^ a ^ « 

Id on completion of trainingV 
Steaw — be&fc — — [y movr ■■< ■ ■■■ ' : "fne 1 of 
ewerbe tion Lned handicraft; 
•Industrial lesign 1 , as we kne , ' , a no t 
yet treat ,ng special and therefore not 

adequately catered for. 

GP declared the collaboration with 

i.i'.usory to be one of the principal aims of the 
1 us" . his ..- s well <= . ,;a 

workshops. But even here cr \lv t t 



3C 








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de+Sc^A workin S of aaterials by hand, was still baaio 






IV. 






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l\ttei> 

tov^ara- 

'aphs in 
fjuestionn^ire • 



C7# 



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shej+- <^*-* / £*V*V J s*i 






Revo luti one ry methods were applied to develop 
tactile, visual, rhythmic end imaginative pio*t£i 
facu lties (f ollo\ -i n; •__ lia: a set down by previous A 
-e.:;.-^Toebel, ontoT. orl, Dal croze) and also 










jJB.XCT0 7.ej 

to explore the- artistic possibilities Inherent 
in mechanical production (with the help of <^< u+*. ^^ 
collaborators such as Moholy-. ee, Kandinskf,) 
An exhibition, shewing these experiments , in 
Weimar 1923 was most)stimuli ting and ising. 
The theoretical basis has boon frequently- 
set out in 'Bauhaus 1 uhlic fcions. One oijthem 
•The New Vision 1 (:' choly- V, outlj convin- 
cingly, in its introduction, she edu( I lineiy 
ciples. The actual school work, ho ever, as 
illustrated in the book, does no: Lly confirm 
that these principles were succ< fi 3 y at 
into practice; in 
whole human personality,' a certain cold-intellectual 

r o acn las not been overcame. ^^=*<^±yr^i 

The reasorTway Groriuc~set~up" the 3 q^was • 
his general artistic 3rive, coupled with hj 
. lli ceptibility to the needs of our time; as one 
of the most vivid pioneers of t ation 

in d | • described above, he wanted to 
extend his influence. 

He certainly sue d in malting his voice 
widely heard. e final . tent about the 
results of the Bauliaus has, however, not yot 
been made. 

If a certain subjective extremism was rampant 
even in the 3auhaus f it is underst »le th 
pew design, as distinguished from ;ood design, 
was heavily in ■; ■ ; the 
manuf rs, stores-buyers and snobs. 
The remedy for such exag eratioi i, incompatible 
with quality in design can only be the \ eneral 
raisii rds of judgment. a cannot 

say that this in • chleved among the 
broi i . ^s, but definite i ress was made %t* 
WViTWWM in this respect. o h numerically 
not too i ive, there • certain co I ty 
united by the preference oi 'decently 1 
products and a culture 1. environment. It was 
this Qualified minority, oreover, hose opinion 
set the standards of taste, i influencing 
little by little that of the inert majority • 
After the concerted efforts i rous 

periodicals had begun to tell, it was t is 
com .unity which subscribed to 1 kept .;;oing 
lively competition in »e cultural exertions* 

The commercial benefits also Btarted f quite 
naturally, on the ho:';c market. vent 

of quality in design in Germany inevitably led 
to an increase in sales abroad, sfctf- i?y>cr ; ,y, % ■• ^ 

This was most vividly fostered on n-my 
evels. from state organised trade i down 



.m* 



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VI. 



Ct«TS 

rehiring 
tor pur a- 
^raphs in 
questionnaire 




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L. 

3K. 



to single shop windows in metropolitan streets. 
Great importance vr 15 riven to matt jrs of display, 
and excellent special sohoola were established 



e of 
and were or : I ed 
; their shop windows, 
displays caused 
among tnem certainly 



/> 



1 1 



.for the education ot display artists. 
the artists were dut standi* 
by larga firms for decor 
Illuminated by nipt, these 
pilgrimages oj. spict-tors, 
TQany buyers from /abroad. 

Among the trade fairs, the most important was 
the •Leipziger btesse 1 , held t\7ice yearly. its 
growing imoortance and volume wo dly 
partly due xo improved design. ^ewn 

by the establ: at of a i villion, 
■Grassi kiuseum 1 , where the Kunsi roe production 
attracted ;reat numbers of visitors-from 
"cTouhtries. 



aWlne Leipziger . ssae^there 
was lively activity in exhibitions which, although 

not pronounced trade occasions, helped the 
advancement of quality in d< ■ ■■ , 1 faey were 
usually directed or a< rominent art 

relations or individual eta. re 
:v: orted by the i- L states 
or loc 1 s. l org nisations, 

such as the j)eutscher £u ."erbe herein or 
especially the )eutscheT er I, e also .e ^Ae<l 
V ; 1 ■-, - / u 4-i v-i cio-ny on ^■■ .ciity y for i -tttrcru -uluir - 1 
^diixojti^ft^. Ihc- j b ;er organisation, founded 
in 1 / is a '-roup of artisl 1 Ldustri 'lists, 
was a free agency, devoted to the improvement 
("veredelung") oi industrial prod ction in 
collaboration wd industry. .ith &he 

its grow .'Access, it I by cultural and 

official bodies and thus gain - vernmen-ual 
support, but was not financially dependent upon 
the G o v e mm e rxt • 

BEST differed f is in 
Great Britain o ... The Institute of 

i unktur 1 only explored and published 
ents in eco . It was left 
a t ^ UL ^ 1q firms to look after their own interests 

' " in this respect. 



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fETHODS & PR AC OP BRICKLAYING 



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Bon. Secretary: . ■'. leifenberg 

L^.Bclsizc nve. . .o. Pri.L 



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ii!OI>S L PRACTICE O'S - 




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J.o foli - i to od£ stice 

of bricklaying , ii*/ to 

..>. a uoi: i '.., ii ,1 c regi alt 

. i ;.i , i i L; indie ion or 1 iral practice in bo 

^ be given. 

1. (a) ■ or ;ii m;.' pi Ii'j ^ . 

In genera. L ince 1 R* 0l . 19th 

Cen ury only one s1 " size i'or ordinary brie b 

i j ii use (rteichsforraat ) : 

25 era x 13 x 6ir ( j ! ! l^lti^ 1 

I o headers plus mortal joint * stretcher, 
oriaont 1 joint* l.d uci, vertical join • 1.0 - • 

the _W_ region, l e umburg size is in 
us? -• d: 

g». cm * 10.5 cir x ; . (16 courses ri toj^^ja) 

bricil ii [IT in aae b< i the leiehsroruiat . 

ally. •■ 
locally • id so ociaJ i *i 

arc • ■• '• " L n ° 

ii .or la Loe . 

o frogs nre kn . ' • 

{\>) General tl »f '■ ■ jj^.« 

Lc ii aa vrriou according to type of bi 
utsod. . .orally. 1 bri< I * ' ) 

is consid! ob i - ■ ' ailS01 

e rooi ■ i. 

it ii i ored Bound 

s 

but one-null ' 

regal - a /or a lull d< eilu i built xoi 

class people. 

v ric< - to thio 
16 ace the follovun* ie gxven (Berlin 

rc^ulii'- ions) : 

Is: '6 cm for tl ' 

si ... ".£ ■ : 



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(c) Normal Bondli £ • 



.. cr088 Bcndin," 1. 1 - 

use. -lo >• 

Stretcher com "i^toray » to corner, 

header oouraei run umiormiji 

(a) ^henoj ! ! / " 

ln the inters . 
vuth oavitj ■■ Lie — »*«*£. , . - 

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*■ • using euch oavitz wal3 

lne foreniOBt ooject i 



(a) to reduce ooet, ••' 
, D ) to decrease U« 



hAt the last ob.,. rt Boald 
lt«a>. however, cent. 

be horizontally bio ^ ^ ^ 

5, . ■ 

••» oarerull; ■ cona idered 

, itv walls er not p" 1 ' - 

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is uot presently at, 

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(to) _ - 

n d, but i ii 

i i if and • °_ r0 - 

nieri S 3 LsticuseoX 

faoii^ bn.ci-8 xi« 

If oj I- , ■ 

ty,c (blue bl j ,,, ,_,. c, • ll 

olin« U>. facing bricks 

It »ay be eaidj -m "V ' 

decreases tin • 



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header oouraea run amiomily u* 

(a) ThonorsalJ ^ £ 

wall, i r«tcpSiI Leal being la cm. 

before Uu, i-t . «"< . 

and ti.e ltiti rnal leaf being 

with cavity yaU. oouai s n* o* t fali 

thickaesi ot c * , 

thici 689 o lJ - „ .v- 

rendered ext -mall* ■ •<> 1 

, i asiiig eueh cavil. Lie 

, he l'orc ost object in «■* t> 

v ae:- 

( .,) 10 reduce cost, 

(b ) t,o decrease *• 
only bo attuned bj , <; , to 

sis. — t * iceyere ' 

aite 

ss 

- ! 

' » 'wo'- 

wall. ■ '• ' ' — 

SUut. • J brieve, 

aiH v , ,, nv oonslderee 

1P „o o-.vity *alla ere not B raw* 

. , m uot present^ a *. 

,., , u .. >s KSKSS- ^f 

', "Kff'S.'SJS 

c Limat I • *.-*,.k« 

It .ay be .aid that t) ■ 

decrease, the more »a B c south. 



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After usual .relation ***%%?&&&&** 1 

00Bt , waLls are rendered »"*£?££ wfxlst hazel 
hydraulic lime and sand. ™"^ e t0 se t. '"f 

2 intensely devilled and given txme^ ^ xima tely 

a coat of well B0 % R «* P after thoroui,n wetting ol 
5/16" thick is ^.xxed aUer ^ until it is equally 
rendering. «"•■ xo *"«"?* „ itn the rendering. 
"read and lntimat fl? °°™ e ^ e the skin being too 

LngredLents o£ the P^« ^ oe . 

or finer, according three . CO at work 1; 

in contrast to the f°™. a £J£ thicker that 

ass, s-Lsr- & 

J^ c - Hlflirth^cuetomary in this country. 

aenderxng La ueuall^cne c b jy a tra c a d seam8< 

on piecework who work veiy . . ,. , s - 

I a teriala for plastering aa 
(111 Plastering. *,««•- 
tt8 ed in-central Germany are. ^ ^ 

(a) time .-ortar foi r base coat: P^ sand 
slaked lime putty to i~» parts 
free ol loam. Bharp sa nd 

t*\ LLt - ortar as above but wl|n a t0 

for aemng" im L a ^'^an' smoother LLnLsh. 
gL stuff for .uxcer sett g ^^ 

'SU'iS-Vii .rcoat-io/n^h-aass 

ofvccot-ioxe o ial - 

work only. t use 4. 

• i = for olasterxii^ are 
Patent materials lor pi ruiu ,ry 

♦ ,.i -nd (b) are uued by ordinary 
Materials to <- c ^\lasterer onxy. 
plasterers to (ol rop aratory to 

II") W^g^SWi*- fy-wL^an £* 

to stop movement^ ; cUvcrcd m rolls is i« l; , , 

galvanised wire speo i i flat ne 

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•ough key ■ ' „ lU „ of - 

ae line mortar with adhe sLon 

oonsistis 
Plaster ox l'aris 






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a n- sis t",EKef oJ-,:snS;.. suss - 

the quality of lime used. 

Lathing is often used as well, Rpl is °f lat ^ 
consisting of well seasoned rough timber sUc^ 5 mm 

square, laid on edge and ft™ 4 *°«°£« £™ l'0''-6'6« 
galvanised wire, are sullied in widths 110 
and in lengths from aOit - 50ft. ine y "« acr0 ss 
re uired sizes, fixed wiU> galvanised f a ^ rited 

ss.^-s'SiiLi'j: ."S? ai« «£»& ««-^ 

and to form vaults. 

A key of thin wire mesh is used for the same 
purpose (RABixlO • 

,or fire resisting eon. rete and steel construction . 
expanded metal ceilings [similar to angi ^ ^ & 

suspended and „ot suspended are in use attaChc d 

patent wire mesh with small hits oi 
to increase tne Ley. 

c y] ,su, hase hoards often containing^ .e^or 

? O r s O ^ntlyf and^o U eoa; wof/with lime and Plaster 

of i'aris i.ortar is applied. 



4. 



movement by a float covcre 






and so forth. 

, ethods usee in auetria and Hungary for plastering 
do not vary essentially from the above. 

S 8 to the ^cti^>JLiiS<^^ 
winter, - general answer oan be *™%J*£ £] 1U 
HHeTent lor different region. in * Unue a i£ 

and Central Ger .any »"»« ^ d e?rees cclsius of 
temperature falls belo« about £ ^gre^^ ^ ooiiUntted 

g'S^ "fi-ireefing'hcJoals to the mortar. 

Xn I.I. Germany -stria •**%£*•£* ts* 

Id discontinued in winter periods extern, g 

months. 

foundations must «? down to dept wner ^^ 

be dangerous to .oil (usually i.uu , 
1.20 m). 



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6 . A nor mal days output per bricklayer on an 8-hour 

shift averages 400-500 bricks, although often higher 
figures (800) arc given, due probably to longer 
hours of work and greater output per he ur boiore^ ie last 
war. in eaee of piecework, tne figure is much higher, 
1000-1300 bricks. 

Ratio of bricklavertoLabourer is not standard 
but IS average Sli to 3:1.1* brick laying is done in 
piecework the number of labourers is ^creased. 
£ Austria ana Hungary the ratio is conversely UZ 
..roDobly due to insufficient mechanisation, in 

Hungary 30/, of labourers are women. 

Bricklayers^d.abourers erect and s trlK. Jointly 

bricks (often done in piece .^; o -f^ ourors oarr y 
^ater! -rtarlln bo.es)" irioks (on stretchers) . 

wording in pairs. 

S»d%ith things and «amps ; * he *« s * a fi:cea 

platform at every floor level -ua o erected. 

SKra-^^hfS'^jWUr trestles are 
used vmich are adjustable in height. 

The.attached sketches show detaUs^ scaffolding 
' l^rof^cfffofdlng as^or -pairs rendering 

simpler construction. 

IB Hungary rsmps -^usu^slo^ei^!:^ B? 
of the mam scaffold. £•«?£, ca J rric6 on ramps 
luaxiuum slope 1:3. '.^"t bourers move on 

^lif S^rmLrieco n far^iatfcrms are for the use of 
bricklayers and their materials only. 

very strict. 

„ .-sas^-sk: seas a-sassr • 

"e Teed in Austria and Hungary. 

Brxcks and mortar are usually^ malnt alned at^ ^ 

platfcaa level. J^l! tortSr i- 

brick stands is ue« |to ilse ie overt urnea box. 

frequently kept u t boxes on^n q£ briC , i , 1 , cr , 

sir j: sstsrVi 



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A euccessrul method «, , to ^^iSM^ST* 

to the site paokea In o re. boxes. U iting gear, ana 
Soxes to where they were wanted by ^^ , 8 

to lower the empty boxes ... i » taKe8 oat tne 

»£"?££ ^reotlylrL She hex. 

0„ waller oobs.briek, . «* mortar ^tr-ported 
on w oedcn trays or feel hoto. « eo h allio al 

Ins;- nssis us ».» °;ns/.r;Kr" 

(*) Generally, SaS^^a** 6 opening «%**£*,*$, 
brickwork in *£f •£.. £U to roofed reveal; , on* 

by tarred cord nailed 

with wood wool. the HuIftburg 

,„,.. are important exceptions^. vjiU tue 

ihere a ' c "frequently still UU |V it iB tne 
region frames are «e* '^ ln tastria it is ac 

brickwork as work proce ^ iJQ openin g B as 

usual Practice to A« t . 

brickwork is up to ^ though 

= »w never meant to taice cu or country. 

L HT stron-er tnan those use, in this icdioatea 

85Sff«2;-S«J -^nsi°ons a are 

«. ; . n h courgo_se^^j^ 1<> . 

tSTST level ii jTobsxD ^ 

^e norML^i^^g^rio ^vMini 8 or 

cement mortar ^^ig^g, 

'1'he usual hia* *** 








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IX. 



0# 33 cbm slaked lime 



1 cbin clean sfratp sand . ^^ 



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This is considered as old ^ehioned. prooeed8> 
ivo Jhere frames « ^ -4 . . 



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a Xa are always 



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1. Methods end Practice? pf jjrj-c^lns. 

ESS to & &2£*t3& in.foro Vory two more storeys 
^fe last^ulrterM i^'caStv.ry only one standard size 
for ordinary bricks; 

2Scm lengthx 12cm width x 6.5cm hoight.equal to 
2 hoadars + mortar joint= stretcher. 
Measurcmants in inches would ho 
9.8Lv5in.lons x h.72kin.wide x ,..y)9in.hivi. 

? Both constructions, solid brick wells end cavity wallsn 
r <n cc ' uso.Practlce of o< nstruction of cavity* 

U°<:irror= fro°m english mat , 'verall **«£.«, of well 
v? ' -,in. one brlc.ii thickness insiuo tc bake the lull J.o..a 
ll'&lto. c°.vit 3 + lv.72Um.ou* >• choU.Cavity is never 
txtended around corners cf building heavy lore. rts 

at intersections of walls door end window openings. 
Wall tics ere not knovm.In lieu of them headers _i,n-c s 
*?i£J( in hot tar ot 2-3 rtrotchor centres ore bonded 
tnrou* cavity 11 aopr.each 5 th course in vertical bond. 
Onlvcaviti.es holow wound are permanently veil J ted.Ml 
oSors aoove *r orary openings curing drying 

ncriod of brickwork are eerefully sealed. „_,««.. hn1 - i 9 

Typical specification for brickwork eei nly exists but is 

not nt hsnd. 
J.Outsido v;:-,x : :rx ; -:: -.rile rrc usually rendered outside cad 

^rSV''"^ utside rendorl, "^r^ffi! 

T^afnrnblv hydraulic V to nortnr ns • -c lattoi s cs r.na au 
^ns cocker under u ■ 'Icture , 



■ 



Sri£ grand la tiy Yo'r Wand" Cement mortar.l lim< .♦ 2comont 
+6-1- parts clean sharp sand.Very often wat 'Proofing 
Ipterlels • ded to fch -lr : mat .rial, 

a great nuSer mixture^ milar to 

Ad'«S and Cull. re in general use.The arc used in sit 

^^ston^n" ' -Mine • lS~* 

, ^Fo^cortain effect's colour , { -- J *• 

these materials aretcolourfastnoss,washability,nai:urei 

So fcocnnloue of rendering varies considerably from the 

iKreoaratlon"} rendering the pi, , terer will rake deeply 
allMoints clean the brie'-:.- k with a broom rr.a ■ et .no ou 
Iv Then he will dash on n orlcklng of the material to he 
uledfo^ rendering end alio, time for setting thus preparin 

So^hf brick? r! U^lumbed to determine the minimum 
vhic ness'of inished ronderln ^oxt vertical screeds, 

h 7in ido ere formed at appr.hft. centres. As -oon as cvey 
^sufficiently dry the brie! , 11 be the . ly watt, 

,in end the rendering course c ing of the above 

mentioned variety of i als ..ill be ft »» h 

considerable forco.lt uvor, I just over /Viii. £*:££„ 

lod down ith a tool. si. hi. e Darby « In Northern 

Englend.'fhe surf.ee - ' [ " » «* fchla 

devilled. In norol ro - ■■ t*° " ■ le , ln "?« 5 or :„ 

coarse and " " : ' 2?*,*S „ . 

the flnimvng 

ntlon 
of i irj i" a ;o cri o a. 






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Pago 2. 

The most com,™ and oncost ^< «*&£ ^1*0* anf* 
This is demo in a way that a slur PT »on , ^^ wlfch a 

sharp medium grade clean sana is - ^ . dl ; r t0 the 

broom knocked against a P* 90 ! °£ "2° a * from the wall the 
distance this piece oi v;ooa is sept away 

texture will *%"»£ Z£" "ny varieties are much used. 
Rough-cast and Pebblo-d^h i n - -any , ProcloUB Plaster' 

ThoVtont materials ^rall, knovn • of br;lc ,,,or! 

ore used as follows: A«er the us "Jl P appr02cima tely 

and pricking course the walls are . crn ,, E0 ^ilst 

5/ 5 m. thick in hydraulje llm > J^™ n tim9 z0 B8 t.Then a 
W.ol is lntenselj ^evlliea a ne^& EPP roxir.atal 

course of tho patent ma ^ r previous thorough netting of 
J/ 5 in. thick is applied after provioua . equally spread 

the rendering, bhla ^ £*!"•«£ rondorln S .However,as already 

and intimately connected to .he rana fcoo aense 

Mentioned great caro i^^^st ^nd to step evaporation of 
and smooth to form a. hard :««■*■» tt 00UM0 .§ meet this danger 
tho moisture retained in no i -i . fi , itb a , t ,ei 

the dense slurry Is ^ w °ion- This to be done eli lilst the 
blade approximately 6in.lon . • - ; . nt 

gSS:, 1 .!^ Sraforor-fi-r according to choice. 



fi-^s-sa^s;^ 



h finishes 

«itn more modern w£*'.»^oH£ra« 

snscoptability to or ack n.-- P. - fpcV ., s because 

r^her^st arf net the S ,Sl, bu^th, 

II ^tl^r^^^iff-caa^*- 1. ...*—.* 

in this country. 
^Building operations arc ^-^SK*.' o/i Sing 

Sf So^r^S^ffffi tho last war. 

bfoilf on-riglohT LfipiSSS. u, r scai folc 

, i „rf old fa* Uonod timber scaffolds are both 
7 Tabular steel and old le —- 1U " U J» ,„ 

7 u^cdTKaain-, of platform •;«*££ 60a f fo ldln G 1th poles 
Por „ : - .. walls oraln«T tlmb« .o.tr 6tSroys>ld9 ntlcal 

S^^SS'-SSfSSJlSSSr^Ml-. P-Posss scaffolding 

must bo indepondant. nceldonta on Bceffolds 

Egul.tion. for- the Prevention of accldo^ ^ ^^ 
are vory sevoro and ccntroi u* ^ * 

*<*fc 3in •■ide and bric v .s 
8. Scaffold platforms as a rule ""^^'xevel. Sometimes a 

and mortar arc ma * ntai *f ^L^ftands la used be raise level 
wood board ltaprovicod on brie* - l fci u in use. 

but otherwise no more "^^ft SSd 2ld« °* bricklayer. 
Bricks are usually placed on lo « £»» brloka rnd morber 
On smaller jobs with ono I ^ carried on bee'.: of man, 
are transported by hand.-Iods ai o i.u 

i n some regions on hoca. d on higher buildings. 

fcEchanical methods are sonarolly usoo » transporbl! 
Here a petrol driven hoist or lift is 
mor?ar P and brlcka either in spec • 

tipper b 

cuantJ Les. ' B . 

] ^ • 




■ 











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Page 2° 

meant to take Liy weights although S enerally stronger than those 
used in this country. 

. XO.With the exception of quoins the bricklayer completes each course 
j separatelyo 

\ Mortar is used with a wot consistence. 

o 



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A 



pB3I GN TK or.MA-'iY in the ln.te 19th oontury was ifl. inferior 
to that in other countries (notably in thi'3 country)* 
But it made a remarkable recovery during the first third 
of tho 2Cth c ntury. 

The following ind letrioa nay be singled out as example! 
of improve deaign and its oucceos on the e port market?- 
China (including earthenvare and ceranico) Plate, Jew- 
ellery in precious* and aeml-precioue etoneo, Cutlery , 
Leather goodo, Carpota, npeatry, I umiture, :;oor and 
window fittinga, Light fittinga, Metal furniture, ot- 
rioal acoeeaoriea, Sanitary appllanoea and fittinga. 
The extent of trade inoreaea la indicated by the follow- 
ing table whioh oomparea tho oak export yeara before and 
' after the flrat world war. The figuraa ere given in mil- 
lion Reichamarki- 
ggQKT in , Iw HS0L3 ^221 

China 



■Total 



[19X3— 
32.0 



Gt.Britain 4.5 
United tatea ! 10 •8 



Cutlery 



47.0 

5.7 
1?.7 



Jewellery in 

■ 



Total 

•it] Ln 

otal 
Gt.i'/ritain 



33.0 
3.0 



67.0 
5.3 



2.7 

0.6 
0.8 



20.0 

1.2 

A. ' 



Leather Goods 



Total 

ct. ritain 



35.0 

16.0 
0.0 



39.0 

14.0 
5.5 



Carpota and 
poetry 



Total 13.7 

ct. Ltain 2.0 

1.5. 



ted 



29.0 

5.5 
. ftil 



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Deaign, though not the only reason for the inoreai 
in trade volui , ia ahown in the table, v?as oortainly a 
oonaidorable factor in building up a reputation for German 
gooda, which, tf*tho Ghloago Exhibtlon of 1003, were ohar- 
aoterlaed by the slogan •cheap and bad 1 , 
i^i**** hie* development croe to a atand»till during the Jate 

jJ ft 30*0. Thia remark, based on obeervation, in concerned with 
^ dc l only. If export waa extended during that tine, it 
F- v a due to new net node of German trade policy, uaing polit- 

I. 



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II, 

ioal power for obtaining economic advn.ntn£eo f Thia stand- 
still in the realm of artistic production was, it will be 
remembered, instantaneous in literature and painting, owing 
to direct interference by rulers, whose interest in cultural 
activities v;as only that of perverting them to suit their 

own ends. 

In deBlcn,thia ouffoontion of ito creative function 
waa loo3 Immediate^, es] -daily in the more technical Indwrt 
riea, where forma are l.dlologioally neutral. Some orafta 
F which' foil into line with the retrosreaaiva aentimenta 
' fostered by the regime, e.g. wrought iron, showed oven an 
impreeaive revivification. But thla and ai lilar revivals 
of paat traditions oannot bo admitted aa •development in 
deelm* aince the to cent day problem doea not concern handL 
oreft, but industrial reduction. lv nco of accirxi in this 
senoe («** elao In Building) coma to a i lotlll boc -ujo 
Has! influence revved the very proceaa which, in recent de. 
cadco, waa baalo for the progresa In design, namely, the 
abandoning of period reproduction In favour of forma exprea- 
. ive of co temporary life. 



G. 



G ' 1ITY If7 IT 



•TG]T f early thlo c ntury, nuot 



be largely aaprihed to the fact that Germany took up a aig- 
nif leant lm, etua which oricinated, but waa not brought to 
fruition in thla ountry. She reaction^ 1111 crrle and 
his circle to the 'ma atrial revolution, which upaot the 
tr-ditional proceaa of deeign (craftamen), expressed twe 
pregnant Idoaa, which lived on - d.aplta of the inadequacy 
of hio praotioal lino of action i- 

1) Hi. braking away from the olaoslca did not merely Imply 
a changa-crer from one period otylo to another, but hio prof- 
eronce of tho mediaeval prlnclplea In deaign contained the 
arm of dlaoar Ing period reproductions alto-oth-r, 

2) Hie lneietanoe on aound oraftemanship, ae he Interpreted 
it, wao alac capable of growth in-to? a comprohenolvo ld£clc* 
ical uove::ont. ^ mr nn 

„«,:, «,. »«« .WOK ««• •«— * '■"•"" " """ "' 

„.. .**««. _~« fc--jss , 1 5 easts' 

II. 



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III. 

The trends pointed with increasing clarity towards 
1.) Conteif-poarinefls, 
2.) Quality. 
The demand of quality was interpreted (moot aoutely by 
the &*«*&• Deutscher arkbund) to include not only good 
craftsmanship and material, sonuineness of treatment, but 
even the Ion- terra aim of factory processes which could 
give satisfaction to the worker. 

It was when •Qaality' ad*=^*=4*«»e was welded into 
ono with genuine expression of the spirit of the age, 
especially its methods of, Industrial production, that the 
highest level waa achieved. 

Efforts towards restoring a sound formative process 
in design and production remaind by no means confined to 
a narrow orbit of professional d< signeers. ■ The whole 
• unetgewerbeS industrialists, politicians, and indeed 
the public at large, were drawn into this cultural etruggl 
which involved not only aesthetic, but also ethical and 

miT C '1 VC si J " - :i3 w * re i iaaliotio ono °- GroGt 

industrialists pioneered in th.se fie] , o tiling in the 
best reputed designers, both for their factory buildings 
and for their produots, -aid contented tJ ivos vrith 

moral success^ 

It was not .xport trade, the bost-eeller and tho customer, 
which prompted each paSronggei the re-establishment of 
Bound princi] l desi n was en end in Itself, even in 
tho view of ni.;h rani: n; politicians, like riedrioh 
Haumann, although he was well aware of ths prospects of 
extending Germany's ^orketo toother with her cult oral 
presti^o. 

A great number of well produced periodicals Joined 
in these endeavours. If 'he Studio- wan the leading 
art magasine at tho turn of the century, it was then out- 
^/n««^/;^^^Houo feyv publications, suoh as 

Kunet u-: --ovition, 
Innond koration, 
Mo Form (D. • •)» 
\J :io Kunst, 

Uor Ku iotwart, 

^uti^s . onatshefts. 



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IV. 

THS TSDUC.'JIon OF TH^IflJKSTGr/^KBL^ R^ along lines theor- 
etically ac:-aiov/lcdeed in this country, was taken very 
seriously by, and made the ooncern of, German . tatoo 
and municipalities. The , Kunat^e\vGrboailule , wan usually 
located in the metropolis of the state, the •Fachschule* 
near its industry. 

Though both of them were meant to serve industry 
in a wide and responsible sense, it was not to any ext- 
ent the ndustrialista who wore allowed to exgrt^ian in- 
fluence, conflicting with the disinters stedfliu^ority. 
The principles of this education put the emphasis on 
workshop, as procedin ; artiBtio training. During the 
apprenticeship evening and Sunday morning olasses were 
attended, in Kunstgewerbe or Fachochulen, afterwards tho 
full-time Kunstgewerbesohule . 

The principals of these mostly state or muuioipaliti [ 
eu pported schools were recognised masters of oheir pro- 
fession, sometimes architects or painters, in any case 
personalities who had proved themselves in practice* 
They were selected with great care, irrespective cf nat- 
ionality, an given a high standing. The same applied 
to the special teachers. Apart from honour and good 
salaries they were entrusted with v.ol-paid commissions 
for carrying out prominent tasks. Usually they were 
provided with first class studios, where they worked 
with come of their students, who often wore paid too 
and were in any caso brour^it into touch with praotical 
opportunity, 
he training was thus not standardised or stereotype, 

but varied and personal. 

Ho examinations eew were hold on oompletion of training. 

throughout this movement the basis of Kunstgewerbe 
education remined handicraft; 'Industrial Lesion', as 
we know it today, was not yet treated as something spec- 
ial and therefore not adequately catered for. 

0KQPIU5 declared tho collaboration with lnd 3try 
to be one of the principal aims of the •Bauhaus 1 . This 

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was well equipped with workshops. But even here crafts- 
manship, the working of materials by hand, was still 
basic* 

The reason why Gropius set up the Bauhaus was his 
general artistic drive, ooupled with his susceptibility 
to the needs of our time } as one of the most vivid iion- 
oers of the transf orm-ition in design, as described above, 
he wanted to extend his influence. 

He certainly made him elf widely heard, the final jud^men- 
about the reuults of the Bauhaus has, however, not yet 
been made* 

If a certain subjective extremism was rampant even in the 
Bauhaus, it is underet and able that new design, as dieting* 
^ uished from r -ood design, was heavily in demand among the 
uneducated nan. faoturers, [-.tores-buyers, and snobs, 
especially after a poriod when •revolutionary 1 qualities 
in designers were appreciated* 

The remedy for such exaggerations, incompatible with 
quality in design, is $he general raisin:- of standards of 
Judgment* Definite progress* was made in Germany in this 
respect ♦ Though numerically not too Impressive, there p 
was a certain community united by the preference of 'de- 
cently* shaped products and a cultured environment. It 
was this qualified minority, moreover, who Be opinion 15 :t 
the standards of ta3te, thus influencing, little by littli 
that of the inert majority. After the concerted efforts 
of the numerous periodicals had bo^un to tell, it was thii 
community which subscribed to them and kept going lively 
competition in theoo cultural exertion* • 

The commercial benefits also started, quite natur- 
ally, on the homo market. But the advent of quality in 
design in Germany inevitably led to an increase in sales 
abroad. 

This was moj t vividly fostered on many levels, from 
state organised trade fairs down to single shop . indows 
in metropolitan streets. Great importance was f;ivon to 
/?^*2. /££/£> que»*iona of display, and exoellont speoial schools were 
established for the education of display artists, florae 
of them were outstanding and engaged by lar t ,o firms for 
dooorating their shop-windows. Illuminated by night, 

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those displ^s oauae& pilcrinagss of spectators, among 
them certainly many buyero from abroi.* 
Among tho trade fairs the moot Important one was the 
•Letpzl^cr Hesse 9 , hold twice yearly. Its mowing im- 
portance and volumo was undoubtedly partly due to im- 
proved design* hia is shown by the establishment of 
a lar&e pavilllcn, •Grasci Husoum*, whore tho Xunot- 
gowerbe production attracted great n mbers of vioitoro 
from all countries* Beaidoa the Leipziger Hesse, then 
was ©lively activity in exhibitions, which, although 
not pronounced trade occaei ns f helped the advancement 
Of quality in design, as they w^ro usually directed or 
advised by prominent art associations or individual 
artists* They were sponsored and sup orted by the 
federal states or 1 cal authorities* 

irtioipa ion in National exhibitions (often with 
Government grants) wore also advised by institutio 



.one 

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\Q&tje/*i ^^hJ^^ClTX\ ) »utscher bu d. This institution, 

~T in 1907, bu a &rou n >ts and industrialists, was 
a free \genoy, • voted to the cultivation of etria 
oductioa in collaboration of art and industry* With 
;rowing success it v. Lned by c.n^ L and offioial f 
bodies i -us gal omental sup ort, but was 
not financially dependent on the Government* 

r_-- ; 1 - •' .;:II differed from systems in Ore at 
Britain or th -.....* The Institute of Konjunktur 
orsohung only explored and published »ral movement 
in economics* It was left to single firma to look 
after their own interests in this respect* 



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< ♦>,« late 19th century »a» Inferior 

century a ^f^^fmt third o/tne 20th century. 
Th e following induetne. may he sln B 

T «allerv in precious & semi * TftT , fi «trY. Furniture, 
jewellery i * t & Ru gs , Tapestry » Furniture, 
Leather goods, Carpe Fittings, Metal **" 

nas due to better design. n« CODS iderable factor in i 







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The livin. development **^£^*Z&£&?* 

ky the advent of **•»»' and. and e in t„rference 

i-r d 10 - ^n^rTieSt! To lead to a — «. 

Thi s .as less marked i. £ more W-g-X ^ny^rults 

that the Leipzig fall r « ^ ™« x £ retrogressive sentiment, 
crafts which fell into line »" 1 showe d even an 
fostered by the ?*»•' "fc^f S/pa.i traditions, however, 
impressive revivication. ^'J-' 8 d pro blem i.e. 
concern handicraft and not the P*«?«"; ° J ^ he i eod ing German 
SSi.l design. C«««f at r b titr t t.. ioct. -ere cut off the 
periodicals seem t0 , * "f 7t »as m0 re evident still in 
living tree of «•»' ^.VU* pavilion on the Paris 
official manifestations like tne 
Exhibition of 1937. wt depend 

0n the other hand it «•**•" "^irtfes, but on na. methods 
any more on quality in tD * V^nucal po-er for obtaining 
^German trade policy f 1 ,^ 5 "^ agreements and dumping 

xxt^&v^ - — • d hi clrcle 

tnd dfsigners sometimes sposored by progree ^ d 

trie Grand Duke of Hesse j. A ^^Industrialists, politicians, 
i !„d bv the -hole "Kunstge-erbe' ./";"" r int0 this cultural 
^indeodThe public * Wj/EtSu. tut also ethical and 

9truggle „hicb i?^';2 r rU».tr?ali.t. *h. ^^"trs for their 
r i :id\f S re:Un T t; r :amng in the best reput : d g design t rs i0 

&U ^""-^th^rara r^ing »*-«'.£- USStl^ 

ST.* ~-S - ^ Ca * u of r8Pttte - 



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The influence of these «t« periodicals was formidable. 
We name the following: 

Kunst und Dekoration 
Innnendekoration 
Die Form (DoW.B.) 
Die Kunst 
Der Kunstwart 
Wasmuth's Monatshefte 

DekoratiYe Kunst 

Kunst fur Alle 

Kunst und X*m*i"xi KUnstler 

Das Kunstblatt 



This list is by no means complete. 



» is against thl. »-^^^,^I t T. rt M^(^mti:i.. 

and unofficial, to promote good design ™- f#) 

Fairs, Organisations Education Off icia M > and of 

r^nc'cariredlr^rrisfenri^tnrou^out a great number 
of years they would hardly have been possible. 

Be wa nt to emphasize that «» •^•J.^t'^^'p^Sl" 

were idealistic ones. The re- e stabl ishm en ot ^ £ ^^ 

in design "as an end i» »«" «™ n although he was well aware 
politicians Ilk. ''f »f al B n "^ i St. together with 
^^ulCr^sUg:"!"^ not th^ e.ort trade, the best 
eeller and the customer who dictated. 

Commercial benefits could "°^nhey7taned!Tuit"nat«rally: 
led to an increase in sales abroado 



Ihexde.el^mwtxdwmnAhBnnBhnwi ndxiaii 



ai this was most I i^^/ro t :in d g i:%r P y w 1 i rd e ow:: from 3tftte 

organised trade fairs down to s "!^ ' p he „ Leipzi ger 
to ong the Trad. Pairs the »•»* ^J"wor?ano. and volume was 
Messe, held twice yearly, t. growing imp pa vilion, 

undoubtedly partly due to improved ^g^^a great numbers 
the "Grassi Museum", Kunstgewerbeproductton to m< 

of visitors from all countries. The »«• « use »„ Berlin , 
pavilion is significant. Minor fair.s wjiere ne 
Frankfurt ..Main. Cologne, "»i«» b .rg . a.s^f. „ of 

especially important for sales to Russia ana 
Eastern Europe. 

1 xhlbltlons , although not pronounced ^f/^ntuali^lreoted 
the advancement of quality «*";*"* or individual artists 
or advised by prominent art "joox.tion or ^ ^^ 

ll\?ZZ ruthori P t ir 8 : re The°:arh old. go^d f., the participation 

in Foreign National Exhibitions. 

<«-v4t«tions like the Deutscher 
On many of these occasions * n3 ^^°"u>und acted as advi9ers e 
Kunstgewerbe Verein or the D ^» char *"^ n y import ant. 
The Deutscher Werkbund (D.W.B.) was especiall y 



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Display 



Market 
Research 
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Education 
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Great importance .as given to matter, of "ffi^fclnK'"^.--* 
were established for the education of f^ f " ^.Tefb "night, 
window competitions were held. Window "spiay , abroad, 

caused pilgrimages of srectators, among them certainly ouy 

Market Re-eerch in Germany differed from systems in Great Britain or 
Th f's!!: Th e mstitut of KonounUurforschung explored and 

s^^u^^r^™ z, .« so mostly 

through their foreign representatives or agents. 

The Education of the . K unstgewerbler- along ^S'™ 1 ^. 

acknowledged in this country was *•*" ££ .J!* 10 ^, % ere two 

the concern of German states and »~»1«P* """.lE £±«'*.a located 

kinds of schools: The ' Klin3t e e " erb "idin! a nor e general education in 

in the capital of the sta e an d pror * "^ ^Hpc-cial industry , 

SS^rdLT.P^2S l |»« U^l«l training ^Topferschul. Bunslau, 

Webeschule Kxefeld a.s.f*) 

Though both types of schools were "•«*"»£• ^^trlati'.U 

and responsible sense -^ u ^£^4 -ith the disinterested 

who were allowed to exeri. an am WA ,-k<»hoT> train5nr proceeding 

school authority. Emphasis ^-^^^^^^"^ sunday morning 

artistic training Jurl«i|^PPr«ti -^yj*^^ later Q full- 

classes were attended in Kunstgeweru* Kunstgewerbeschule 

time Kunstgewerbeschule was attended. Many went to a Min 

after absolving a Fachschule. 

Uo,t schools were supported by the federal states or local authorities. 

Principal, or.head. of department; .and ^"^ ^'f^t 

naS ters of their P™""*^'™ *£' e a 'Selves in practice, 
in any case personalities who had prove avai lable was chosen 
They rere selecteo with great care, r3 

irrespective of origin or training. Bruno Paul, lor a y y u 
principal of the Staatliche Kuns gewerbe seh» . er lin, -^^ 

a painter and a cartoonist. *""«* I a ?* ?„ borufe n«) and given a 

but the personality chosen was cal led in l *°*™ J con trary. 

high standing. Th.r. -a. no b., to pri.a • Praet^^ ^^ ^ 

Apart from honour, the title "otessor , interesting 

men were sure to be commissioned with i^ortant a 

official work. They were usually P"7" ed "$ ""„ paid) wore thus 

and their student, -ho worked with them thore( often P ( )# 

brought into touch with pract W W t»W ^ lwt wa3 

It was thus that training at the ^n.tge er f the 

varied and personal depending »o 9 tly on the personality 

principal. In this connection .• ^^.^^"h was reformed on 

Ihe case of the Hamburg Kunstgewerbeschule which a teochin£ 3la ff 

the initiative o f one man by calling in a numoer 

of the Vienna Kunstgewerbeschule. 








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The Bauhaus 
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In Gropius set up the Bauhaus. It was an ex °$p c {||? 

the Weimar Kunstgewerbeschule , where he had been fcxSaaiM?. 

The Bauhaus settled first in Weimar but the traditional 

atmosphere of the town of the German classics did not prove 

too favourable to the new venture and he therefore accepted 

an invitation by the enterprising burgomaster of the small 

industrial town of Dessau where he was offered wider opportunities 

His initiative was due to his general artistic ^^ c ^ led 

with his susceptibility to the needs of our time. One of 

the most vivid pioneers of new design he wanted to ext end 

his influence. Close collaboration with industry was one 

of his principal aims. But training in the Bauhaus w bic 

well equipped with workshops, was still mainly based on handicraft 

the working of materials by hand. 

There is no doubt that the movement to improve on design 
did not finally conquer the broad masses. Bad period 
furniture reproduction was still rampant. On the other 
hand there was a certain subjective extremism New design, 

"modern". Patterns on textiles, carpets, china of the ^pe. 

though g« definite progress had been made in this respect. 



We have given a list of magzines on page 3. 







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inutet •** report* of 
^ce /.retoitocte* 
K*nAo*] . 



;orro© t on* 

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WSEARCH 

570 

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July 12 , 1978 




Dr. Fred Grubel 
Leo Baeck Institute 
129 East 73rd Street 
New York, N.Y. 10021 



Dear Fred: 

I ara sending you enclosed a copy of documents 
which were turned over to the Research 
Foundation by Mrs. Gabriele Tergit, the 
widow of Mr. H.J. Reifenberg, the Honorary 
Secretary of a group of refugee architects 
called The Circle. We deposit a parallel 
copy with the Institut fuer Zeitgeschichte, 
while the original remains in our files. 

with best regards, I am. 



1 







Sincerely yours. 






Herbert A. Strauss 



HASAr 

cc: Dr. Sybil Milton 





315. UPPER RICHMOND ROAD, 
LONDON. SW15 GST 

TEL PUTNEY 8099 

28th July, 1975 

Dear Mrss Forsyth, 

herewith I send you 

the "Circle " File, 
the ncrnbers lists 



1 — ^| 



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Thanking *ou again for your niee visit **d 
and your patienec v.ith my troubles, I will 
always he at your disposal. 
with kindest regards 
Yours sincerely 

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Liste der v crof f ontlichun^en liber H» J, Keif enberg* 
D1 ese Liste uufasst nicht die Arbeiten, die nur in 
ShSUgraphieen vorhaxiden sind. 



Vor 193.3 



"Refugees in 
a block o 

in Tcl-Aciv 



,„ llf1 unuwelt Heft 29 1930 

baukunst 1^30 
•-•-•- « uo«+ ioW*6.*vrrbffentlicht i 
Palestine find a home" ^^tur^f "** t 
f flatlets in arad Construction August l ;i* 



•"'"" - ,„ fiir (Uc Taaesliohtbestimmung 

^eKV^^ 

K'KiS-S. journal 9.Septe f -^,3,= .B^-o^^.^.xa.l,- 

Einige ArtiUel ^n «n« Uber^eifon^rg^ ^^ 25>Januar i 9 42 
-Bin Architekt sieht London .1 1>ifcn „ orrs Vortrage in Berli 

Uemo.n architecture to- ay ^ Lo c ,^„ Pebruar 195 5 
inArohiteeture and huiioing, 

jsbsss ws-«s rJIl. — - 

S£SU5£ Q r'™ fourd^n ,aris ,c,r«ar 195* 

k^Ii , n,inocrin, ,ondon u M fi 10,l 

SrSverseaf^gS April 1951 
^afirosonur; r flLtit^ion 

^fr^^S^tTrosse^f^ 

Detail einer Treppc The A " n ^ 8 *ruceion No 41. Madrid 

^n^sch^rnfausf uh/lfoh aul spanisoh) 

Pavilion 1951 1951 tferkzeltsohrllt Nicderurnon 

a^^*:» &?&£« in elass buiiain!rs 



of Civil Engineers" 1 



s«3 = srsnanss a a ssar«» 
Sterns s^-sr^^-i^' 55, 

in Photos vorhanden* 




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RET?U7tRE^ ARCHITECTS IK GREAT BRITAIN: 






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Questionnaires have been nailed to: 

Bor, Walter George b. 1916 

Koenigsberger, Otto H c b. 1908 

Korn, Arthur b. 1891- 

Loevenfeld, G.E. 

The Following are all believed to be alive, but no addresses or 
present location has been found for t .ec for questionnaire sailing. 
Addresses or other information would be greatly appreciated. 

Curtis, Frederick, P.O. b. 1903 

Frankel, Rudolf b. 1901 

Friedberg, Curt b. 1904 

^ Friedr:ann, Ernest P. 

Gpoag, Jacques b. 1897 

* Katz, Bronek b. 1912 

T.'arc us, Fritz b. 1888 

f Rosenthal, Harry b. 1892 

fimmr.nauer, Felix b. 1903 

Deceased. Names and addresses of next-of-kin who Tgould complete the 
questionnaire ^or uhese, or sources where information about then. 
could be found, would be of immense help. 



Freud, Ernet 1. 
Hoenig, Edgar 
Jaretzki, U.S. 



1892-1970 
1886-1961 
1891-1956 



Mendelssohn, Heinrich d. 1959 

(Reifenberg, H.J. - but I believe you have already provided us 
with some information on your late husband.) 

,;;,VKv/ r ;> Jy:>- V, v v.^. ■ fan i '• • ■ ■. ''• ' J ^ 



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THE CIRCLE 

Hon. Secretary: H.J.R©iferb< r » 
"315, Upper Richmond Rd. , 3, .15, 
Fut.6099 



Next Btings: Jan » 8th : tiscussion of sc c< 

• 1 . . 

Jan.; ' : . 'ill i I : ot, or 

I'el" .1*1. . 1 

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PROF. ADOLF G.SCHNECK 

St»otlirlip AklJrmic del bil lentil D KOnllC SlUtl| -J r I 

l i , in. ... I. . II... I, .. Uuli Stuttgart 



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Meine liefcen Freunde , 

Wir eteh.n .r.chUtt.rt an der Bahre un..r., "»- *"-»- 

Ceor,. H»» U- — H.e, VSnnen nir .. f»t ™ *•»"' 

to. «.« Uann nicht nenr da Ut. cin aufrecht.r 

Bildung. Die. Bilduag war durch*u, W iati.oh.r I.t«, 
Biiaung. , Al M4tKt dee 19.Jahrhund.rts, aid 

« -it den t-.U.« Manias und a.- -arkant.n Goethekop, 
wohl ei „ Ronantiker, .in Mann der Traunen nachhangt. 

Die , ..!„- Mine Graphic und s.lb.t ..in. all^rlich.n 
,, ,v, ren iwtar nechaelnden phanta.Urchen 
Heujahr.kart.n nit ihr^n inner V orlie*e 

MU— *-, a- .. ..it .1* " * « « » u Kenner 

fur di. nltt.lrlt.rllch. Archit.ktur. Er »« em 

: .« G .M.t de r ^11,^.^., »«*•-*« - is 

es lhn die Kath.dral.n an,tan. und „ ^^Z Bedeutun. 
ihrer Struhtur » er.rUnd.n, in dor .r ti.f. V-b 
, u erk.nnen ,,laub»e. Dae Er.ebnis dl eeer Stud« 

v , Tiranti er.chi.n.n.n W.rk "Sacred &.on.try 
2-btadXK.n, h.i "»»« „ rt; . r .t,in.n Bend.s 

„l.d.r g el.«t. Das ErecVinen rir.es drxtt.n - 
hat er l.id.r nicht r.e^r -rlebt. 

ftT -rchitekt hi.lt er an Alth.rg.bracht.n f.t »i. ee seiner 

sic h hin.unn.ndri - . D £ „„ v , tarer Oelas-enheit 

auf das Reissbrett her*., Sc« 

und Hunor b.g.gn.nd, .t«. nit F.ed-nsart.n .1. . Da. k , 

v ,,,„ fur -in ruM.ee Bean'.nda-- in, heitre 
Diese r :.:nnn nun, e ..chaf?en >r in r .^metiers 

-..lliO.lt und die .till, .chapr.ri.ch, h d 
und Gelekrten, halt. Vein 1.1**. U «• ^ ^ BauW „ ten 

Wans au. de, -^Wt. St.llun* . ^ " „„ 

» KSnig.h.r*. Er kan in eir *««t „ ti « L ^ 

^ -« + 4i.f in d*r drufchen /.ultur t 

rrrr;;:;.::' « - T rrr:;.:r.i' 

eein. Frau, -in rules KlKrch.n. 






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Er hat di*se Schicksalsschl->e £»trafen rri* ein liana. 

Aber dann "ard jh*» d«s rrosse Gliick, n^cVeinnal eine 

Lebense;©fahrtin zu finden, das "GTick seines Alters" tie 

er sarte, s^ine f;ute Karthe. Sie schuf ih"« rriedpr ein 

wirkiichos Hein, i^ den er ein* r^iche Gesell i»k*it austibte. 

Da gab es k»iren Sonnta* o^ne Freundk. Denn er far -in reselliger 

M^nsch. Das wissen wjr roil Circle am b?st - n, unyerri Arc v itekten- 

vrein, d-n *r vor rumehr ?0 Jahren mi*berrundete und der 

ihn sori^l b*d»utete. Jetzt- o v ne lhn - wird der Circle nie 

nieder ganz das Gleiche sein. 

Liebe Freund*, ein auf reenter Uann und lieb-ns^erter Freuni 
ist von uns ge^angen, ein Mann, kxkxXxxe, der da* Beste einer 
rr^^an^enen ZpocVe rerkSpperte. Fiir ihn -i-Mss .rilt da? 7,'ort 
seines geliebten Goethe: 



Wie an d»rt Tag, d*r dic^ drr Welt vrliehn 
Dir Sonne stand zun Grusse der Flan-ten 

r 1 n <-fb 1 d 

Fist naBRXHna'nirn^ und ^ort und fort •■edi'hn 
Nneh den fcicBtx Gesetz, ^or.^ch du anr* ^ret^n. 



So must du sft in, dir Vannst du nicht ^nt^l i r hn 
So sa^ten schon Sybill-n, so PropVeten- 
Und k-5ne Zeit und k«-in- L'acht zeratLicVr-lt 
Geprort* For'*, di* i*b*nd sich entwickelt. 








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ii T H E CIRCLE" 

ladt aufDonnersta *_>, u. uii • nuTERKALTUNGS ABEND cm 

Ji&iodcr 0^^°^ B M 1 |i n 5iuS?BoaS!™ Swiss Cottage Station. 
in don BLUOMii^CWB. 15 " in / Qinffiallg0 Vcrans talt U n S kann als 
th-sc in ihror Art - und auch sonst! - oinm aligo vera vcr(JLZn . 

.urdL Fortsct^n^dcs Fcsuva u Qf s Br,t^n o l 9?L p p ^ ; G T g Q ^ 

Zur Fcicr dec vidloloht^ ^^ Kom - 6dic 

E r s xjlJ-— JL-iu-A-J-JLJ-* 

im oIIIIir^dr^^L^ia^^Adoncr »r a ~ 
im Grosaon o. , sir R „ lph Ri chardson , John, 

Dio Mitairkuns von Sir ™nce OU v^ , ^ ir ■ P p ruuU iu r doml 

Giolgud, V ivi«i loign "| ' T, ' r h' °' /.,. l,:ruflicUr ..rtcit 
nafcon ^sohlosacn.^ar^ntspam,^,.^^^, ^ „ otatlgon . 

« in, Stuck . uf - V and r aotroLndL n (L G i3to Q s ator sitzenden) 
dcr im StucL .ui un^ „-i4,»;hireiton . 

( inacr P R C 0inc^lCO 1 inr?s h S , ie,-Bc m .rk,ar- Ife cV,na) 

Stave, Hcndlangsreisondor c.us Nou-Ruppxn 
vcnj*&k3£ak£> AesooBor 

Lotto . ecino Frr.a 



" 7 i«4vi -p k-1 baycrisefcer Ministerialist 

dor Zufifuhror 

josuLFilscr, Okonom and ADgoorflnotcr 

^rj^jilsj-r, seine Frr.u 
p 7 i WH tnj Gsottmc.ior, Dkonom 



George Lesser" 1 " 
Emilir.n Mat oils' < 
Elfriede Lesser 
James Wolfs on + 
Albert Oppcnhei:n + 
Fritz Ruhemr\nn 
Irmgard Schmitt ++ 
Leo Stress 



es"ccr UuUouki'-j- 1 -- 1 i 

.: =?»"&: "as ■sasyisyss «■ —• 

«. ::::„ - v „ — — -« »~ •- -^ 

lelcgraphondrshte cntwori-n vm e, G ntkloidetsn DP-rstollex- 

SS.^5 wo"* - S. KoW; 5.S.5.. *» >&*•* kontin.ntal^l-oUr 

ST&k»i.n vcrscnlcisscn^r • 

Unkoston^Bcitrag: ;/- am Abend, ^/bd xm Fino] .i, y Road, 

and untcr Bolfusung dos_Bv>tr *cs : 



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Mrs. E. Hadolnann, 58 Bolslze Park, H.W.3. 
M, tittc un Zuscndong von Kartcn. Dcr Botrac von 
-la Cheque, z-hlVr .• n Mr. George Lessor a ci g Gf ugt MUc 3tre i ch on) 
als Postal Order 
Nroao : 

/.drosses 



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WEDNESDAY 







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SEPTEMBER 






August 



8 M n v. ffi i a 

•Si. — . i -l 1 3 



6 7 

2021 

2728 



n v. it 

13 3 15 

8 01011 12 

IS'16171819 

22232-1 2d26 
29 30311... ... 



September ^October^ 

■3 I M i T 

"if 21 31 41 51 
8 910!ll!l2l 

1511617 18 19 
{rift 19 20 21 22 23 22 23 24 25.26 
24 2126 57,28 29 30 293031,.... 



1 2 



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1011121314 1516 



B I B 

~6T7 
1314 
2021 
2728 



1944 




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h.J.Rcifrnber;-, ?3 , Heir ir.a Avenue, N.7.'.3. F ri. 3 r.0- r ■ 



THE LEBANON ROSPITRL FOE MENTAL DISEASES. 



Scheme of Appeal. 



l.Nc'uro-gurc:.~: I ''nit 
Operational Theatre 






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End of The Circle Collection